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Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents: symptomatology, impairment and quality of life

Elien De Caluwé (UGent) and Barbara De Clercq (UGent)
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Abstract
Although the "presence of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms" and "OC-related impairment" are the main criteria to diagnose obsessive-compulsive disorder, the significance of symptomatology versus impairment in explaining quality of life remains unclear. The present study relies on two samples including 462 children (8-11 years old) and 265 children and adolescents (10-17 years old) and explores how self-ratings of specific OC symptoms and OC impairment are associated with father ratings of childhood quality of life. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to investigate the additive effect of OC impairment beyond OC symptomatology (and vice versa) in predicting quality of life. The results demonstrated that specific OC symptoms and OC impairment are differentially related to quality of life, underscoring the additive value of OC impairment beyond OC symptomatology, whereas the reverse was not the case. This finding highlights the importance of measuring impairment besides symptomatology to identify those OC features in childhood that are most significantly related to decreased quality of life.
Keywords
Quality of life, Impairment, MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, FUNCTIONAL IMPAIRMENT, ANXIETY DISORDERS, PERSONALITY-DISORDER, VALIDATION, AGREEMENT, IMPACT, SCALE, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, ANTECEDENTS, Obsessive-compulsive symptoms, Children, Adolescents, Symptomatology

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MLA
De Caluwé, Elien, and Barbara De Clercq. “Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: Symptomatology, Impairment and Quality of Life.” EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY 24.11 (2015): 1389–1398. Print.
APA
De Caluwé, Elien, & De Clercq, B. (2015). Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents: symptomatology, impairment and quality of life. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, 24(11), 1389–1398.
Chicago author-date
De Caluwé, Elien, and Barbara De Clercq. 2015. “Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: Symptomatology, Impairment and Quality of Life.” European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 24 (11): 1389–1398.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Caluwé, Elien, and Barbara De Clercq. 2015. “Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: Symptomatology, Impairment and Quality of Life.” European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 24 (11): 1389–1398.
Vancouver
1.
De Caluwé E, De Clercq B. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents: symptomatology, impairment and quality of life. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY. 2015;24(11):1389–98.
IEEE
[1]
E. De Caluwé and B. De Clercq, “Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents: symptomatology, impairment and quality of life,” EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1389–1398, 2015.
@article{5835507,
  abstract     = {Although the "presence of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms" and "OC-related impairment" are the main criteria to diagnose obsessive-compulsive disorder, the significance of symptomatology versus impairment in explaining quality of life remains unclear. The present study relies on two samples including 462 children (8-11 years old) and 265 children and adolescents (10-17 years old) and explores how self-ratings of specific OC symptoms and OC impairment are associated with father ratings of childhood quality of life. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to investigate the additive effect of OC impairment beyond OC symptomatology (and vice versa) in predicting quality of life. The results demonstrated that specific OC symptoms and OC impairment are differentially related to quality of life, underscoring the additive value of OC impairment beyond OC symptomatology, whereas the reverse was not the case. This finding highlights the importance of measuring impairment besides symptomatology to identify those OC features in childhood that are most significantly related to decreased quality of life.},
  author       = {De Caluwé, Elien and De Clercq, Barbara},
  issn         = {1018-8827},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY},
  keywords     = {Quality of life,Impairment,MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER,FUNCTIONAL IMPAIRMENT,ANXIETY DISORDERS,PERSONALITY-DISORDER,VALIDATION,AGREEMENT,IMPACT,SCALE,PSYCHOPATHOLOGY,ANTECEDENTS,Obsessive-compulsive symptoms,Children,Adolescents,Symptomatology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1389--1398},
  title        = {Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents: symptomatology, impairment and quality of life},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-015-0691-7},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2015},
}

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