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Development and test of an integrative model of job search behaviour

Greet Van Hoye (UGent) , Alan M. Saks, Filip Lievens (UGent) and Bert Weijters (UGent)
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Abstract
Research on job search and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) has identified job search attitude, subjective norm, and job search self-efficacy as the most proximal determinants of job seekers’ search intentions and subsequently job search behaviors. However, we do not yet know how more distal individual differences (e.g., personality) and situational factors (e.g., social context) might help to predict these key TPB determinants of job search behavior. In an integrative model of job search behavior, we propose specific relationships between these distal variables and the TPB determinants, which in turn are expected to mediate the effects of individual differences and situational factors on job search behavior. The hypothesized model is tested in a large representative sample of 1,177 unemployed Flemish job seekers using a two-wave design and provides a satisfactory fit to the data. Extraversion, conscientiousness, core self-evaluations, employment commitment, financial need, and social support are found to differentially relate to instrumental and affective job search attitude, subjective norm, and job search self-efficacy. In addition, all distal variables are indirectly related to job search behavior through their effects on the TPB variables. These results support our expanded and integrative model of job search behavior.
Keywords
SELF-ESTEEM, PLANNED BEHAVIOR, PERSONALITY, UNEMPLOYMENT, PERFORMANCE, EMPLOYMENT, SEEKING, CONSCIENTIOUSNESS, PREDICTORS, OBJECTIVES, Theory of planned behaviour, Unemployment, Job search behaviour, Job search, Integrative model

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Chicago
Van Hoye, Greet, Alan M. Saks, Filip Lievens, and Bert Weijters. 2015. “Development and Test of an Integrative Model of Job Search Behaviour.” European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 24 (4): 544–559.
APA
Van Hoye, G., Saks, A. M., Lievens, F., & Weijters, B. (2015). Development and test of an integrative model of job search behaviour. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WORK AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 24(4), 544–559.
Vancouver
1.
Van Hoye G, Saks AM, Lievens F, Weijters B. Development and test of an integrative model of job search behaviour. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WORK AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2015;24(4):544–59.
MLA
Van Hoye, Greet et al. “Development and Test of an Integrative Model of Job Search Behaviour.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WORK AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 24.4 (2015): 544–559. Print.
@article{5750957,
  abstract     = {Research on job search and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) has identified job search attitude, subjective norm, and job search self-efficacy as the most proximal determinants of job seekers’ search intentions and subsequently job search behaviors. However, we do not yet know how more distal individual differences (e.g., personality) and situational factors (e.g., social context) might help to predict these key TPB determinants of job search behavior. In an integrative model of job search behavior, we propose specific relationships between these distal variables and the TPB determinants, which in turn are expected to mediate the effects of individual differences and situational factors on job search behavior. The hypothesized model is tested in a large representative sample of 1,177 unemployed Flemish job seekers using a two-wave design and provides a satisfactory fit to the data. Extraversion, conscientiousness, core self-evaluations, employment commitment, financial need, and social support are found to differentially relate to instrumental and affective job search attitude, subjective norm, and job search self-efficacy. In addition, all distal variables are indirectly related to job search behavior through their effects on the TPB variables. These results support our expanded and integrative model of job search behavior.},
  author       = {Van Hoye, Greet and Saks, Alan M. and Lievens, Filip and Weijters, Bert},
  issn         = {1359-432X},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WORK AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {SELF-ESTEEM,PLANNED BEHAVIOR,PERSONALITY,UNEMPLOYMENT,PERFORMANCE,EMPLOYMENT,SEEKING,CONSCIENTIOUSNESS,PREDICTORS,OBJECTIVES,Theory of planned behaviour,Unemployment,Job search behaviour,Job search,Integrative model},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {544--559},
  title        = {Development and test of an integrative model of job search behaviour},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2014.964214},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2015},
}

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