Advanced search
1 file | 6.81 MB

Numerical simulations of dwarf galaxy merger trees

Annelies Cloet-Osselaer (UGent) , Sven De Rijcke (UGent) , Bert Vandenbroucke (UGent) , Joeri Schroyen (UGent) , Mina Koleva (UGent) and Robbert Verbeke (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
We investigate the evolution of dwarf galaxies using N-body/smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations that incorporate their formation histories through merger trees constructed using the extended Press-Schechter formalism. The simulations are computationally cheap and have high spatial resolution. We compare the properties of galaxies with equal final mass but with different merger histories with each other and with those of observed dwarf spheroidals and irregulars. We show that the merger history influences many observable dwarf galaxy properties. We identify two extreme cases that make this influence stand out most clearly: (i) merger trees with one massive progenitor that grows through relatively few mergers and (ii) merger trees with many small progenitors that merge only quite late. At a fixed halo mass, a type (i) tree tends to produce galaxies with larger stellar masses, larger half-light radii, lower central surface brightness and, since fewer potentially angular momentum cancelling mergers are required to build up the final galaxy, a higher specific angular momentum, compared with a type (ii) tree. We do not perform full-fledged cosmological simulations and therefore cannot hope to reproduce all observed properties of dwarf galaxies. However, we show that the simulated dwarfs are similar to real ones.
Keywords
galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, methods: numerical, galaxies: dwarf, STAR-FORMATION HISTORY, DARK-MATTER HALOS, KECK SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY, ELLIPTIC GALAXIES, LOCAL GROUP, SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES, STELLAR POPULATIONS, VIRGO-CLUSTER, HIERARCHICAL-MODELS, IRREGULAR GALAXIES

Downloads

  • MNRAS-2014-Cloet-Osselaer-2909-25.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 6.81 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Cloet-Osselaer, Annelies, Sven De Rijcke, Bert Vandenbroucke, Joeri Schroyen, Mina Koleva, and Robbert Verbeke. 2014. “Numerical Simulations of Dwarf Galaxy Merger Trees.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 442 (4): 2909–2925.
APA
Cloet-Osselaer, A., De Rijcke, S., Vandenbroucke, B., Schroyen, J., Koleva, M., & Verbeke, R. (2014). Numerical simulations of dwarf galaxy merger trees. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 442(4), 2909–2925.
Vancouver
1.
Cloet-Osselaer A, De Rijcke S, Vandenbroucke B, Schroyen J, Koleva M, Verbeke R. Numerical simulations of dwarf galaxy merger trees. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. 2014;442(4):2909–25.
MLA
Cloet-Osselaer, Annelies, Sven De Rijcke, Bert Vandenbroucke, et al. “Numerical Simulations of Dwarf Galaxy Merger Trees.” MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 442.4 (2014): 2909–2925. Print.
@article{5750571,
  abstract     = {We investigate the evolution of dwarf galaxies using N-body/smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations that incorporate their formation histories through merger trees constructed using the extended Press-Schechter formalism. The simulations are computationally cheap and have high spatial resolution. We compare the properties of galaxies with equal final mass but with different merger histories with each other and with those of observed dwarf spheroidals and irregulars. We show that the merger history influences many observable dwarf galaxy properties. We identify two extreme cases that make this influence stand out most clearly: (i) merger trees with one massive progenitor that grows through relatively few mergers and (ii) merger trees with many small progenitors that merge only quite late. At a fixed halo mass, a type (i) tree tends to produce galaxies with larger stellar masses, larger half-light radii, lower central surface brightness and, since fewer potentially angular momentum cancelling mergers are required to build up the final galaxy, a higher specific angular momentum, compared with a type (ii) tree. We do not perform full-fledged cosmological simulations and therefore cannot hope to reproduce all observed properties of dwarf galaxies. However, we show that the simulated dwarfs are similar to real ones.},
  author       = {Cloet-Osselaer, Annelies and De Rijcke, Sven and Vandenbroucke, Bert and Schroyen, Joeri and Koleva, Mina and Verbeke, Robbert},
  issn         = {0035-8711},
  journal      = {MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY},
  keywords     = {galaxies: evolution,galaxies: formation,methods: numerical,galaxies: dwarf,STAR-FORMATION HISTORY,DARK-MATTER HALOS,KECK SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY,ELLIPTIC GALAXIES,LOCAL GROUP,SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES,STELLAR POPULATIONS,VIRGO-CLUSTER,HIERARCHICAL-MODELS,IRREGULAR GALAXIES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {2909--2925},
  title        = {Numerical simulations of dwarf galaxy merger trees},
  volume       = {442},
  year         = {2014},
}

Web of Science
Times cited: