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Prevalence and correlates of young people's sexual aggression perpetration and victimisation in 10 European countries: a multi-level analysis

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Abstract
Data are presented on young people’s sexual victimisation and perpetration from 10 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Greece, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and Spain) using a shared measurement tool (N ¼ 3480 participants, aged between 18 and 27 years). Between 19.7 and 52.2% of female and between 10.1 and 55.8% of male respondents reported having experienced at least one incident of sexual victimisation since the age of consent. In two countries, victimisation rates were significantly higher for men than for women. Between 5.5 and 48.7% of male and 2.6 and 14.8% of female participants reported having engaged in a least one act of sexual aggression perpetration, with higher rates for men than for women in all countries. Victimisation rates correlated negatively with sexual assertiveness and positively with alcohol use in sexual encounters. Perpetration rates correlated positively with attitudes condoning physical dating violence and with alcohol use in men, and negatively with sexual assertiveness in women. At the country level, lower gender equality in economic power and in the work domain was related to higher male perpetration rates. Lower gender equality in political power and higher sexual assertiveness in women relative to men were linked to higher male victimisation rates.
Keywords
sexual aggression, European Union, multi-level correlates, young people, sexual victimisation, ASSERTIVENESS SCALE SAS, UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS, COLLEGE-WOMEN, MEN, VIOLENCE, ASSAULT, CONTEXT, IMPACT, RISK

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Chicago
Krahé, Barbara, Anja Berger, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, Gabriel Bianchi, Joannes Chliaoutakis, Andrès Fernández-Fuertes, Antonio Fuertes, et al. 2015. “Prevalence and Correlates of Young People’s Sexual Aggression Perpetration and Victimisation in 10 European Countries: a Multi-level Analysis.” Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care 17 (6): 682–699.
APA
Krahé, B., Berger, A., Vanwesenbeeck, I., Bianchi, G., Chliaoutakis, J., Fernández-Fuertes, A., Fuertes, A., et al. (2015). Prevalence and correlates of young people’s sexual aggression perpetration and victimisation in 10 European countries: a multi-level analysis. Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care, 17(6), 682–699.
Vancouver
1.
Krahé B, Berger A, Vanwesenbeeck I, Bianchi G, Chliaoutakis J, Fernández-Fuertes A, et al. Prevalence and correlates of young people’s sexual aggression perpetration and victimisation in 10 European countries: a multi-level analysis. Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care. ABINGDON: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD; 2015;17(6):682–99.
MLA
Krahé, Barbara, Anja Berger, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Young People’s Sexual Aggression Perpetration and Victimisation in 10 European Countries: a Multi-level Analysis.” Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care 17.6 (2015): 682–699. Print.
@article{5815648,
  abstract     = {Data are presented on young people{\textquoteright}s sexual victimisation and perpetration from 10 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Greece, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and Spain) using a shared measurement tool (N {\textonequarter} 3480 participants, aged between 18 and 27 years). Between 19.7 and 52.2\% of female and between 10.1 and 55.8\% of male respondents reported having experienced at least one incident of sexual victimisation since the age of consent. In two countries, victimisation rates were significantly higher for men than for women. Between 5.5 and 48.7\% of male and 2.6 and 14.8\% of female participants reported having engaged in a least one act of sexual aggression perpetration, with higher rates for men than for women in all countries. Victimisation rates correlated negatively with sexual assertiveness and positively with alcohol use in sexual encounters. Perpetration rates correlated positively with attitudes condoning physical dating violence and with alcohol use in men, and negatively with sexual assertiveness in women. At the country level, lower gender equality in economic power and in the work domain was related to higher male perpetration rates. Lower gender equality in political power and higher sexual assertiveness in women relative to men were linked to higher male victimisation rates.},
  author       = {Krah{\'e}, Barbara and Berger, Anja and Vanwesenbeeck, Ine and Bianchi, Gabriel and  Chliaoutakis, Joannes and  Fern{\'a}ndez-Fuertes, Andr{\`e}s and  Fuertes, Antonio and  Gaspar de Matos, Margarida and Hadjigeorgiou, Eleni and Haller, Birgitt and Hellemans, Sabine and Izdebski,  Zbigniew and  Kouta, Christiana and Meijnckens, Dwayne and Murauskiene, Liubove and Papadakakie, Maria and Ramiro, Lucia and  Reis, Marta and Symons, Katrien and Tomaszewska, Paulina and Vicario-Molina, Isabel and Zygad\unmatched{0142}o, Andrzej},
  issn         = {1369-1058},
  journal      = {Culture, Health \& Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care},
  keyword      = {sexual aggression,European Union,multi-level correlates,young people,sexual victimisation,ASSERTIVENESS SCALE SAS,UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS,COLLEGE-WOMEN,MEN,VIOLENCE,ASSAULT,CONTEXT,IMPACT,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {682--699},
  publisher    = {ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR \& FRANCIS LTD},
  title        = {Prevalence and correlates of young people's sexual aggression perpetration and victimisation in 10 European countries: a multi-level analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2014.989265},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2015},
}

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