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Girls' quality of life prior to detention in relation to psychiatric disorders, trauma exposure and socioeconomic status

(2015) QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH. 24(6). p.1419-1429
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Abstract
Purpose: Practice and research on detained girls has mainly been problem-oriented, overlooking these minors’ own perspective on and satisfaction with life. The aim of this study was to examine how girls evaluate multiple domains of quality of life (QoL), and how each domain is affected by psychiatric (co-)morbidity, trauma, and socio-economic status (SES). Methods: An abbreviated version of the World Health Organization (WHO) QoL Instrument was used to assess the girls’ (N=121; Mage=16.28) QoL prior to detention. This self-report questionnaire consists of two benchmark items referring to their overall QoL and health, and 24 remaining items measuring their QoL regarding four domains (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment). The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV was used to assess the past-year prevalence of psychiatric disorders and life-time trauma exposure. Results: Detained girls perceived their QoL almost as good as the 12-20-years-olds from the WHO’s international field trial on all but one domain (i.e., psychological health). They were most satisfied with their social relationships and least satisfied with their psychological health. Psychiatric disorders, trauma and low SES were distinctively and negatively related to various domains of QoL. The girls’ psychological health was most adversely affected by psychosocial and socio-economic problems, while these variables had an almost negligible impact on their satisfaction with their social relationships. Conclusions: The particularity of each domain of QoL supports a multidimensional conceptualisation of QoL. Regarding treatment, psychological health appears as a domain of major concern, while social relationships might serve as a source of resilience.
Keywords
socio-economic status, young offenders, trauma, quality of life, psychiatric disorder, females, WHOQOL-BREF, OPIATE-DEPENDENT INDIVIDUALS, DETAINED MALE-ADOLESCENTS, MENTAL-HEALTH, RESIDENTIAL-TREATMENT, SUBSTANCE USE, WHOQOL-BREF, HOUSEHOLD DYSFUNCTION, JUVENILE DETENTION, YOUTH, DETERMINANTS

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Citation

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Chicago
Van Damme, Lore, Olivier F Colins, Jessica De Maeyer, Wouter Vanderplasschen, and Robert Vermeiren. 2015. “Girls’ Quality of Life Prior to Detention in Relation to Psychiatric Disorders, Trauma Exposure and Socioeconomic Status.” Quality of Life Research 24 (6): 1419–1429.
APA
Van Damme, Lore, Colins, O. F., De Maeyer, J., Vanderplasschen, W., & Vermeiren, R. (2015). Girls’ quality of life prior to detention in relation to psychiatric disorders, trauma exposure and socioeconomic status. QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH, 24(6), 1419–1429.
Vancouver
1.
Van Damme L, Colins OF, De Maeyer J, Vanderplasschen W, Vermeiren R. Girls’ quality of life prior to detention in relation to psychiatric disorders, trauma exposure and socioeconomic status. QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH. 2015;24(6):1419–29.
MLA
Van Damme, Lore, Olivier F Colins, Jessica De Maeyer, et al. “Girls’ Quality of Life Prior to Detention in Relation to Psychiatric Disorders, Trauma Exposure and Socioeconomic Status.” QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH 24.6 (2015): 1419–1429. Print.
@article{5816906,
  abstract     = {Purpose: Practice and research on detained girls has mainly been problem-oriented, overlooking these minors{\textquoteright} own perspective on and satisfaction with life. The aim of this study was to examine how girls evaluate multiple domains of quality of life (QoL), and how each domain is affected by psychiatric (co-)morbidity, trauma, and socio-economic status (SES). Methods: An abbreviated version of the World Health Organization (WHO) QoL Instrument was used to assess the girls{\textquoteright} (N=121; Mage=16.28) QoL prior to detention. This self-report questionnaire consists of two benchmark items referring to their overall QoL and health, and 24 remaining items measuring their QoL regarding four domains (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment). The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV was used to assess the past-year prevalence of psychiatric disorders and life-time trauma exposure. Results: Detained girls perceived their QoL almost as good as the 12-20-years-olds from the WHO{\textquoteright}s international field trial on all but one domain (i.e., psychological health). They were most satisfied with their social relationships and least satisfied with their psychological health. Psychiatric disorders, trauma and low SES were distinctively and negatively related to various domains of QoL. The girls{\textquoteright} psychological health was most adversely affected by psychosocial and socio-economic problems, while these variables had an almost negligible impact on their satisfaction with their social relationships. Conclusions: The particularity of each domain of QoL supports a multidimensional conceptualisation of QoL. Regarding treatment, psychological health appears as a domain of major concern, while social relationships might serve as a source of resilience.},
  author       = {Van Damme, Lore and Colins, Olivier F and De Maeyer, Jessica and Vanderplasschen, Wouter and Vermeiren, Robert },
  issn         = {0962-9343},
  journal      = {QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {socio-economic status,young offenders,trauma,quality of life,psychiatric disorder,females,WHOQOL-BREF,OPIATE-DEPENDENT INDIVIDUALS,DETAINED MALE-ADOLESCENTS,MENTAL-HEALTH,RESIDENTIAL-TREATMENT,SUBSTANCE USE,WHOQOL-BREF,HOUSEHOLD DYSFUNCTION,JUVENILE DETENTION,YOUTH,DETERMINANTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1419--1429},
  title        = {Girls' quality of life prior to detention in relation to psychiatric disorders, trauma exposure and socioeconomic status},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-014-0878-2},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2015},
}

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