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Altered chromatin condensation of heat-stressed spermatozoa perturbs the dynamics of DNA methylation reprogramming in the paternal genome after in vitro fertilisation in cattle

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Abstract
Shortly after penetration of the oocyte, sperm DNA is actively demethylated, which is required for totipotent zygotic development. Aberrant DNA methylation is thought to be associated with altered chromatin condensation of spermatozoa. The objectives of this study were to investigate the dynamics of DNA methylation reprogramming in the paternal pronucleus and subsequent fertilisation potential of heat-stressed bull spermatozoa having altered chromatin condensation. Hence, bovine zygotes (n=1239) were collected at three different time points (12, 18 and 24h post insemination, hpi), and stained with an antibody against 5-methylcytosine. Fluorescence intensities of paternal and maternal pronuclei were measured by ImageJ. DNA methylation patterns in paternal pronuclei derived from heat-stressed spermatozoa did not differ between time points (P>0.05), whereas control zygotes clearly showed demethylation and de novo methylation at 18 and 24hpi, respectively. Moreover, heat-stressed spermatozoa showed a highly reduced (P<0.01) fertilisation rate compared with non-heat-stressed or normal control spermatozoa (53.7% vs 70.2% or 81.5%, respectively). Our data show that the normal pattern of active DNA demethylation followed by de novo methylation in the paternal pronucleus is perturbed when oocytes are fertilised with heat-stressed spermatozoa, which may be responsible for decreased fertilisation potential.
Keywords
maternal pronucleus, fluorescence intensity, paternal pronucleus, INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION, ELEVATED TESTICULAR TEMPERATURE, BOVINE EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT, NUCLEAR SHAPE, GERM-LINE, MAMMALIAN DEVELOPMENT, ABNORMAL MORPHOLOGY, SCROTAL INSULATION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, EARLY MOUSE, demethylation, de novo methylation

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Chicago
Rahman, Mohammad Bozlur, Md. Mostofa Kamal, Tom Rijsselaere, Leen Vandaele, Mohammed Shamsuddin, and Ann Van Soom. 2014. “Altered Chromatin Condensation of Heat-stressed Spermatozoa Perturbs the Dynamics of DNA Methylation Reprogramming in the Paternal Genome After in Vitro Fertilisation in Cattle.” Reproduction Fertility and Development 26 (8): 1107–1116.
APA
Rahman, M. B., Kamal, M. M., Rijsselaere, T., Vandaele, L., Shamsuddin, M., & Van Soom, A. (2014). Altered chromatin condensation of heat-stressed spermatozoa perturbs the dynamics of DNA methylation reprogramming in the paternal genome after in vitro fertilisation in cattle. REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT, 26(8), 1107–1116.
Vancouver
1.
Rahman MB, Kamal MM, Rijsselaere T, Vandaele L, Shamsuddin M, Van Soom A. Altered chromatin condensation of heat-stressed spermatozoa perturbs the dynamics of DNA methylation reprogramming in the paternal genome after in vitro fertilisation in cattle. REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT. 2014;26(8):1107–16.
MLA
Rahman, Mohammad Bozlur, Md. Mostofa Kamal, Tom Rijsselaere, et al. “Altered Chromatin Condensation of Heat-stressed Spermatozoa Perturbs the Dynamics of DNA Methylation Reprogramming in the Paternal Genome After in Vitro Fertilisation in Cattle.” REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT 26.8 (2014): 1107–1116. Print.
@article{5790780,
  abstract     = {Shortly after penetration of the oocyte, sperm DNA is actively demethylated, which is required for totipotent zygotic development. Aberrant DNA methylation is thought to be associated with altered chromatin condensation of spermatozoa. The objectives of this study were to investigate the dynamics of DNA methylation reprogramming in the paternal pronucleus and subsequent fertilisation potential of heat-stressed bull spermatozoa having altered chromatin condensation. Hence, bovine zygotes (n=1239) were collected at three different time points (12, 18 and 24h post insemination, hpi), and stained with an antibody against 5-methylcytosine. Fluorescence intensities of paternal and maternal pronuclei were measured by ImageJ. DNA methylation patterns in paternal pronuclei derived from heat-stressed spermatozoa did not differ between time points (P{\textrangle}0.05), whereas control zygotes clearly showed demethylation and de novo methylation at 18 and 24hpi, respectively. Moreover, heat-stressed spermatozoa showed a highly reduced (P{\textlangle}0.01) fertilisation rate compared with non-heat-stressed or normal control spermatozoa (53.7\% vs 70.2\% or 81.5\%, respectively). Our data show that the normal pattern of active DNA demethylation followed by de novo methylation in the paternal pronucleus is perturbed when oocytes are fertilised with heat-stressed spermatozoa, which may be responsible for decreased fertilisation potential.},
  author       = {Rahman, Mohammad Bozlur and Kamal, Md. Mostofa and Rijsselaere, Tom and Vandaele, Leen and Shamsuddin, Mohammed and Van Soom, Ann},
  issn         = {1031-3613},
  journal      = {REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1107--1116},
  title        = {Altered chromatin condensation of heat-stressed spermatozoa perturbs the dynamics of DNA methylation reprogramming in the paternal genome after in vitro fertilisation in cattle},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RD13218},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2014},
}

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