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Diversity and out-group attitudes in the Netherlands: the role of authoritarianism and social threat in the neighbourhood

Jasper Van Assche (UGent) , Arne Roets (UGent) , Kristof Dhont (UGent) and Alain Van Hiel (UGent)
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Abstract
Previous studies have obtained divergent findings for the association between ethnic diversity and majority members' attitudes towards immigrants, suggesting that this relationship is moderated by individual or contextual difference variables. In a community sample of Dutch citizens (N = 399), we investigated the role of two potential moderators: right-wing authoritarianism and social threat in the local neighbourhood. Moreover, we assessed diversity and social threat in the neighbourhood with both subjective and objective measures. The results indicated that diversity was negatively related to positive attitudes towards immigrants among high authoritarians and among people experiencing their immediate environment as threatening. Conversely, diversity was positively related to out-group attitudes among low authoritarian individuals and among people residing in more secure neighbourhoods. The theoretical and practical implications of these person-environment and environment-environment interactions are discussed.
Keywords
Social Threat in the Neighbourhood, Authoritarianism, Diversity, Out-Group Attitudes

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Chicago
Van Assche, Jasper, Arne Roets, Kristof Dhont, and Alain Van Hiel. 2014. “Diversity and Out-group Attitudes in the Netherlands: The Role of Authoritarianism and Social Threat in the Neighbourhood.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 40 (9): 1414–1430.
APA
Van Assche, Jasper, Roets, A., Dhont, K., & Van Hiel, A. (2014). Diversity and out-group attitudes in the Netherlands: the role of authoritarianism and social threat in the neighbourhood. JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES, 40(9), 1414–1430.
Vancouver
1.
Van Assche J, Roets A, Dhont K, Van Hiel A. Diversity and out-group attitudes in the Netherlands: the role of authoritarianism and social threat in the neighbourhood. JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES. 2014;40(9):1414–30.
MLA
Van Assche, Jasper, Arne Roets, Kristof Dhont, et al. “Diversity and Out-group Attitudes in the Netherlands: The Role of Authoritarianism and Social Threat in the Neighbourhood.” JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES 40.9 (2014): 1414–1430. Print.
@article{5815296,
  abstract     = {Previous studies have obtained divergent findings for the association between ethnic diversity and majority members' attitudes towards immigrants, suggesting that this relationship is moderated by individual or contextual difference variables. In a community sample of Dutch citizens (N = 399), we investigated the role of two potential moderators: right-wing authoritarianism and social threat in the local neighbourhood. Moreover, we assessed diversity and social threat in the neighbourhood with both subjective and objective measures. The results indicated that diversity was negatively related to positive attitudes towards immigrants among high authoritarians and among people experiencing their immediate environment as threatening. Conversely, diversity was positively related to out-group attitudes among low authoritarian individuals and among people residing in more secure neighbourhoods. The theoretical and practical implications of these person-environment and environment-environment interactions are discussed.},
  author       = {Van Assche, Jasper and Roets, Arne and Dhont, Kristof and Van Hiel, Alain},
  issn         = {1369-183X},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1414--1430},
  title        = {Diversity and out-group attitudes in the Netherlands: the role of authoritarianism and social threat in the neighbourhood},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2013.876895},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2014},
}

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