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The congruency sequence effect 3.0: a critical test of conflict adaptation

Wout Duthoo (UGent) , Elger Abrahamse (UGent) , Senne Braem (UGent) , Nico Böhler (UGent) and Wim Notebaert (UGent)
(2014) PLOS ONE. 9(10).
Author
Organization
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The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
Over the last two decades, the congruency sequence effect (CSE) -the finding of a reduced congruency effect following incongruent trials in conflict tasks- has played a central role in advancing research on cognitive control. According to the influential conflict-monitoring account, the CSE reflects adjustments in selective attention that enhance task focus when needed, often termed conflict adaptation. However, this dominant interpretation of the CSE has been called into question by several alternative accounts that stress the role of episodic memory processes: feature binding and (stimulus-response) contingency learning. To evaluate the notion of conflict adaptation in accounting for the CSE, we construed versions of three widely used experimental paradigms (the colour-word Stroop, picture-word Stroop and flanker task) that effectively control for feature binding and contingency learning. Results revealed that a CSE can emerge in all three tasks. This strongly suggests a contribution of attentional control to the CSE and highlights the potential of these unprecedentedly clean paradigms for further examining cognitive control.
Keywords
SIMON TASK, PROPORTION CONGRUENT, COGNITIVE CONTROL, RESPONSE ACTIVATION, FLANKER TASK, CONTINGENCY, INTEGRATION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Duthoo, Wout, Elger Abrahamse, Senne Braem, Nico Böhler, and Wim Notebaert. 2014. “The Congruency Sequence Effect 3.0: a Critical Test of Conflict Adaptation.” Plos One 9 (10).
APA
Duthoo, W., Abrahamse, E., Braem, S., Böhler, N., & Notebaert, W. (2014). The congruency sequence effect 3.0: a critical test of conflict adaptation. PLOS ONE, 9(10).
Vancouver
1.
Duthoo W, Abrahamse E, Braem S, Böhler N, Notebaert W. The congruency sequence effect 3.0: a critical test of conflict adaptation. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(10).
MLA
Duthoo, Wout et al. “The Congruency Sequence Effect 3.0: a Critical Test of Conflict Adaptation.” PLOS ONE 9.10 (2014): n. pag. Print.
@article{5802362,
  abstract     = {Over the last two decades, the congruency sequence effect (CSE) -the finding of a reduced congruency effect following incongruent trials in conflict tasks- has played a central role in advancing research on cognitive control. According to the influential conflict-monitoring account, the CSE reflects adjustments in selective attention that enhance task focus when needed, often termed conflict adaptation. However, this dominant interpretation of the CSE has been called into question by several alternative accounts that stress the role of episodic memory processes: feature binding and (stimulus-response) contingency learning. To evaluate the notion of conflict adaptation in accounting for the CSE, we construed versions of three widely used experimental paradigms (the colour-word Stroop, picture-word Stroop and flanker task) that effectively control for feature binding and contingency learning. Results revealed that a CSE can emerge in all three tasks. This strongly suggests a contribution of attentional control to the CSE and highlights the potential of these unprecedentedly clean paradigms for further examining cognitive control.},
  articleno    = {e110462},
  author       = {Duthoo, Wout and Abrahamse, Elger and Braem, Senne and B{\"o}hler, Nico and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {The congruency sequence effect 3.0: a critical test of conflict adaptation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110462},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

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