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The use of digestates and recovered ammonium sulfate from NH3-scrubbing as sustainable substitutes for chemical fertilizers: a field-scale assessment

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Abstract
Nutrient recovery from bio-waste as renewable fertilizers with high nutrient use efficiency (NUE) has gained increased attention in order to meet both regulatory drivers (increasingly stringent fertilization and discharge levels) and market demands, while producing an internal revenue source, hence turning the waste problem into an economic opportunity. The aim of this study was to validate the agronomic effectiveness of fertilization strategies using bio-digestion waste derivatives as compared to conventional practices using animal manure and chemical fertilizers. In a two-year field trial, NUE’s and nutrient balances were assessed for N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg and Na. An economic and ecological evaluation was also conducted. Complete substitution of chemical fertilizer N by wastewater from NH3-scrubbing resulted in higher N and P use efficiencies, whereas the use of digestate mixtures resulted in significantly higher K and P use efficiencies. Small increases in crop yield were obtained when the liquid fraction of digestate was used as NK-fertilizer in addition to animal manure. As added benefits to the generation of bio-fertilizers from waste, renewable energy is produced, and the economic and ecological impact of plant production is significantly reduced. Moreover, an additional supply of organic carbon, Ca, Mg and S is delivered.
Keywords
nutrient use efficiency, bio-based fertilizers, nutrient recovery, digestate, water resource recovery facility, ammonium sulfate

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Chicago
Vaneeckhaute, Céline, Greet Ghekiere, Evi Michels, Peter A Vanrolleghem, Filip Tack, and Erik Meers. 2014. “The Use of Digestates and Recovered Ammonium Sulfate from NH3-scrubbing as Sustainable Substitutes for Chemical Fertilizers: a Field-scale Assessment.” In Global Challenges : Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery, IWA Specialist Conference, Papers. International Water Association (IWA).
APA
Vaneeckhaute, Céline, Ghekiere, G., Michels, E., Vanrolleghem, P. A., Tack, F., & Meers, E. (2014). The use of digestates and recovered ammonium sulfate from NH3-scrubbing as sustainable substitutes for chemical fertilizers: a field-scale assessment. Global Challenges : Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery, IWA Specialist conference, Papers. Presented at the IWA Specialist conference on Global Challenges : Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery, International Water Association (IWA).
Vancouver
1.
Vaneeckhaute C, Ghekiere G, Michels E, Vanrolleghem PA, Tack F, Meers E. The use of digestates and recovered ammonium sulfate from NH3-scrubbing as sustainable substitutes for chemical fertilizers: a field-scale assessment. Global Challenges : Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery, IWA Specialist conference, Papers. International Water Association (IWA); 2014.
MLA
Vaneeckhaute, Céline, Greet Ghekiere, Evi Michels, et al. “The Use of Digestates and Recovered Ammonium Sulfate from NH3-scrubbing as Sustainable Substitutes for Chemical Fertilizers: a Field-scale Assessment.” Global Challenges : Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery, IWA Specialist Conference, Papers. International Water Association (IWA), 2014. Print.
@inproceedings{5715322,
  abstract     = {Nutrient recovery from bio-waste as renewable fertilizers with high nutrient use efficiency (NUE) has gained increased attention in order to meet both regulatory drivers (increasingly stringent fertilization and discharge levels) and market demands, while producing an internal revenue source, hence turning the waste problem into an economic opportunity. The aim of this study was to validate the agronomic effectiveness of fertilization strategies using bio-digestion waste derivatives as compared to conventional practices using animal manure and chemical fertilizers. In a two-year field trial, NUE{\textquoteright}s and nutrient balances were assessed for N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg and Na. An economic and ecological evaluation was also conducted. Complete substitution of chemical fertilizer N by wastewater from NH3-scrubbing resulted in higher N and P use efficiencies, whereas the use of digestate mixtures resulted in significantly higher K and P use efficiencies. Small increases in crop yield were obtained when the liquid fraction of digestate was used as NK-fertilizer in addition to animal manure. As added benefits to the generation of bio-fertilizers from waste, renewable energy is produced, and the economic and ecological impact of plant production is significantly reduced. Moreover, an additional supply of organic carbon, Ca, Mg and S is delivered.},
  author       = {Vaneeckhaute, C{\'e}line and Ghekiere, Greet and Michels, Evi and Vanrolleghem, Peter A and Tack, Filip and Meers, Erik},
  booktitle    = {Global Challenges : Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery, IWA Specialist conference, Papers},
  keyword      = {nutrient use efficiency,bio-based fertilizers,nutrient recovery,digestate,water resource recovery facility,ammonium sulfate},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Kathmandu, Nepal},
  pages        = {8},
  publisher    = {International Water Association (IWA)},
  title        = {The use of digestates and recovered ammonium sulfate from NH3-scrubbing as sustainable substitutes for chemical fertilizers: a field-scale assessment},
  year         = {2014},
}