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What's on your mind? Recent advances in memory detection using the concealed information test

(2014) EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGIST. 19(3). p.162-171
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Abstract
Lie detectors can be applied in a wide variety of settings. But this advantage comes with a considerable cost: False positives. The applicability of the Concealed Information Test (CIT) is More limited, yet when it can be applied, the risk of false accusations can be set a priori at a very low level. The CIT assesses the recognition of; critical information that is known only by the examiners and the culprit, for example, the face a an accomplice. Large effects are Obtained with the CIT, whether combined with peripheral, brain, or Motor responses. We see three important challenges for the CIT. First, the false negative rate Of the CIT can be substantial, particularly under :realistic circumstantes. A possible solution Seems to restrict the CIT to highly Salient details. Second, there exist effective faking strategies. Future research will tell whether faking can be detected or even prevented (e.g., Using Overt measures). Third, recognition of critical crime detail's does not necessarily result from criminal activity. It is therefore important to properly embed the CIT in the investigative process, While taking care when drawing conclusions from the test outcome (recognition, not guilt).
Keywords
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, SKIN-CONDUCTANCE, ORIENTING RESPONSE, GUILTY KNOWLEDGE TEST, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DETECTION, PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES, POLYGRAPH TEST, DECEPTION, VALIDITY, COUNTERMEASURES, deception, guilty knowledge, concealed information, memory detection, Concealed Information Test (CIT)

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Verschuere, Bruno, and Ewout H. Meijer. “What’s on Your Mind? Recent Advances in Memory Detection Using the Concealed Information Test.” EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGIST 19.3 (2014): 162–171. Print.
APA
Verschuere, Bruno, & Meijer, E. H. (2014). What’s on your mind? Recent advances in memory detection using the concealed information test. EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGIST, 19(3), 162–171.
Chicago author-date
Verschuere, Bruno, and Ewout H. Meijer. 2014. “What’s on Your Mind? Recent Advances in Memory Detection Using the Concealed Information Test.” European Psychologist 19 (3): 162–171.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verschuere, Bruno, and Ewout H. Meijer. 2014. “What’s on Your Mind? Recent Advances in Memory Detection Using the Concealed Information Test.” European Psychologist 19 (3): 162–171.
Vancouver
1.
Verschuere B, Meijer EH. What’s on your mind? Recent advances in memory detection using the concealed information test. EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGIST. 2014;19(3):162–71.
IEEE
[1]
B. Verschuere and E. H. Meijer, “What’s on your mind? Recent advances in memory detection using the concealed information test,” EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGIST, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 162–171, 2014.
@article{5813100,
  abstract     = {Lie detectors can be applied in a wide variety of settings. But this advantage comes with a considerable cost: False positives. The applicability of the Concealed Information Test (CIT) is More limited, yet when it can be applied, the risk of false accusations can be set a priori at a very low level. The CIT assesses the recognition of; critical information that is known only by the examiners and the culprit, for example, the face a an accomplice. Large effects are Obtained with the CIT, whether combined with peripheral, brain, or Motor responses. We see three important challenges for the CIT. First, the false negative rate Of the CIT can be substantial, particularly under :realistic circumstantes. A possible solution Seems to restrict the CIT to highly Salient details. Second, there exist effective faking strategies. Future research will tell whether faking can be detected or even prevented (e.g., Using Overt measures). Third, recognition of critical crime detail's does not necessarily result from criminal activity. It is therefore important to properly embed the CIT in the investigative process, While taking care when drawing conclusions from the test outcome (recognition, not guilt).},
  author       = {Verschuere, Bruno and Meijer, Ewout H.},
  issn         = {1016-9040},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGIST},
  keywords     = {INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,SKIN-CONDUCTANCE,ORIENTING RESPONSE,GUILTY KNOWLEDGE TEST,PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DETECTION,PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES,POLYGRAPH TEST,DECEPTION,VALIDITY,COUNTERMEASURES,deception,guilty knowledge,concealed information,memory detection,Concealed Information Test (CIT)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {162--171},
  title        = {What's on your mind? Recent advances in memory detection using the concealed information test},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040/a000194},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2014},
}

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