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Pathogen-specific incidence rate of clinical mastitis in Flemish dairy herds, severity, and association with herd hygiene

(2014) JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. 97(11). p.6926-6934
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Abstract
A one-year survey on clinical mastitis was conducted on 50 randomly selected commercial Flemish dairy herds to estimate the pathogen-specific incidence rate of clinical mastitis (IRCM). The severity of the cases and the potential associations with herd hygiene were studied. Participating producers sampled 845 cases and 692 dairy cows. The mean and median IRCM was estimated at 7.4 and 5.3 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk, respectively. A large between-herd variation was observed (range of 0-21.3). In general, the IRCM was lower in heifers compared with multiparous cows (2.9 vs. 11.0 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk). However, the overall IRCM in the first week after calving was higher in heifers compared with cows (43.4 vs. 31.6 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk). Streptococcus uberis (18.2% of the cases) and Escherichia coli (15.5%) were the most frequently isolated pathogens and no growth was observed in 19.9% of the cases. The majority of the cases (63.1%) were mild (only clots in milk). Moderate (hard quarter without general signs) and severe symptoms (systemic illness) were observed in 29.9 and 7.0% of the cases, respectively. Isolation of E. coli (vs. any other culture result) was more likely in moderate and severe cases compared with mild cases. Overall IRCM and E. coli IRCM were higher in dirty compared with clean herds based on udder hygiene scores (9.0 and 1.7 vs. 6.0 and 0.6 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk, respectively). This study broadens the knowledge on clinical mastitis in Flemish dairy herds and underlines the high risk of CM in early-lactation heifers, the role of the so-called environmental pathogens, and herd hygiene.
Keywords
Clinical mastitis, incidence rate, herd hygiene, severity, PASTEURIZED FLUID MILK, INTRAMAMMARY INFECTIONS, SOMATIC-CELL COUNT, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, COWS, SHELF-LIFE, PREVENTION, DISEASE, ETIOLOGY, SAMPLES

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Chicago
Verbeke, Joren, Sofie Piepers, Karlien Supré, and Sarne De Vliegher. 2014. “Pathogen-specific Incidence Rate of Clinical Mastitis in Flemish Dairy Herds, Severity, and Association with Herd Hygiene.” Journal of Dairy Science 97 (11): 6926–6934.
APA
Verbeke, Joren, Piepers, S., Supré, K., & De Vliegher, S. (2014). Pathogen-specific incidence rate of clinical mastitis in Flemish dairy herds, severity, and association with herd hygiene. JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, 97(11), 6926–6934.
Vancouver
1.
Verbeke J, Piepers S, Supré K, De Vliegher S. Pathogen-specific incidence rate of clinical mastitis in Flemish dairy herds, severity, and association with herd hygiene. JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. 2014;97(11):6926–34.
MLA
Verbeke, Joren, Sofie Piepers, Karlien Supré, et al. “Pathogen-specific Incidence Rate of Clinical Mastitis in Flemish Dairy Herds, Severity, and Association with Herd Hygiene.” JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE 97.11 (2014): 6926–6934. Print.
@article{5790893,
  abstract     = {A one-year survey on clinical mastitis was conducted on 50 randomly selected commercial Flemish dairy herds to estimate the pathogen-specific incidence rate of clinical mastitis (IRCM). The severity of the cases and the potential associations with herd hygiene were studied. Participating producers sampled 845 cases and 692 dairy cows. The mean and median IRCM was estimated at 7.4 and 5.3 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk, respectively. A large between-herd variation was observed (range of 0-21.3). In general, the IRCM was lower in heifers compared with multiparous cows (2.9 vs. 11.0 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk). However, the overall IRCM in the first week after calving was higher in heifers compared with cows (43.4 vs. 31.6 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk). Streptococcus uberis (18.2\% of the cases) and Escherichia coli (15.5\%) were the most frequently isolated pathogens and no growth was observed in 19.9\% of the cases. The majority of the cases (63.1\%) were mild (only clots in milk). Moderate (hard quarter without general signs) and severe symptoms (systemic illness) were observed in 29.9 and 7.0\% of the cases, respectively. Isolation of E. coli (vs. any other culture result) was more likely in moderate and severe cases compared with mild cases. Overall IRCM and E. coli IRCM were higher in dirty compared with clean herds based on udder hygiene scores (9.0 and 1.7 vs. 6.0 and 0.6 quarter cases per 10,000 cow-days at risk, respectively). This study broadens the knowledge on clinical mastitis in Flemish dairy herds and underlines the high risk of CM in early-lactation heifers, the role of the so-called environmental pathogens, and herd hygiene.},
  author       = {Verbeke, Joren and Piepers, Sofie and Supr{\'e}, Karlien and De Vliegher, Sarne},
  issn         = {0022-0302},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {Clinical mastitis,incidence rate,herd hygiene,severity,PASTEURIZED FLUID MILK,INTRAMAMMARY INFECTIONS,SOMATIC-CELL COUNT,ESCHERICHIA-COLI,COWS,SHELF-LIFE,PREVENTION,DISEASE,ETIOLOGY,SAMPLES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {6926--6934},
  title        = {Pathogen-specific incidence rate of clinical mastitis in Flemish dairy herds, severity, and association with herd hygiene},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2014-8173},
  volume       = {97},
  year         = {2014},
}

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