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Differences in beliefs and home environments regarding energy balance behaviors according to parental education and ethnicity among schoolchildren in Europe : the ENERGY cross sectional study

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Abstract
Background: To explore differences in personal and home environmental factors that are regarded as determinants of energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) according to parental education and ethnic background among 10-12 year old schoolchildren across Europe. Methods: A school-based survey among 10-12 year olds was conducted in eight countries across Europe. A range of personal and home environment variables relevant for soft drink consumption, daily breakfast, sport participation and TV time was assessed by means of child report. Personal factors included attitude, health beliefs, and preference/liking. Home environment factors included parental subjective norm, modeling, support, practices and home availability. Children were classified based on parental education (i. e., low vs. high) and ethnic background (i. e., native vs. non-native). Data from 6018 children originating from 83 schools were included in the analyses. Results: Multilevel logistic regression analyses showed that the majority of the factors tested -and especially home environment variables- were more favorable among children from higher educated parents and from native ethnicity. None of the personal and home environment factors was found to be more favorable among children from lower educated parents or non-native ethnicity. Conclusions: The present study indicates that schoolchildren from lower educated and non-native parents across Europe have EBRB-related beliefs and are exposed to home environments that are less favorable for engagement in healthy EBRBs.
Keywords
Home environments, Schoolchildren, Beliefs, Parental education, Ethnicity, Energy-balance behaviors, SCHOOL-BASED INTERVENTIONS, TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, LIFE-STYLE, WEIGHT STATUS, SPORTS PARTICIPATION, CONSTRUCT-VALIDITY, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, DUTCH ADOLESCENTS, YOUNG-PEOPLE

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Chicago
Brug, Johannes, Léonie Uijtdewilligen, Maartje van Stralen, Amika S Singh, Mai JM ChinAPaw, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Nanna Lien, et al. 2014. “Differences in Beliefs and Home Environments Regarding Energy Balance Behaviors According to Parental Education and Ethnicity Among Schoolchildren in Europe : the ENERGY Cross Sectional Study.” Bmc Public Health 14.
APA
Brug, J., Uijtdewilligen, L., van Stralen, M., Singh, A. S., ChinAPaw, M. J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Lien, N., et al. (2014). Differences in beliefs and home environments regarding energy balance behaviors according to parental education and ethnicity among schoolchildren in Europe : the ENERGY cross sectional study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 14.
Vancouver
1.
Brug J, Uijtdewilligen L, van Stralen M, Singh AS, ChinAPaw MJ, De Bourdeaudhuij I, et al. Differences in beliefs and home environments regarding energy balance behaviors according to parental education and ethnicity among schoolchildren in Europe : the ENERGY cross sectional study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2014;14.
MLA
Brug, Johannes et al. “Differences in Beliefs and Home Environments Regarding Energy Balance Behaviors According to Parental Education and Ethnicity Among Schoolchildren in Europe : the ENERGY Cross Sectional Study.” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14 (2014): n. pag. Print.
@article{5797399,
  abstract     = {Background: To explore differences in personal and home environmental factors that are regarded as determinants of energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) according to parental education and ethnic background among 10-12 year old schoolchildren across Europe. 
Methods: A school-based survey among 10-12 year olds was conducted in eight countries across Europe. A range of personal and home environment variables relevant for soft drink consumption, daily breakfast, sport participation and TV time was assessed by means of child report. Personal factors included attitude, health beliefs, and preference/liking. Home environment factors included parental subjective norm, modeling, support, practices and home availability. Children were classified based on parental education (i. e., low vs. high) and ethnic background (i. e., native vs. non-native). Data from 6018 children originating from 83 schools were included in the analyses. 
Results: Multilevel logistic regression analyses showed that the majority of the factors tested -and especially home environment variables- were more favorable among children from higher educated parents and from native ethnicity. None of the personal and home environment factors was found to be more favorable among children from lower educated parents or non-native ethnicity. 
Conclusions: The present study indicates that schoolchildren from lower educated and non-native parents across Europe have EBRB-related beliefs and are exposed to home environments that are less favorable for engagement in healthy EBRBs.},
  articleno    = {610},
  author       = {Brug, Johannes and Uijtdewilligen, L{\'e}onie and van Stralen, Maartje and Singh, Amika S and ChinAPaw, Mai JM and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Lien, Nanna and Bere, Elling and Maes, Lea and Fern{\'a}ndez-Alvira, Juan M and Jan, Nata\v{s}a and Kovacs, Eva and D{\"o}ssegger, Alain and Manios, Yannis and te Velde, Saskia J},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Differences in beliefs and home environments regarding energy balance behaviors according to parental education and ethnicity among schoolchildren in Europe : the ENERGY cross sectional study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-610},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2014},
}

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