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The influence of language switching experience on the bilingual executive control advantage

Nele Verreyt (UGent) , Evy Woumans (UGent) , Davy Vandelanotte (UGent) , Arnaud Szmalec (UGent) and Wouter Duyck (UGent)
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Abstract
In an ongoing debate, bilingual research currently discusses whether bilingualism enhances non-linguistic executive control. The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of language-switching experience, rather than language proficiency, on this bilingual executive control advantage. We compared the performance of unbalanced bilinguals, balanced non-switching, and balanced switching bilinguals on two executive control tasks, i. e. a flanker and a Simon task. We found that the balanced switching bilinguals outperformed both other groups in terms of executive control performance, whereas the unbalanced and balanced non-switching bilinguals did not differ. These findings indicate that language-switching experience, rather than high second-language proficiency, is the key determinant of the bilingual advantage in cognitive control processes related to interference resolution.
Keywords
cognitive control, second language proficiency, INTERFERENCE, language switching, bilingualism, COGNITIVE CONTROL, WORKING-MEMORY, SIMON TASK, ENGLISH BILINGUALS, CHILDREN

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Chicago
Verreyt, Nele, Evy Woumans, Davy Vandelanotte, Arnaud Szmalec, and Wouter Duyck. 2016. “The Influence of Language Switching Experience on the Bilingual Executive Control Advantage.” Bilingualism-language and Cognition 19 (1): 181–190.
APA
Verreyt, N., Woumans, E., Vandelanotte, D., Szmalec, A., & Duyck, W. (2016). The influence of language switching experience on the bilingual executive control advantage. BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION, 19(1), 181–190.
Vancouver
1.
Verreyt N, Woumans E, Vandelanotte D, Szmalec A, Duyck W. The influence of language switching experience on the bilingual executive control advantage. BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION. 2016;19(1):181–90.
MLA
Verreyt, Nele, Evy Woumans, Davy Vandelanotte, et al. “The Influence of Language Switching Experience on the Bilingual Executive Control Advantage.” BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION 19.1 (2016): 181–190. Print.
@article{5844835,
  abstract     = {In an ongoing debate, bilingual research currently discusses whether bilingualism enhances non-linguistic executive control. The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of language-switching experience, rather than language proficiency, on this bilingual executive control advantage. We compared the performance of unbalanced bilinguals, balanced non-switching, and balanced switching bilinguals on two executive control tasks, i. e. a flanker and a Simon task. We found that the balanced switching bilinguals outperformed both other groups in terms of executive control performance, whereas the unbalanced and balanced non-switching bilinguals did not differ. These findings indicate that language-switching experience, rather than high second-language proficiency, is the key determinant of the bilingual advantage in cognitive control processes related to interference resolution.},
  author       = {Verreyt, Nele and Woumans, Evy and Vandelanotte, Davy and Szmalec, Arnaud and Duyck, Wouter},
  issn         = {1366-7289},
  journal      = {BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION},
  keyword      = {cognitive control,second language proficiency,INTERFERENCE,language switching,bilingualism,COGNITIVE CONTROL,WORKING-MEMORY,SIMON TASK,ENGLISH BILINGUALS,CHILDREN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {181--190},
  title        = {The influence of language switching experience on the bilingual executive control advantage},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1366728914000352},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2016},
}

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