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A longitudinal study of gross motor coordination and weight status in children

Eva D'Hondt (UGent) , Benedicte Deforche (UGent) , Ilse Gentier (UGent) , Joke Verstuyf (UGent) , Roel Vaeyens (UGent) , Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij (UGent) , Renaat Philippaerts (UGent) and Matthieu Lenoir (UGent)
(2014) OBESITY. 22(6). p.1505-1511
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Abstract
Objective: This longitudinal study investigated the interrelationship between children's weight status and level of gross motor coordination over time, taking baseline physical activity (PA) into account as a possible mediator. Methods: Baseline measurements were collected in 2517 children (5-13 years, 52.8% boys), including (1) body height and weight to calculate body mass index (BMI) z-scores, (2) gross motor coordination using the Korperkoordinationstest fur Kinder (KTK), (3) total PA estimated by a questionnaire. At follow-up, 754 participants (7-13 years, 50.8% boys) underwent anthropometric and KTK assessments again. Two hypothesized partial mediation models (i.e., KTK <-> PA <-> BMI z-score) were examined by multiple linear mixed models. Results: A lower performance on the KTK at baseline significantly predicted an increase in BMI z-score (B=-0.003, P=0.027). Conversely, a higher baseline BMI z-score also predicted a decrease in KTK performance (B=-1.792, P<0.001). Since total PA at baseline was not significantly related to initial KTK performance (B=1.628, P=0.134) nor BMI z-score (B=25.312, P=0.130), its mediating effect was not further explored. Conclusions: Our results strongly suggest that children's weight status negatively influences future level of gross motor coordination, and vice versa. Prevention and intervention initiatives should consider this reciprocal causal relationship across developmental time.
Keywords
PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN, FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, FUR KINDER, AGED 3, OBESE CHILDREN, OVERWEIGHT, PROFICIENCY, CHILDHOOD, BODY-MASS INDEX

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Chicago
D’Hondt, Eva, Benedicte Deforche, Ilse Gentier, Joke Verstuyf, Roel Vaeyens, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Renaat Philippaerts, and Matthieu Lenoir. 2014. “A Longitudinal Study of Gross Motor Coordination and Weight Status in Children.” Obesity 22 (6): 1505–1511.
APA
D’Hondt, E., Deforche, B., Gentier, I., Verstuyf, J., Vaeyens, R., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Philippaerts, R., et al. (2014). A longitudinal study of gross motor coordination and weight status in children. OBESITY, 22(6), 1505–1511.
Vancouver
1.
D’Hondt E, Deforche B, Gentier I, Verstuyf J, Vaeyens R, De Bourdeaudhuij I, et al. A longitudinal study of gross motor coordination and weight status in children. OBESITY. 2014;22(6):1505–11.
MLA
D’Hondt, Eva, Benedicte Deforche, Ilse Gentier, et al. “A Longitudinal Study of Gross Motor Coordination and Weight Status in Children.” OBESITY 22.6 (2014): 1505–1511. Print.
@article{5796002,
  abstract     = {Objective: This longitudinal study investigated the interrelationship between children's weight status and level of gross motor coordination over time, taking baseline physical activity (PA) into account as a possible mediator. 
Methods: Baseline measurements were collected in 2517 children (5-13 years, 52.8% boys), including (1) body height and weight to calculate body mass index (BMI) z-scores, (2) gross motor coordination using the Korperkoordinationstest fur Kinder (KTK), (3) total PA estimated by a questionnaire. At follow-up, 754 participants (7-13 years, 50.8% boys) underwent anthropometric and KTK assessments again. Two hypothesized partial mediation models (i.e., KTK <-> PA <-> BMI z-score) were examined by multiple linear mixed models. 
Results: A lower performance on the KTK at baseline significantly predicted an increase in BMI z-score (B=-0.003, P=0.027). Conversely, a higher baseline BMI z-score also predicted a decrease in KTK performance (B=-1.792, P<0.001). Since total PA at baseline was not significantly related to initial KTK performance (B=1.628, P=0.134) nor BMI z-score (B=25.312, P=0.130), its mediating effect was not further explored. 
Conclusions: Our results strongly suggest that children's weight status negatively influences future level of gross motor coordination, and vice versa. Prevention and intervention initiatives should consider this reciprocal causal relationship across developmental time.},
  author       = {D'Hondt, Eva and Deforche, Benedicte and Gentier, Ilse and Verstuyf, Joke and Vaeyens, Roel and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Philippaerts, Renaat and Lenoir, Matthieu},
  issn         = {1930-7381},
  journal      = {OBESITY},
  keywords     = {PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN,FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,FUR KINDER,AGED 3,OBESE CHILDREN,OVERWEIGHT,PROFICIENCY,CHILDHOOD,BODY-MASS INDEX},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1505--1511},
  title        = {A longitudinal study of gross motor coordination and weight status in children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.20723},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2014},
}

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