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Soil phosphorus constrains biodiversity across European grasslands

Tobias Ceulemans, Carly J Stevens, Luc Duchateau UGent, Hans Jacquemyn, David JG Gowing, Roel Merckx, Hilary Wallace, Nils Van Rooijen, Thomas Goethem, Roland Bobbink, et al. (2014) GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY. 20(12). p.3814-3822
abstract
Nutrient pollution presents a serious threat to biodiversity conservation. In terrestrial ecosystems, the deleterious effects of nitrogen pollution are increasingly understood and several mitigating environmental policies have been developed. Compared to nitrogen, the effects of increased phosphorus have received far less attention, although some studies have indicated that phosphorus pollution may be detrimental for biodiversity as well. On the basis of a dataset covering 501 grassland plots throughout Europe, we demonstrate that, independent of the level of atmospheric nitrogen deposition and soil acidity, plant species richness was consistently negatively related to soil phosphorus. We also identified thresholds in soil phosphorus above which biodiversity appears to remain at a constant low level. Our results indicate that nutrient management policies biased toward reducing nitrogen pollution will fail to preserve biodiversity. As soil phosphorus is known to be extremely persistent and we found no evidence for a critical threshold below which no environmental harm is expected, we suggest that agro-environmental schemes should include grasslands that are permanently free from phosphorus fertilization.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
environmental policy, atmospheric nitrogen deposition, grassland, nutrient enrichment, phosphorus, PLANT-SPECIES RICHNESS, ATMOSPHERIC NITROGEN DEPOSITION, AGRICULTURAL LAND, EUTROPHICATION, LIMITATION, DIVERSITY, TRENDS, ACIDIFICATION, COMMUNITIES, ENRICHMENT
journal title
GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
Glob. Change Biol.
volume
20
issue
12
pages
3814 - 3822
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000344375700022
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
8.044 (2014)
JCR rank
3/223 (2014)
JCR quartile
1 (2014)
ISSN
1354-1013
DOI
10.1111/gcb.12650
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
5783145
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5783145
date created
2014-12-16 13:40:13
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:40:01
@article{5783145,
  abstract     = {Nutrient pollution presents a serious threat to biodiversity conservation. In terrestrial ecosystems, the deleterious effects of nitrogen pollution are increasingly understood and several mitigating environmental policies have been developed. Compared to nitrogen, the effects of increased phosphorus have received far less attention, although some studies have indicated that phosphorus pollution may be detrimental for biodiversity as well. On the basis of a dataset covering 501 grassland plots throughout Europe, we demonstrate that, independent of the level of atmospheric nitrogen deposition and soil acidity, plant species richness was consistently negatively related to soil phosphorus. We also identified thresholds in soil phosphorus above which biodiversity appears to remain at a constant low level. Our results indicate that nutrient management policies biased toward reducing nitrogen pollution will fail to preserve biodiversity. As soil phosphorus is known to be extremely persistent and we found no evidence for a critical threshold below which no environmental harm is expected, we suggest that agro-environmental schemes should include grasslands that are permanently free from phosphorus fertilization.},
  author       = {Ceulemans, Tobias and Stevens, Carly J and Duchateau, Luc and Jacquemyn, Hans and Gowing, David JG and Merckx, Roel and Wallace, Hilary and Van Rooijen, Nils and Goethem, Thomas and Bobbink, Roland and Dorland, Edu and Gaudnik, Cassandre  and Alard, Didier and Corcket, Emmanuel and Muller, Serge and Dise, Nancy B and Dupre, Cecilia and Diekmann, Martin and Honnay, Olivier},
  issn         = {1354-1013},
  journal      = {GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {environmental policy,atmospheric nitrogen deposition,grassland,nutrient enrichment,phosphorus,PLANT-SPECIES RICHNESS,ATMOSPHERIC NITROGEN DEPOSITION,AGRICULTURAL LAND,EUTROPHICATION,LIMITATION,DIVERSITY,TRENDS,ACIDIFICATION,COMMUNITIES,ENRICHMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {3814--3822},
  title        = {Soil phosphorus constrains biodiversity across European grasslands},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12650},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Ceulemans, Tobias, Carly J Stevens, Luc Duchateau, Hans Jacquemyn, David JG Gowing, Roel Merckx, Hilary Wallace, et al. 2014. “Soil Phosphorus Constrains Biodiversity Across European Grasslands.” Global Change Biology 20 (12): 3814–3822.
APA
Ceulemans, T., Stevens, C. J., Duchateau, L., Jacquemyn, H., Gowing, D. J., Merckx, R., Wallace, H., et al. (2014). Soil phosphorus constrains biodiversity across European grasslands. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 20(12), 3814–3822.
Vancouver
1.
Ceulemans T, Stevens CJ, Duchateau L, Jacquemyn H, Gowing DJ, Merckx R, et al. Soil phosphorus constrains biodiversity across European grasslands. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY. 2014;20(12):3814–22.
MLA
Ceulemans, Tobias, Carly J Stevens, Luc Duchateau, et al. “Soil Phosphorus Constrains Biodiversity Across European Grasslands.” GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 20.12 (2014): 3814–3822. Print.