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Open loop control of a stepping motor with step loss detection and stall detection using back-EMF based load angle estimation

Stijn Derammelaere (UGent) , Florian Verbelen (UGent) and Kurt Stockman (UGent)
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Abstract
Stepping motors are the most used electrical machines for low power positioning. The drive controls the machine so that the rotor performs a fixed angular displacement after each step command pulse. Counting the step command pulses enables open-loop positioning. The vast majority of the stepping motor systems is driven in open-loop. When the rotor hits an obstacle stall occurs. Step loss due to overload is another typical problem with stepping motor driven systems. Both phenomena are not detected in open-loop which causes loss of synchronism. In this paper, a sensorless load angle estimator is used to detect step loss and stall. This algorithm is based on the typical stepping motor drive algorithms and does not depend on mechanical load parameters. The method therefore has a broad industrial relevance.
Keywords
Permanent magnet motors, Current measurement, Stators, Rotors, Vectors, Torque, Voltage measurement, back-EMF based load angle estimation, fixed angular displacement, electrical machines, low power positioning, mechanical load parameters, open loop control, motor drives, open loop systems, sensorless load angle estimator, position control, open-loop positioning, stall detection, sensorless machine control, step command pulse, step loss detection, stepping motor drive algorithms, stepping motors, synchronism loss, stepping motor driven systems

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Citation

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MLA
Derammelaere, Stijn, Florian Verbelen, and Kurt Stockman. “Open Loop Control of a Stepping Motor with Step Loss Detection and Stall Detection Using back-EMF Based Load Angle Estimation.” International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings. IEEE, 2014. 788–793. Print.
APA
Derammelaere, S., Verbelen, F., & Stockman, K. (2014). Open loop control of a stepping motor with step loss detection and stall detection using back-EMF based load angle estimation. International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings (pp. 788–793). Presented at the IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), IEEE.
Chicago author-date
Derammelaere, Stijn, Florian Verbelen, and Kurt Stockman. 2014. “Open Loop Control of a Stepping Motor with Step Loss Detection and Stall Detection Using back-EMF Based Load Angle Estimation.” In International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings, 788–793. IEEE.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Derammelaere, Stijn, Florian Verbelen, and Kurt Stockman. 2014. “Open Loop Control of a Stepping Motor with Step Loss Detection and Stall Detection Using back-EMF Based Load Angle Estimation.” In International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings, 788–793. IEEE.
Vancouver
1.
Derammelaere S, Verbelen F, Stockman K. Open loop control of a stepping motor with step loss detection and stall detection using back-EMF based load angle estimation. International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings. IEEE; 2014. p. 788–93.
IEEE
[1]
S. Derammelaere, F. Verbelen, and K. Stockman, “Open loop control of a stepping motor with step loss detection and stall detection using back-EMF based load angle estimation,” in International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings, Besançon, France, 2014, pp. 788–793.
@inproceedings{5712305,
  abstract     = {Stepping motors are the most used electrical machines for low power positioning. The drive controls the machine so that the rotor performs a fixed angular displacement after each step command pulse. Counting the step command pulses enables open-loop positioning. The vast majority of the stepping motor systems is driven in open-loop. When the rotor hits an obstacle stall occurs. Step loss due to overload is another typical problem with stepping motor driven systems. Both phenomena are not detected in open-loop which causes loss of synchronism. In this paper, a sensorless load angle estimator is used to detect step loss and stall. This algorithm is based on the typical stepping motor drive algorithms and does not depend on mechanical load parameters. The method therefore has a broad industrial relevance.},
  author       = {Derammelaere, Stijn and Verbelen, Florian and Stockman, Kurt},
  booktitle    = {International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Proceedings},
  keywords     = {Permanent magnet motors,Current measurement,Stators,Rotors,Vectors,Torque,Voltage measurement,back-EMF based load angle estimation,fixed angular displacement,electrical machines,low power positioning,mechanical load parameters,open loop control,motor drives,open loop systems,sensorless load angle estimator,position control,open-loop positioning,stall detection,sensorless machine control,step command pulse,step loss detection,stepping motor drive algorithms,stepping motors,synchronism loss,stepping motor driven systems},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Besançon, France},
  pages        = {788--793},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {Open loop control of a stepping motor with step loss detection and stall detection using back-EMF based load angle estimation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AIM.2014.6878175},
  year         = {2014},
}

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