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Energy balance related behaviour : personal, home- and friend-related factors among schoolchildren in Europe studied in the ENERGY-project

(2014) PLOS ONE. 9(11).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Objective: To design interventions that target energy balance-related behaviours, knowledge of primary schoolchildren's perceptions regarding soft drink intake, fruit juice intake, breakfast consumption, TV viewing and physical activity (PA) is essential. The current study describes personal beliefs and attitudes, home-and friend-related variables regarding these behaviours across Europe. Design: Cross-sectional study in which personal, family and friend-related variables were assessed by validated questionnaires, and dichotomized as favourable versus unfavourable answers. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate proportions of children giving unfavourable answers and test between-country differences. Setting: A survey in eight European countries. Subjects: A total of 7903 10-12 year old primary schoolchildren. Results: A majority of the children reported unfavourable attitudes, preferences and subjective norms regarding soft drink, fruit juice intake and TV viewing accompanied with high availability and accessibility at home. Few children reported unfavourable attitudes and preferences regarding breakfast consumption and PA. Many children reported unfavourable health beliefs regarding breakfast consumption and TV viewing. Substantial differences between countries were observed, especially for variables regarding soft drink intake, breakfast consumption and TV viewing. Conclusion: The surveyed children demonstrated favourable attitudes to some healthy behaviours (PA, breakfast intake) as well as to some unhealthy behaviours (soft drink consumption, TV viewing). Additionally, many children across Europe have personal beliefs and are exposed to social environments that are not supportive to engagement in healthy behaviours. Moreover, the large differences in personal, family and friend-related variables across Europe argue for implementing different strategies in the different European countries.
Keywords
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SOFT DRINK CONSUMPTION, BREAKFAST CONSUMPTION, OBESITY, CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, 7 COUNTRIES, BEVERAGE CONSUMPTION, BODY-WEIGHT, ENVIRONMENTAL PREDICTORS

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MLA
te Velde, Saskia J et al. “Energy Balance Related Behaviour : Personal, Home- and Friend-related Factors Among Schoolchildren in Europe Studied in the ENERGY-project.” PLOS ONE 9.11 (2014): n. pag. Print.
APA
te Velde, S. J., Singh, A., Chinapaw, M. J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Jan, N., Kovacs, E., Bere, E., et al. (2014). Energy balance related behaviour : personal, home- and friend-related factors among schoolchildren in Europe studied in the ENERGY-project. PLOS ONE, 9(11).
Chicago author-date
te Velde, Saskia J, Amika Singh, Mai JM Chinapaw, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Natasa Jan, Eva Kovacs, Elling Bere, et al. 2014. “Energy Balance Related Behaviour : Personal, Home- and Friend-related Factors Among Schoolchildren in Europe Studied in the ENERGY-project.” Plos One 9 (11).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
te Velde, Saskia J, Amika Singh, Mai JM Chinapaw, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Natasa Jan, Eva Kovacs, Elling Bere, Froydis N Vik, Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Yannis Manios, Luis Moreno, and Johannes Brug. 2014. “Energy Balance Related Behaviour : Personal, Home- and Friend-related Factors Among Schoolchildren in Europe Studied in the ENERGY-project.” Plos One 9 (11).
Vancouver
1.
te Velde SJ, Singh A, Chinapaw MJ, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Jan N, Kovacs E, et al. Energy balance related behaviour : personal, home- and friend-related factors among schoolchildren in Europe studied in the ENERGY-project. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(11).
IEEE
[1]
S. J. te Velde et al., “Energy balance related behaviour : personal, home- and friend-related factors among schoolchildren in Europe studied in the ENERGY-project,” PLOS ONE, vol. 9, no. 11, 2014.
@article{5799408,
  abstract     = {Objective: To design interventions that target energy balance-related behaviours, knowledge of primary schoolchildren's perceptions regarding soft drink intake, fruit juice intake, breakfast consumption, TV viewing and physical activity (PA) is essential. The current study describes personal beliefs and attitudes, home-and friend-related variables regarding these behaviours across Europe. 
Design: Cross-sectional study in which personal, family and friend-related variables were assessed by validated questionnaires, and dichotomized as favourable versus unfavourable answers. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate proportions of children giving unfavourable answers and test between-country differences. 
Setting: A survey in eight European countries. 
Subjects: A total of 7903 10-12 year old primary schoolchildren. 
Results: A majority of the children reported unfavourable attitudes, preferences and subjective norms regarding soft drink, fruit juice intake and TV viewing accompanied with high availability and accessibility at home. Few children reported unfavourable attitudes and preferences regarding breakfast consumption and PA. Many children reported unfavourable health beliefs regarding breakfast consumption and TV viewing. Substantial differences between countries were observed, especially for variables regarding soft drink intake, breakfast consumption and TV viewing. 
Conclusion: The surveyed children demonstrated favourable attitudes to some healthy behaviours (PA, breakfast intake) as well as to some unhealthy behaviours (soft drink consumption, TV viewing). Additionally, many children across Europe have personal beliefs and are exposed to social environments that are not supportive to engagement in healthy behaviours. Moreover, the large differences in personal, family and friend-related variables across Europe argue for implementing different strategies in the different European countries.},
  articleno    = {e111775},
  author       = {te Velde, Saskia J and Singh, Amika and Chinapaw, Mai JM and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Jan, Natasa and Kovacs, Eva and Bere, Elling and Vik, Froydis N and Bringolf-Isler, Bettina and Manios, Yannis and Moreno, Luis and Brug, Johannes},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SOFT DRINK CONSUMPTION,BREAKFAST CONSUMPTION,OBESITY,CHILDREN,ADOLESCENTS,7 COUNTRIES,BEVERAGE CONSUMPTION,BODY-WEIGHT,ENVIRONMENTAL PREDICTORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {15},
  title        = {Energy balance related behaviour : personal, home- and friend-related factors among schoolchildren in Europe studied in the ENERGY-project},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111775},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

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