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Intestinal obstruction by Toxocara vitulorum in a calf

Lies Van der Steen, Bart Pardon (UGent) , Charlotte Sarre (UGent) , Bonnie Valgaeren (UGent) , Daphné Van Hende (UGent) , Lieven Vlaminck (UGent) and Piet Deprez (UGent)
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Abstract
A one-month-old Belgian blue bull calf was referred to the animal hospital of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (UGhent) because of the sudden onset of severe colic. The animal showed intermittent recumbency, kicking to the abdomen, abdominal distension of the right quadrants, absence of feces and fluid-splashing and the presence of ping sounds on auscultation of the right side. Abdominal ultrasound showed distended, but still contractile small intestines with thickened walls. On exploratory laparotomy, a complete obstruction with adult Toxocara vitulorum extending from duodenum to mid-jejunum was diagnosed. On the punctum maximum of the obstruction, the ascarides were partially removed through an enterotomy. After vermifugation with doramectin, ascarides were found in the animal's feces in the next days. In contrast to ascaride infections in puppies, piglets and foals, to the author's knowledge, intestinal obstruction caused by T. vitulorum has not been described previously in calves.
Keywords
YOUNG CALVES, BUFFALO BUBALUS-BUBALIS, T-VITULORUM, LIFE-CYCLE, PREVALENCE, CATTLE, INFECTION, ANTIBODIES, HERNIATION, PAKISTAN

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Citation

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Chicago
Van der Steen, Lies, Bart Pardon, Charlotte Sarre, Bonnie Valgaeren, Daphné Van Hende, Lieven Vlaminck, and Piet Deprez. 2014. “Intestinal Obstruction by Toxocara Vitulorum in a Calf.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 83 (6): 299–305.
APA
Van der Steen, L., Pardon, B., Sarre, C., Valgaeren, B., Van Hende, D., Vlaminck, L., & Deprez, P. (2014). Intestinal obstruction by Toxocara vitulorum in a calf. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 83(6), 299–305.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Steen L, Pardon B, Sarre C, Valgaeren B, Van Hende D, Vlaminck L, et al. Intestinal obstruction by Toxocara vitulorum in a calf. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2014;83(6):299–305.
MLA
Van der Steen, Lies et al. “Intestinal Obstruction by Toxocara Vitulorum in a Calf.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 83.6 (2014): 299–305. Print.
@article{5836525,
  abstract     = {A one-month-old Belgian blue bull calf was referred to the animal hospital of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (UGhent) because of the sudden onset of severe colic. The animal showed intermittent recumbency, kicking to the abdomen, abdominal distension of the right quadrants, absence of feces and fluid-splashing and the presence of ping sounds on auscultation of the right side. Abdominal ultrasound showed distended, but still contractile small intestines with thickened walls. On exploratory laparotomy, a complete obstruction with adult Toxocara vitulorum extending from duodenum to mid-jejunum was diagnosed. On the punctum maximum of the obstruction, the ascarides were partially removed through an enterotomy. After vermifugation with doramectin, ascarides were found in the animal's feces in the next days. In contrast to ascaride infections in puppies, piglets and foals, to the author's knowledge, intestinal obstruction caused by T. vitulorum has not been described previously in calves.},
  author       = {Van der Steen, Lies and Pardon, Bart and Sarre, Charlotte and Valgaeren, Bonnie and Van Hende, Daphné and Vlaminck, Lieven and Deprez, Piet},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keywords     = {YOUNG CALVES,BUFFALO BUBALUS-BUBALIS,T-VITULORUM,LIFE-CYCLE,PREVALENCE,CATTLE,INFECTION,ANTIBODIES,HERNIATION,PAKISTAN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {299--305},
  title        = {Intestinal obstruction by Toxocara vitulorum in a calf},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/sites/default/files/04.pdf},
  volume       = {83},
  year         = {2014},
}

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