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Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education

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Abstract
Creating environments in physical education (PE) that foster perceived competence and physical activity during gender-mixed game play lessons is a challenge, especially with adolescent girls. This study is a small experiment in one PE lesson that aimed to increase the perceived competence and in-class physical activity in girls, by applying a single-gender grouping strategy within co-educational classes. A final sample of 216 students (90 girls; 42%) within 13 classes in grades 7-9 (age 11-15) played basketball in mixed-gender and in single-gender teams. The effects on participant's perceived competence and moderate-to-vigorous activity (MVPA) were assessed using questionnaires and heart rate monitors, respectively. Although girls' perceived competence was lower than that of boys, girls' perceived competence increased during single-gender game play. Physical activity levels were high during both mixed-gender and single-gender game play. Playing invasion games (i.e. basketball, handball, soccer) in gender-specific groups could be a useful strategy for PE teachers to implement into their lessons, in order to improve girls' perceived competence during invasion games.
Keywords
HEART-RATES, AUTONOMY SUPPORT, PERCEPTION PROFILE, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, CHILDRENS INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, training, skill development, physical education, motivation, mixed-gender sports, invasion games, heart rate, competence, Adolescence, ADOLESCENTS, GIRLS, HEALTH, MODEL, STUDENTS

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Chicago
Slingerland, Menno, Leen Haerens, Greet Cardon, and Lars Borghouts. 2014. “Differences in Perceived Competence and Physical Activity Levels During Single-gender Modified Basketball Game Play in Middle School Physical Education.” European Physical Education Review 20 (1): 20–35.
APA
Slingerland, M., Haerens, L., Cardon, G., & Borghouts, L. (2014). Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL EDUCATION REVIEW, 20(1), 20–35.
Vancouver
1.
Slingerland M, Haerens L, Cardon G, Borghouts L. Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL EDUCATION REVIEW. 2014;20(1):20–35.
MLA
Slingerland, Menno, Leen Haerens, Greet Cardon, et al. “Differences in Perceived Competence and Physical Activity Levels During Single-gender Modified Basketball Game Play in Middle School Physical Education.” EUROPEAN PHYSICAL EDUCATION REVIEW 20.1 (2014): 20–35. Print.
@article{5807958,
  abstract     = {Creating environments in physical education (PE) that foster perceived competence and physical activity during gender-mixed game play lessons is a challenge, especially with adolescent girls. This study is a small experiment in one PE lesson that aimed to increase the perceived competence and in-class physical activity in girls, by applying a single-gender grouping strategy within co-educational classes. A final sample of 216 students (90 girls; 42\%) within 13 classes in grades 7-9 (age 11-15) played basketball in mixed-gender and in single-gender teams. The effects on participant's perceived competence and moderate-to-vigorous activity (MVPA) were assessed using questionnaires and heart rate monitors, respectively. Although girls' perceived competence was lower than that of boys, girls' perceived competence increased during single-gender game play. Physical activity levels were high during both mixed-gender and single-gender game play. Playing invasion games (i.e. basketball, handball, soccer) in gender-specific groups could be a useful strategy for PE teachers to implement into their lessons, in order to improve girls' perceived competence during invasion games.},
  author       = {Slingerland, Menno and Haerens, Leen and Cardon, Greet and Borghouts, Lars},
  issn         = {1356-336X},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN PHYSICAL EDUCATION REVIEW},
  keyword      = {HEART-RATES,AUTONOMY SUPPORT,PERCEPTION PROFILE,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,CHILDRENS INTRINSIC MOTIVATION,training,skill development,physical education,motivation,mixed-gender sports,invasion games,heart rate,competence,Adolescence,ADOLESCENTS,GIRLS,HEALTH,MODEL,STUDENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {20--35},
  title        = {Differences in perceived competence and physical activity levels during single-gender modified basketball game play in middle school physical education},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1356336X13496000},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2014},
}

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