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Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis

Charlotte Van Herzeele (UGent) , Karlien Dhondt (UGent) , Sanne Roels (UGent) , Ann Raes (UGent) , LUITZEN ALBERT GROEN (UGent) , Piet Hoebeke (UGent) and Johan Vande Walle (UGent)
(2015) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 174(7). p.897-902
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Abstract
The study investigates whether cortical arousals and periodic limb movements during sleep are related to daytime psychological functioning in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis with associated nocturnal polyuria. Psychological functioning is evaluated on five domains: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-inattentive problems, quality of life, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and executive functioning. This multi-informant (parents, teachers, and children) and multi-method study included overnight video-polysomnography, questionnaires, and neuropsychological testing. Thirty children (7 girls) 6 to 16 years (mean 10.43 years, SD 3.08) were selected in a tertiary enuresis center. A high index of periodic limb movements during sleep was associated with a lower quality of life, according to the child. No significant correlations were found with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-inattentive problems, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and executive functioning. Conclusion: This study clarifies the relationship between sleep parameters and psychological functioning of the children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and associated nocturnal polyuria according to the child, the parents, and the teachers. Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life of the child.
Keywords
PREVALENCE, DYSFUNCTION, AROUSAL, VALIDITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL-PROBLEMS, ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, Child, Psychology, Quality of life, Sleep, Enuresis, DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

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MLA
Van Herzeele, Charlotte, Karlien Dhondt, Sanne Roels, et al. “Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep Are Associated with a Lower Quality of Life in Children with Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS 174.7 (2015): 897–902. Print.
APA
Van Herzeele, C., Dhondt, K., Roels, S., Raes, A., GROEN, L. A., Hoebeke, P., & Vande Walle, J. (2015). Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 174(7), 897–902.
Chicago author-date
Van Herzeele, Charlotte, Karlien Dhondt, Sanne Roels, Ann Raes, LUITZEN ALBERT GROEN, Piet Hoebeke, and Johan Vande Walle. 2015. “Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep Are Associated with a Lower Quality of Life in Children with Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis.” European Journal of Pediatrics 174 (7): 897–902.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Herzeele, Charlotte, Karlien Dhondt, Sanne Roels, Ann Raes, LUITZEN ALBERT GROEN, Piet Hoebeke, and Johan Vande Walle. 2015. “Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep Are Associated with a Lower Quality of Life in Children with Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis.” European Journal of Pediatrics 174 (7): 897–902.
Vancouver
1.
Van Herzeele C, Dhondt K, Roels S, Raes A, GROEN LA, Hoebeke P, et al. Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 2015;174(7):897–902.
IEEE
[1]
C. Van Herzeele et al., “Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, vol. 174, no. 7, pp. 897–902, 2015.
@article{5826979,
  abstract     = {The study investigates whether cortical arousals and periodic limb movements during sleep are related to daytime psychological functioning in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis with associated nocturnal polyuria. Psychological functioning is evaluated on five domains: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-inattentive problems, quality of life, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and executive functioning. This multi-informant (parents, teachers, and children) and multi-method study included overnight video-polysomnography, questionnaires, and neuropsychological testing. Thirty children (7 girls) 6 to 16 years (mean 10.43 years, SD 3.08) were selected in a tertiary enuresis center. A high index of periodic limb movements during sleep was associated with a lower quality of life, according to the child. No significant correlations were found with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-inattentive problems, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and executive functioning. 
Conclusion: This study clarifies the relationship between sleep parameters and psychological functioning of the children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and associated nocturnal polyuria according to the child, the parents, and the teachers. Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life of the child.},
  author       = {Van Herzeele, Charlotte and Dhondt, Karlien and Roels, Sanne and Raes, Ann and GROEN, LUITZEN ALBERT and Hoebeke, Piet and Vande Walle, Johan},
  issn         = {0340-6199},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS},
  keywords     = {PREVALENCE,DYSFUNCTION,AROUSAL,VALIDITY,PSYCHOLOGICAL-PROBLEMS,ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER,Child,Psychology,Quality of life,Sleep,Enuresis,DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {897--902},
  title        = {Periodic limb movements during sleep are associated with a lower quality of life in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-014-2474-4},
  volume       = {174},
  year         = {2015},
}

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