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Education, mental health, and education–labor market misfit

Piet Bracke (UGent) , Vera van de Straat (UGent) and Sarah Missinne (UGent)
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Abstract
Higher-educated people experience enhanced mental health. We ponder whether the mental health benefits of educational attainment are limitless. At the individual level, we look at the impact of jobeducation mismatch. At the societal level, we hypothesize that diminishing economic returns on education limit its mental health benefits. Using a subsample of individuals aged 20 to 65 years (N = 28,288) from 21 countries in the European Social Survey (ESS 2006), we estimate the impact on depressive symptoms of characteristics at both the employee level (years of education and job-education mismatch) and the labor market/country level (the gap between the nontertiary and tertiary educated in terms of unemployment risks and earnings). The results show that educational attainment produces mental health benefits in most European countries. However, in some of the countries, these benefits are limited or even completely eliminated by education–labor market misfit.
Keywords
INCOME INEQUALITY, JOB POLARIZATION, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, CAREER MOBILITY, OVER-EDUCATION, SOCIAL-CLASS, EUROPE, OVEREDUCATION, COUNTRIES, comparative research, cross-national, education, mental health, social epidemiology

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MLA
Bracke, Piet, Vera van de Straat, and Sarah Missinne. “Education, Mental Health, and Education–labor Market Misfit.” JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR 55.4 (2014): 442–459. Print.
APA
Bracke, P., van de Straat, V., & Missinne, S. (2014). Education, mental health, and education–labor market misfit. JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, 55(4), 442–459.
Chicago author-date
Bracke, Piet, Vera van de Straat, and Sarah Missinne. 2014. “Education, Mental Health, and Education–labor Market Misfit.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 55 (4): 442–459.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bracke, Piet, Vera van de Straat, and Sarah Missinne. 2014. “Education, Mental Health, and Education–labor Market Misfit.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 55 (4): 442–459.
Vancouver
1.
Bracke P, van de Straat V, Missinne S. Education, mental health, and education–labor market misfit. JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR. 2014;55(4):442–59.
IEEE
[1]
P. Bracke, V. van de Straat, and S. Missinne, “Education, mental health, and education–labor market misfit,” JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 442–459, 2014.
@article{5814266,
  abstract     = {Higher-educated people experience enhanced mental health. We ponder whether the mental health benefits of educational attainment are limitless. At the individual level, we look at the impact of jobeducation mismatch. At the societal level, we hypothesize that diminishing economic returns on education limit its mental health benefits. Using a subsample of individuals aged 20 to 65 years (N = 28,288) from 21 countries in the European Social Survey (ESS 2006), we estimate the impact on depressive symptoms of characteristics at both the employee level (years of education and job-education mismatch) and the labor market/country level (the gap between the nontertiary and tertiary educated in terms of unemployment risks and earnings). The results show that educational attainment produces mental health benefits in most European countries. However, in some of the countries, these benefits are limited or even completely eliminated by education–labor market misfit.},
  author       = {Bracke, Piet and van de Straat, Vera and Missinne, Sarah},
  issn         = {0022-1465},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {INCOME INEQUALITY,JOB POLARIZATION,DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,CAREER MOBILITY,OVER-EDUCATION,SOCIAL-CLASS,EUROPE,OVEREDUCATION,COUNTRIES,comparative research,cross-national,education,mental health,social epidemiology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {442--459},
  title        = {Education, mental health, and education–labor market misfit},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022146514557332},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2014},
}

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