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Toward a systematized framework for resource efficiency indicators

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Abstract
The transition toward resource efficient production and consumption patterns is currently one of the main challenges in engineering, environmental science and especially in governmental policies. This transition has led to a proliferation of meanings related to the resource efficiency concept, resulting in a wide variety of indicators. In this paper, we propose a systematized framework in which resource efficiency indicators can be structured and comprehensively positioned. The aim is to provide a proper understanding of the scope and limitations of particular existing resource efficiency indicators in order to assist policy makers and the scientific community in the application and further development of indicators. This framework covers all different resource use-related aspects evaluated in existing approaches, including simple accounting of resource extraction and use; environmental impact assessment due to resource extraction and use; accounting and environmental impact assessment of specific processes and of full supply chains; analyses at micro-scale and macro-scale; and analysis of both natural resources versus waste-as-resources. To illustrate the potential application of the framework, a set of currently used indicators was selected, whereupon these indicators were structured and evaluated within the framework.
Keywords
BALANCE MODEL, PRECIPITATION VARIABILITY, SOUTHERN BRAZIL, SIDE MANAGEMENT POLICIES, SCALE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION, POTABLE WATER SAVINGS, Portugal, Single-family residence, Payback period, Rainwater harvesting, Water savings, INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY, RELIABILITY-ANALYSIS, COLLECTION SYSTEM, WINTER RAINFALL

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MLA
Huysman, Sofie, Serenella Sala, Lucia Mancini, et al. “Toward a Systematized Framework for Resource Efficiency Indicators.” RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING 95 (2015): 68–76. Print.
APA
Huysman, Sofie, Sala, S., Mancini, L., Ardente, F., Freitas de Alvarenga, R., De Meester, S., Mathieux, F., et al. (2015). Toward a systematized framework for resource efficiency indicators. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, 95, 68–76.
Chicago author-date
Huysman, Sofie, Serenella Sala, Lucia Mancini, Fulvio Ardente, Rodrigo Freitas de Alvarenga, Steven De Meester, Fabrice Mathieux, and Jo Dewulf. 2015. “Toward a Systematized Framework for Resource Efficiency Indicators.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 95: 68–76.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Huysman, Sofie, Serenella Sala, Lucia Mancini, Fulvio Ardente, Rodrigo Freitas de Alvarenga, Steven De Meester, Fabrice Mathieux, and Jo Dewulf. 2015. “Toward a Systematized Framework for Resource Efficiency Indicators.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 95: 68–76.
Vancouver
1.
Huysman S, Sala S, Mancini L, Ardente F, Freitas de Alvarenga R, De Meester S, et al. Toward a systematized framework for resource efficiency indicators. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING. 2015;95:68–76.
IEEE
[1]
S. Huysman et al., “Toward a systematized framework for resource efficiency indicators,” RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, vol. 95, pp. 68–76, 2015.
@article{5809214,
  abstract     = {The transition toward resource efficient production and consumption patterns is currently one of the main challenges in engineering, environmental science and especially in governmental policies. This transition has led to a proliferation of meanings related to the resource efficiency concept, resulting in a wide variety of indicators. In this paper, we propose a systematized framework in which resource efficiency indicators can be structured and comprehensively positioned. The aim is to provide a proper understanding of the scope and limitations of particular existing resource efficiency indicators in order to assist policy makers and the scientific community in the application and further development of indicators. This framework covers all different resource use-related aspects evaluated in existing approaches, including simple accounting of resource extraction and use; environmental impact assessment due to resource extraction and use; accounting and environmental impact assessment of specific processes and of full supply chains; analyses at micro-scale and macro-scale; and analysis of both natural resources versus waste-as-resources. To illustrate the potential application of the framework, a set of currently used indicators was selected, whereupon these indicators were structured and evaluated within the framework.},
  author       = {Huysman, Sofie and Sala, Serenella and Mancini, Lucia and Ardente, Fulvio and Freitas de Alvarenga, Rodrigo and De Meester, Steven and Mathieux, Fabrice and Dewulf, Jo},
  issn         = {0921-3449},
  journal      = {RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING},
  keywords     = {BALANCE MODEL,PRECIPITATION VARIABILITY,SOUTHERN BRAZIL,SIDE MANAGEMENT POLICIES,SCALE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION,POTABLE WATER SAVINGS,Portugal,Single-family residence,Payback period,Rainwater harvesting,Water savings,INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY,RELIABILITY-ANALYSIS,COLLECTION SYSTEM,WINTER RAINFALL},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {68--76},
  title        = {Toward a systematized framework for resource efficiency indicators},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.10.014},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2015},
}

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