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Accurate and cost-efficient 3D modelling using motorized hexacopter, helium balloons and photo modelling: a case study

Britt Lonneville (UGent) , Berdien De Roo (UGent) , Cornelis Stal (UGent) , Bart De Wit (UGent) , Alain De Wulf (UGent) and Philippe De Maeyer (UGent)
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Abstract
The destructive nature of archaeological excavations and the spatial character of archaeological finds make 3D models valuable contributions to the documentation of archaeological information. Laser scanning allows highly accurate 3D reconstructions, but involves considerable costs and expert knowledge. Therefore, photo modelling could be considered as a useful alternative. In this paper, we will demonstrate on the one hand the costefficiency and the consequent time-efficiency of the technique and on the other hand its (sub-decimeter) accuracy. Furthermore, the possibilities and advantages of motorized unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and helium balloons as airborne platform for image acquisition are shown. For this purpose, a case study is performed at the Mayan archaeological site of Edzna (Mexico). Using the Structure from Motion (SfM) and Multi-View Stereo (MVS) algorithm, terrestrial and aerial photographic recordings are processed into the final 3D models. For the quality assessment the photographic recordings are supplemented with topographic measurements.
Keywords
Data Acquisition, 3D, SfM-MVS, Hexacopter, Helium Balloon, HERITAGE

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MLA
Lonneville, Britt, Berdien De Roo, Cornelis Stal, et al. “Accurate and Cost-efficient 3D Modelling Using Motorized Hexacopter, Helium Balloons and Photo Modelling: a Case Study.” Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Ed. Marinos Ioannides et al. Vol. 8740. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2014. 410–417. Print.
APA
Lonneville, B., De Roo, B., Stal, C., De Wit, B., De Wulf, A., & De Maeyer, P. (2014). Accurate and cost-efficient 3D modelling using motorized hexacopter, helium balloons and photo modelling: a case study. In Marinos Ioannides, N. Magnenat-Thalmann, E. Fink, R. Žarnić, A.-Y. Yen, & E. Quak (Eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 8740, pp. 410–417). Presented at the 5th International conference on Cultural Heritage (EuroMed 2014), Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Chicago author-date
Lonneville, Britt, Berdien De Roo, Cornelis Stal, Bart De Wit, Alain De Wulf, and Philippe De Maeyer. 2014. “Accurate and Cost-efficient 3D Modelling Using Motorized Hexacopter, Helium Balloons and Photo Modelling: a Case Study.” In Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ed. Marinos Ioannides, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Eleanor Fink, Roko Žarnić, Alex-Yianing Yen, and Ewald Quak, 8740:410–417. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lonneville, Britt, Berdien De Roo, Cornelis Stal, Bart De Wit, Alain De Wulf, and Philippe De Maeyer. 2014. “Accurate and Cost-efficient 3D Modelling Using Motorized Hexacopter, Helium Balloons and Photo Modelling: a Case Study.” In Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ed. Marinos Ioannides, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Eleanor Fink, Roko Žarnić, Alex-Yianing Yen, and Ewald Quak, 8740:410–417. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
Lonneville B, De Roo B, Stal C, De Wit B, De Wulf A, De Maeyer P. Accurate and cost-efficient 3D modelling using motorized hexacopter, helium balloons and photo modelling: a case study. In: Ioannides M, Magnenat-Thalmann N, Fink E, Žarnić R, Yen A-Y, Quak E, editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham, Switzerland: Springer; 2014. p. 410–7.
IEEE
[1]
B. Lonneville, B. De Roo, C. Stal, B. De Wit, A. De Wulf, and P. De Maeyer, “Accurate and cost-efficient 3D modelling using motorized hexacopter, helium balloons and photo modelling: a case study,” in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Limmasol, Cyprus, 2014, vol. 8740, pp. 410–417.
@inproceedings{5769184,
  abstract     = {The destructive nature of archaeological excavations and the spatial character of archaeological finds make 3D models valuable contributions to the documentation of archaeological information. Laser scanning allows highly accurate 3D reconstructions, but involves considerable costs and expert knowledge. Therefore, photo modelling could be considered as a useful alternative. In this paper, we will demonstrate on the one hand the costefficiency and the consequent time-efficiency of the technique and on the other hand its (sub-decimeter) accuracy. Furthermore, the possibilities and advantages of motorized unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and helium balloons as airborne platform for image acquisition are shown. For this purpose, a case study is performed at the Mayan archaeological site of Edzna (Mexico). Using the Structure from Motion (SfM) and Multi-View Stereo (MVS) algorithm, terrestrial and aerial photographic recordings are processed into the final 3D models. For the quality assessment the photographic recordings are supplemented with topographic measurements.},
  author       = {Lonneville, Britt and De Roo, Berdien and Stal, Cornelis and De Wit, Bart and De Wulf, Alain and De Maeyer, Philippe},
  booktitle    = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
  editor       = {Ioannides, Marinos and Magnenat-Thalmann, Nadia and Fink, Eleanor and Žarnić, Roko and Yen, Alex-Yianing and Quak, Ewald},
  isbn         = {9783319136950},
  issn         = {0302-9743},
  keywords     = {Data Acquisition,3D,SfM-MVS,Hexacopter,Helium Balloon,HERITAGE},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Limmasol, Cyprus},
  pages        = {410--417},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Accurate and cost-efficient 3D modelling using motorized hexacopter, helium balloons and photo modelling: a case study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13695-0_39},
  volume       = {8740},
  year         = {2014},
}

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