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A combined 'omics' approach identifies N-Myc interactor as a novel cytokine-induced regulator of IRE1α protein and c-Jun N-terminal kinase in pancreatic beta cells

(2014) JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. 289(30). p.20677-20693
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Ghent researchers on unfolded proteins in inflammatory disease (GROUP-ID)
Abstract
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease with a strong inflammatory component. The cytokines interleukin-1 beta and interferon-gamma contribute to beta cell apoptosis in type 1 diabetes. These cytokines induce endoplasmic reticulum stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR), contributing to the loss of beta cells. IRE1 alpha, one of the UPR mediators, triggers insulin degradation and inflammation in beta cells and is critical for the transition from "physiological" to "pathological" UPR. The mechanisms regulating inositol-requiring protein 1 alpha (IRE1 alpha) activation and its signaling for beta cell "adaptation," "stress response," or "apoptosis" remain to be clarified. To address these questions, we combined mammalian protein-protein interaction trap-based IRE1 alpha interactome and functional genomic analysis of human and rodent beta cells exposed to pro-inflammatory cytokines to identify novel cytokine-induced regulators of IRE1 alpha. Based on this approach, we identified N-Myc interactor (NMI) as an IRE1 alpha-interacting/modulator protein in rodent and human pancreatic beta cells. An increased expression of NMI was detected in islets from nonobese diabetic mice with insulitis and in rodent or human beta cells exposed in vitro to the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta and interferon-gamma. Detailed mechanistic studies demonstrated that NMI negatively modulates IRE1 alpha-dependent activation of JNK and apoptosis in rodent and human pancreatic beta cells. In conclusion, by using a combined omics approach, we identified NMI induction as a novel negative feedback mechanism that decreases IRE1 alpha-dependent activation of JNK and apoptosis in cytokine-exposed beta cells.
Keywords
ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM STRESS, SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION, INDUCED APOPTOSIS, CANDIDATE GENE, MESSENGER-RNAS, ISLET INFLAMMATION, ER STRESS, DEATH, NOD MICE, TYPE-1

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Brozzi, Flora, Sarah Gerlo, Fabio Arturo Grieco, Tarlliza Romanna Nardelli, Sam Lievens, Conny Gysemans, Lorella Marselli, et al. 2014. “A Combined ‘Omics’ Approach Identifies N-Myc Interactor as a Novel Cytokine-induced Regulator of IRE1α Protein and c-Jun N-terminal Kinase in Pancreatic Beta Cells.” Journal of Biological Chemistry 289 (30): 20677–20693.
APA
Brozzi, Flora, Gerlo, S., Grieco, F. A., Nardelli, T. R., Lievens, S., Gysemans, C., Marselli, L., et al. (2014). A combined “omics” approach identifies N-Myc interactor as a novel cytokine-induced regulator of IRE1α protein and c-Jun N-terminal kinase in pancreatic beta cells. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 289(30), 20677–20693.
Vancouver
1.
Brozzi F, Gerlo S, Grieco FA, Nardelli TR, Lievens S, Gysemans C, et al. A combined “omics” approach identifies N-Myc interactor as a novel cytokine-induced regulator of IRE1α protein and c-Jun N-terminal kinase in pancreatic beta cells. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. 2014;289(30):20677–93.
MLA
Brozzi, Flora, Sarah Gerlo, Fabio Arturo Grieco, et al. “A Combined ‘Omics’ Approach Identifies N-Myc Interactor as a Novel Cytokine-induced Regulator of IRE1α Protein and c-Jun N-terminal Kinase in Pancreatic Beta Cells.” JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 289.30 (2014): 20677–20693. Print.
@article{5731449,
  abstract     = {Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease with a strong inflammatory component. The cytokines interleukin-1 beta and interferon-gamma contribute to beta cell apoptosis in type 1 diabetes. These cytokines induce endoplasmic reticulum stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR), contributing to the loss of beta cells. IRE1 alpha, one of the UPR mediators, triggers insulin degradation and inflammation in beta cells and is critical for the transition from "physiological" to "pathological" UPR. The mechanisms regulating inositol-requiring protein 1 alpha (IRE1 alpha) activation and its signaling for beta cell "adaptation," "stress response," or "apoptosis" remain to be clarified. To address these questions, we combined mammalian protein-protein interaction trap-based IRE1 alpha interactome and functional genomic analysis of human and rodent beta cells exposed to pro-inflammatory cytokines to identify novel cytokine-induced regulators of IRE1 alpha. Based on this approach, we identified N-Myc interactor (NMI) as an IRE1 alpha-interacting/modulator protein in rodent and human pancreatic beta cells. An increased expression of NMI was detected in islets from nonobese diabetic mice with insulitis and in rodent or human beta cells exposed in vitro to the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta and interferon-gamma. Detailed mechanistic studies demonstrated that NMI negatively modulates IRE1 alpha-dependent activation of JNK and apoptosis in rodent and human pancreatic beta cells. In conclusion, by using a combined omics approach, we identified NMI induction as a novel negative feedback mechanism that decreases IRE1 alpha-dependent activation of JNK and apoptosis in cytokine-exposed beta cells.},
  author       = {Brozzi, Flora and Gerlo, Sarah and Grieco, Fabio Arturo and Nardelli, Tarlliza Romanna and Lievens, Sam and Gysemans, Conny and Marselli, Lorella and Marchetti, Piero and Mathieu, Chantal and Tavernier, Jan and Eizirik, Décio L},
  issn         = {0021-9258},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY},
  keywords     = {ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM STRESS,SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION,INDUCED APOPTOSIS,CANDIDATE GENE,MESSENGER-RNAS,ISLET INFLAMMATION,ER STRESS,DEATH,NOD MICE,TYPE-1},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {30},
  pages        = {20677--20693},
  title        = {A combined 'omics' approach identifies N-Myc interactor as a novel cytokine-induced regulator of IRE1α protein and c-Jun N-terminal kinase in pancreatic beta cells},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.568808},
  volume       = {289},
  year         = {2014},
}

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