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Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures

(2015) MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. 39(2). p.216-236
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Abstract
The present study investigated whether satisfaction and frustration of the psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence, as identified within Basic Psychological Need Theory (BPNT; Deci and Ryan, Psychol Inquiry 11:227-268, 2000; Ryan and Deci, Psychol Inquiry 11:319-338, 2000), contributes to participants' well-being and ill-being, regardless of their cultural background and interpersonal differences in need strength, as indexed by either need valuation (i.e., the stated importance of the need to the person) or need desire (i.e., the desire to get a need met). In Study 1, involving late adolescents from Belgium and China (total N = 685; Mean age = 17 years), autonomy and competence satisfaction had unique associations with well-being and individual differences in need valuation did not moderate these associations. Study 2 involved participants from four culturally diverse nations (Belgium, China, USA, and Peru; total N = 1,051; Mean age = 20 years). Results provided evidence for the measurement equivalence of an adapted scale tapping into both need satisfaction and need frustration. Satisfaction of each of the three needs was found to contribute uniquely to the prediction of well-being, whereas frustration of each of the three needs contributed uniquely to the prediction of ill-being. Consistent with Study 1, the effects of need satisfaction and need frustration were found to be equivalent across the four countries and were not moderated by individual differences in the desire for need satisfaction. These findings underscore BPNT's universality claim, which states that the satisfaction of basic needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence represent essential nutrients for optimal functioning across cultures and across individual differences in need strength.
Keywords
DETERMINATION THEORY PERSPECTIVE, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, BINGE-EATING SYMPTOMS, INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, ADOLESCENT AUTONOMY, INTERVENING ROLE, CHOICE, RELATEDNESS, VITALITY, SCALE, Basic psychological need satisfaction, Need frustration, Psychological well-being, Need strength, Needs Universality

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Chen, Beiwen, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Wim Beyers, et al. “Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Need Frustration, and Need Strength Across Four Cultures.” MOTIVATION AND EMOTION 39.2 (2015): 216–236. Print.
APA
Chen, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Beyers, W., Boone, L., Deci, E. L., Duriez, B., Lens, W., et al. (2015). Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION, 39(2), 216–236.
Chicago author-date
Chen, Beiwen, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Wim Beyers, Liesbet Boone, Edward L Deci, Bart Duriez, Willy Lens, et al. 2015. “Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Need Frustration, and Need Strength Across Four Cultures.” Motivation and Emotion 39 (2): 216–236.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Chen, Beiwen, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Wim Beyers, Liesbet Boone, Edward L Deci, Bart Duriez, Willy Lens, Lennia Matos, Athanasis Mouratidis, Richard M Ryan, Kennon M Sheldon, Bart Soenens, Stijn Van Petegem, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, and Joke Verstuyf. 2015. “Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Need Frustration, and Need Strength Across Four Cultures.” Motivation and Emotion 39 (2): 216–236.
Vancouver
1.
Chen B, Vansteenkiste M, Beyers W, Boone L, Deci EL, Duriez B, et al. Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. 2015;39(2):216–36.
IEEE
[1]
B. Chen et al., “Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures,” MOTIVATION AND EMOTION, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 216–236, 2015.
@article{5815011,
  abstract     = {The present study investigated whether satisfaction and frustration of the psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence, as identified within Basic Psychological Need Theory (BPNT; Deci and Ryan, Psychol Inquiry 11:227-268, 2000; Ryan and Deci, Psychol Inquiry 11:319-338, 2000), contributes to participants' well-being and ill-being, regardless of their cultural background and interpersonal differences in need strength, as indexed by either need valuation (i.e., the stated importance of the need to the person) or need desire (i.e., the desire to get a need met). In Study 1, involving late adolescents from Belgium and China (total N = 685; Mean age = 17 years), autonomy and competence satisfaction had unique associations with well-being and individual differences in need valuation did not moderate these associations. Study 2 involved participants from four culturally diverse nations (Belgium, China, USA, and Peru; total N = 1,051; Mean age = 20 years). Results provided evidence for the measurement equivalence of an adapted scale tapping into both need satisfaction and need frustration. Satisfaction of each of the three needs was found to contribute uniquely to the prediction of well-being, whereas frustration of each of the three needs contributed uniquely to the prediction of ill-being. Consistent with Study 1, the effects of need satisfaction and need frustration were found to be equivalent across the four countries and were not moderated by individual differences in the desire for need satisfaction. These findings underscore BPNT's universality claim, which states that the satisfaction of basic needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence represent essential nutrients for optimal functioning across cultures and across individual differences in need strength.},
  author       = {Chen, Beiwen and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Beyers, Wim and Boone, Liesbet and Deci, Edward L and Duriez, Bart and Lens, Willy and Matos, Lennia and Mouratidis, Athanasis and Ryan, Richard M and Sheldon, Kennon M and Soenens, Bart and Van Petegem, Stijn and Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene and Verstuyf, Joke},
  issn         = {0146-7239},
  journal      = {MOTIVATION AND EMOTION},
  keywords     = {DETERMINATION THEORY PERSPECTIVE,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,BINGE-EATING SYMPTOMS,INTRINSIC MOTIVATION,ADOLESCENT AUTONOMY,INTERVENING ROLE,CHOICE,RELATEDNESS,VITALITY,SCALE,Basic psychological need satisfaction,Need frustration,Psychological well-being,Need strength,Needs Universality},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {216--236},
  title        = {Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-014-9450-1},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2015},
}

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