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Synchronous wearable wireless body sensor network composed of autonomous textile nodes

Peter Vanveerdeghem (UGent) , Patrick Van Torre (UGent) , Chris Stevens (UGent) , Jos Knockaert (UGent) and Hendrik Rogier (UGent)
(2014) SENSORS. 14(10). p.18583-18610
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Organization
Abstract
A novel, fully-autonomous, wearable, wireless sensor network is presented, where each flexible textile node performs cooperative synchronous acquisition and distributed event detection. Computationally efficient situational-awareness algorithms are implemented on the low-power microcontroller present on each flexible node. The detected events are wirelessly transmitted to a base station, directly, as well as forwarded by other on-body nodes. For each node, a dual-polarized textile patch antenna serves as a platform for the flexible electronic circuitry. Therefore, the system is particularly suitable for comfortable and unobtrusive integration into garments. In the meantime, polarization diversity can be exploited to improve the reliability and energy-efficiency of the wireless transmission. Extensive experiments in realistic conditions have demonstrated that this new autonomous, body-centric, textile-antenna, wireless sensor network is able to correctly detect different operating conditions of a firefighter during an intervention. By relying on four network nodes integrated into the protective garment, this functionality is implemented locally, on the body, and in real time. In addition, the received sensor data are reliably transferred to a central access point at the command post, for more detailed and more comprehensive real-time visualization. This information provides coordinators and commanders with situational awareness of the entire rescue operation. A statistical analysis of measured on-body node-to-node, as well as off-body person-to-person channels is included, confirming the reliability of the communication system.
Keywords
situational awareness, textile antennas, ISM band, diversity, body-centric, wireless sensors, AREA NETWORKS, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, CARE, GARMENTS, SYSTEM, event detection

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MLA
Vanveerdeghem, Peter, Patrick Van Torre, Chris Stevens, et al. “Synchronous Wearable Wireless Body Sensor Network Composed of Autonomous Textile Nodes.” SENSORS 14.10 (2014): 18583–18610. Print.
APA
Vanveerdeghem, P., Van Torre, P., Stevens, C., Knockaert, J., & Rogier, H. (2014). Synchronous wearable wireless body sensor network composed of autonomous textile nodes. SENSORS, 14(10), 18583–18610.
Chicago author-date
Vanveerdeghem, Peter, Patrick Van Torre, Chris Stevens, Jos Knockaert, and Hendrik Rogier. 2014. “Synchronous Wearable Wireless Body Sensor Network Composed of Autonomous Textile Nodes.” Sensors 14 (10): 18583–18610.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vanveerdeghem, Peter, Patrick Van Torre, Chris Stevens, Jos Knockaert, and Hendrik Rogier. 2014. “Synchronous Wearable Wireless Body Sensor Network Composed of Autonomous Textile Nodes.” Sensors 14 (10): 18583–18610.
Vancouver
1.
Vanveerdeghem P, Van Torre P, Stevens C, Knockaert J, Rogier H. Synchronous wearable wireless body sensor network composed of autonomous textile nodes. SENSORS. 2014;14(10):18583–610.
IEEE
[1]
P. Vanveerdeghem, P. Van Torre, C. Stevens, J. Knockaert, and H. Rogier, “Synchronous wearable wireless body sensor network composed of autonomous textile nodes,” SENSORS, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 18583–18610, 2014.
@article{5788584,
  abstract     = {A novel, fully-autonomous, wearable, wireless sensor network is presented, where each flexible textile node performs cooperative synchronous acquisition and distributed event detection. Computationally efficient situational-awareness algorithms are implemented on the low-power microcontroller present on each flexible node. The detected events are wirelessly transmitted to a base station, directly, as well as forwarded by other on-body nodes. For each node, a dual-polarized textile patch antenna serves as a platform for the flexible electronic circuitry. Therefore, the system is particularly suitable for comfortable and unobtrusive integration into garments. In the meantime, polarization diversity can be exploited to improve the reliability and energy-efficiency of the wireless transmission. Extensive experiments in realistic conditions have demonstrated that this new autonomous, body-centric, textile-antenna, wireless sensor network is able to correctly detect different operating conditions of a firefighter during an intervention. By relying on four network nodes integrated into the protective garment, this functionality is implemented locally, on the body, and in real time. In addition, the received sensor data are reliably transferred to a central access point at the command post, for more detailed and more comprehensive real-time visualization. This information provides coordinators and commanders with situational awareness of the entire rescue operation. A statistical analysis of measured on-body node-to-node, as well as off-body person-to-person channels is included, confirming the reliability of the communication system.},
  author       = {Vanveerdeghem, Peter and Van Torre, Patrick and Stevens, Chris and Knockaert, Jos and Rogier, Hendrik},
  issn         = {1424-8220},
  journal      = {SENSORS},
  keywords     = {situational awareness,textile antennas,ISM band,diversity,body-centric,wireless sensors,AREA NETWORKS,PARKINSONS-DISEASE,CARE,GARMENTS,SYSTEM,event detection},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {18583--18610},
  title        = {Synchronous wearable wireless body sensor network composed of autonomous textile nodes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s141018583},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2014},
}

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