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Innovative empirical approaches for inferring climate-warming impacts on plants in remote areas

(2015) NEW PHYTOLOGIST. 205(3). p.1015-1021
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Abstract
The prediction of the effects of climate warming on plant communities across the globe has become a major focus of ecology, evolution and biodiversity conservation. However, many of the frequently used empirical approaches for inferring how warming affects vegetation have been criticized for decades. In addition, methods that require no electricity may be preferred because of constraints of active warming, e.g. in remote areas. Efforts to overcome the limitations of earlier methods are currently under development, but these approaches have yet to be systematically evaluated side by side. Here, an overview of the benefits and limitations of a selection of innovative empirical techniques to study temperature effects on plants is presented, with a focus on practicality in relatively remote areas without an electric power supply. I focus on methods for: ecosystem aboveground and belowground warming; a fuller exploitation of spatial temperature variation; and long-term monitoring of plant ecological and microevolutionary changes in response to warming. An evaluation of the described methodological set-ups in a synthetic framework along six axes (associated with the consistency of temperature differences, disturbance, costs, confounding factors, spatial scale and versatility) highlights their potential usefulness and power. Hence, further developments of new approaches to empirically assess warming effects on plants can critically stimulate progress in climate-change biology.
Keywords
climate change, climate modelling, experimental warming, innovative approaches, latitudinal and altitudinal gradients, local adaptation, resurveys, warming, BIODIVERSITY, COMMUNITIES, TEMPERATURE, RESPONSES, FORESTS, SYSTEM

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MLA
De Frenne, Pieter. “Innovative Empirical Approaches for Inferring Climate-warming Impacts on Plants in Remote Areas.” NEW PHYTOLOGIST 205.3 (2015): 1015–1021. Print.
APA
De Frenne, P. (2015). Innovative empirical approaches for inferring climate-warming impacts on plants in remote areas. NEW PHYTOLOGIST, 205(3), 1015–1021.
Chicago author-date
De Frenne, Pieter. 2015. “Innovative Empirical Approaches for Inferring Climate-warming Impacts on Plants in Remote Areas.” New Phytologist 205 (3): 1015–1021.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Frenne, Pieter. 2015. “Innovative Empirical Approaches for Inferring Climate-warming Impacts on Plants in Remote Areas.” New Phytologist 205 (3): 1015–1021.
Vancouver
1.
De Frenne P. Innovative empirical approaches for inferring climate-warming impacts on plants in remote areas. NEW PHYTOLOGIST. 2015;205(3):1015–21.
IEEE
[1]
P. De Frenne, “Innovative empirical approaches for inferring climate-warming impacts on plants in remote areas,” NEW PHYTOLOGIST, vol. 205, no. 3, pp. 1015–1021, 2015.
@article{5782505,
  abstract     = {{The prediction of the effects of climate warming on plant communities across the globe has become a major focus of ecology, evolution and biodiversity conservation. However, many of the frequently used empirical approaches for inferring how warming affects vegetation have been criticized for decades. In addition, methods that require no electricity may be preferred because of constraints of active warming, e.g. in remote areas. Efforts to overcome the limitations of earlier methods are currently under development, but these approaches have yet to be systematically evaluated side by side. Here, an overview of the benefits and limitations of a selection of innovative empirical techniques to study temperature effects on plants is presented, with a focus on practicality in relatively remote areas without an electric power supply. I focus on methods for: ecosystem aboveground and belowground warming; a fuller exploitation of spatial temperature variation; and long-term monitoring of plant ecological and microevolutionary changes in response to warming. An evaluation of the described methodological set-ups in a synthetic framework along six axes (associated with the consistency of temperature differences, disturbance, costs, confounding factors, spatial scale and versatility) highlights their potential usefulness and power. Hence, further developments of new approaches to empirically assess warming effects on plants can critically stimulate progress in climate-change biology.}},
  author       = {{De Frenne, Pieter}},
  issn         = {{0028-646X}},
  journal      = {{NEW PHYTOLOGIST}},
  keywords     = {{climate change,climate modelling,experimental warming,innovative approaches,latitudinal and altitudinal gradients,local adaptation,resurveys,warming,BIODIVERSITY,COMMUNITIES,TEMPERATURE,RESPONSES,FORESTS,SYSTEM}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{1015--1021}},
  title        = {{Innovative empirical approaches for inferring climate-warming impacts on plants in remote areas}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.12992}},
  volume       = {{205}},
  year         = {{2015}},
}

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