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Cauliform bacteria lacking phospholipids from an abyssal hydrothermal vent: proposal of Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp nov., belonging to the family Hyphomonadaceae

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Abstract
Cauliform bacteria are prosthecate bacteria often specialized for oligotrophic environments. A polyphasic approach, comprising 16S rRNA gene sequencing, lipid analysis and salt tolerance characterizations, was used to clarify the taxonomy of one isolate, strain MCS 33(T), obtained from above the hot water plume of a deep-sea hydrothermal vent near Vancouver island, Canada. Cells contained no detectable phospholipids or sulpholipids, but did contain 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosylglycerol, 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-alpha-D-glucopyranuronosylglycerol and the novel lipid 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-[O-alpha-D-glucopyranuronosyl]glycerol-6'-N-glycine. It is assumed that the various glucoronosyl lipids are replacing, at least partially, the phospholipids in their various tasks in the cell cycle. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain MCS 33(T) was 62.8 mol%, and 010 was the predominant respiratory ubiquinone. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this chemoheterotrophic, aerobic, moderately halophilic strain showed only a low similarity of 94.4% to that of Oceanicaulis alexandrii C116-18(T), and both strains also differed based on their lipids. Although the novel strain was isolated from seawater sampled near a hydrothermal vent, its optimum temperature for growth was 30 degrees C. The main cellular fatty acids were C-18:1 omega 7c, C-18:0 and the unknown fatty acid ECL 11.798, and the main hydroxy fatty acid was C-12:0 3-OH. The strain is proposed to represent a novel species of a new genus, Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of the type species is MCS 33(T) (=LMG 27140(T)=CCUG 62981(T)).
Keywords
PSEUDOMONAS-DIMINUTA, PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, MARINE BACTERIUM, POLAR LIPIDS, BREVUNDIMONAS, CAULOBACTER, ACID, CLASSIFICATION, EXTRACTION, PHYLOGENY

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MLA
Abraham, Wolf-Rainer, Heinrich Loensdorf, Marc Vancanneyt, et al. “Cauliform Bacteria Lacking Phospholipids from an Abyssal Hydrothermal Vent: Proposal of Glycocaulis Abyssi Gen. Nov., Sp Nov., Belonging to the Family Hyphomonadaceae.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY 63.6 (2013): 2207–2215. Print.
APA
Abraham, W.-R., Loensdorf, H., Vancanneyt, M., & Smit, J. (2013). Cauliform bacteria lacking phospholipids from an abyssal hydrothermal vent: proposal of Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp nov., belonging to the family Hyphomonadaceae. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY, 63(6), 2207–2215.
Chicago author-date
Abraham, Wolf-Rainer, Heinrich Loensdorf, Marc Vancanneyt, and John Smit. 2013. “Cauliform Bacteria Lacking Phospholipids from an Abyssal Hydrothermal Vent: Proposal of Glycocaulis Abyssi Gen. Nov., Sp Nov., Belonging to the Family Hyphomonadaceae.” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63 (6): 2207–2215.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Abraham, Wolf-Rainer, Heinrich Loensdorf, Marc Vancanneyt, and John Smit. 2013. “Cauliform Bacteria Lacking Phospholipids from an Abyssal Hydrothermal Vent: Proposal of Glycocaulis Abyssi Gen. Nov., Sp Nov., Belonging to the Family Hyphomonadaceae.” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63 (6): 2207–2215.
Vancouver
1.
Abraham W-R, Loensdorf H, Vancanneyt M, Smit J. Cauliform bacteria lacking phospholipids from an abyssal hydrothermal vent: proposal of Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp nov., belonging to the family Hyphomonadaceae. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY. 2013;63(6):2207–15.
IEEE
[1]
W.-R. Abraham, H. Loensdorf, M. Vancanneyt, and J. Smit, “Cauliform bacteria lacking phospholipids from an abyssal hydrothermal vent: proposal of Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp nov., belonging to the family Hyphomonadaceae,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 2207–2215, 2013.
@article{5826114,
  abstract     = {Cauliform bacteria are prosthecate bacteria often specialized for oligotrophic environments. A polyphasic approach, comprising 16S rRNA gene sequencing, lipid analysis and salt tolerance characterizations, was used to clarify the taxonomy of one isolate, strain MCS 33(T), obtained from above the hot water plume of a deep-sea hydrothermal vent near Vancouver island, Canada. Cells contained no detectable phospholipids or sulpholipids, but did contain 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosylglycerol, 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-alpha-D-glucopyranuronosylglycerol and the novel lipid 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-[O-alpha-D-glucopyranuronosyl]glycerol-6'-N-glycine. It is assumed that the various glucoronosyl lipids are replacing, at least partially, the phospholipids in their various tasks in the cell cycle. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain MCS 33(T) was 62.8 mol%, and 010 was the predominant respiratory ubiquinone. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this chemoheterotrophic, aerobic, moderately halophilic strain showed only a low similarity of 94.4% to that of Oceanicaulis alexandrii C116-18(T), and both strains also differed based on their lipids. Although the novel strain was isolated from seawater sampled near a hydrothermal vent, its optimum temperature for growth was 30 degrees C. The main cellular fatty acids were C-18:1 omega 7c, C-18:0 and the unknown fatty acid ECL 11.798, and the main hydroxy fatty acid was C-12:0 3-OH. The strain is proposed to represent a novel species of a new genus, Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of the type species is MCS 33(T) (=LMG 27140(T)=CCUG 62981(T)).},
  author       = {Abraham, Wolf-Rainer and Loensdorf, Heinrich and Vancanneyt, Marc and Smit, John},
  issn         = {1466-5026},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {PSEUDOMONAS-DIMINUTA,PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY,MARINE BACTERIUM,POLAR LIPIDS,BREVUNDIMONAS,CAULOBACTER,ACID,CLASSIFICATION,EXTRACTION,PHYLOGENY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2207--2215},
  title        = {Cauliform bacteria lacking phospholipids from an abyssal hydrothermal vent: proposal of Glycocaulis abyssi gen. nov., sp nov., belonging to the family Hyphomonadaceae},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.047894-0},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2013},
}

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