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Developing the intervention material to increase physical activity levels of European preschool children: the ToyBox-study

(2014) OBESITY REVIEWS. 15(suppl. 3). p.27-39
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Abstract
Early childhood is an important period for adopting positive health-related behaviours. More than 95% of European preschool children attend kindergartens, making these settings ideal for the implementation of health promotion interventions. The ToyBox-intervention addressed preschool children, their parents/caregivers and teachers. The aim of the intervention was to improve four energy balance-related behaviours (i.e. healthy snacking, water consumption, physical activity and sedentary behaviour) by implementing a kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention in six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain). The intervention material was developed following the intervention mapping protocol, taking into account local and cultural differences among the intervention countries. The present paper focuses on the development of the physical activity component of the intervention. Parental involvement was addressed by providing parents/caregivers with two newsletters, two tip cards and a poster. Teachers received a handbook with guidance on environmental changes in the classroom, 26 physical education sessions and suggestions for fun, interactive classroom activities aiming at total class participation to increase preschoolers' physical activity levels. The ToyBox-intervention material was distributed according to a standard time frame. Teachers received their material prior to the start of the intervention and parents/caregivers received their material during the intervention when each energy balance-related behaviour was implemented.
Keywords
PREVENTION, HEALTH, PRIMARY-SCHOOLS, FOCUS GROUPS, NUTRITION EDUCATION, MOTOR SKILL, AGED 0-4 YEARS, BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS, DISEASE RISK-FACTORS, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, physical activity, obesity prevention, Intervention, kindergarten

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Chicago
Duvinage, Kristin, Sabine Ibrügger, Susanne Kreichauf, Andreas Wildgruber, Marieke De Craemer, Ellen De Decker, Odysseas Androutsos, et al. 2014. “Developing the Intervention Material to Increase Physical Activity Levels of European Preschool Children: The ToyBox-study.” Obesity Reviews 15 (suppl. 3): 27–39.
APA
Duvinage, K., Ibrügger, S., Kreichauf, S., Wildgruber, A., De Craemer, M., De Decker, E., Androutsos, O., et al. (2014). Developing the intervention material to increase physical activity levels of European preschool children: the ToyBox-study. OBESITY REVIEWS, 15(suppl. 3), 27–39.
Vancouver
1.
Duvinage K, Ibrügger S, Kreichauf S, Wildgruber A, De Craemer M, De Decker E, et al. Developing the intervention material to increase physical activity levels of European preschool children: the ToyBox-study. OBESITY REVIEWS. 2014;15(suppl. 3):27–39.
MLA
Duvinage, Kristin, Sabine Ibrügger, Susanne Kreichauf, et al. “Developing the Intervention Material to Increase Physical Activity Levels of European Preschool Children: The ToyBox-study.” OBESITY REVIEWS 15.suppl. 3 (2014): 27–39. Print.
@article{5709103,
  abstract     = {Early childhood is an important period for adopting positive health-related behaviours. More than 95\% of European preschool children attend kindergartens, making these settings ideal for the implementation of health promotion interventions. The ToyBox-intervention addressed preschool children, their parents/caregivers and teachers. The aim of the intervention was to improve four energy balance-related behaviours (i.e. healthy snacking, water consumption, physical activity and sedentary behaviour) by implementing a kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention in six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain). The intervention material was developed following the intervention mapping protocol, taking into account local and cultural differences among the intervention countries. The present paper focuses on the development of the physical activity component of the intervention. Parental involvement was addressed by providing parents/caregivers with two newsletters, two tip cards and a poster. Teachers received a handbook with guidance on environmental changes in the classroom, 26 physical education sessions and suggestions for fun, interactive classroom activities aiming at total class participation to increase preschoolers' physical activity levels. The ToyBox-intervention material was distributed according to a standard time frame. Teachers received their material prior to the start of the intervention and parents/caregivers received their material during the intervention when each energy balance-related behaviour was implemented.},
  author       = {Duvinage, Kristin and Ibr{\"u}gger, Sabine and Kreichauf, Susanne and Wildgruber, Andreas and De Craemer, Marieke and De Decker, Ellen and Androutsos, Odysseas and Lateva, Mina and Iotova, Violeta and Socha, Piotr and Zych, Kamila and Mouratidou, Theodora and Mesana Graffe, Maribel I and Manios, Yannis and Koletzko, Berthold and ToyBox study group, the and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Annemans, Lieven and Grammatikaki, Evangelia and Cardon, Greet and De Henauw, Stefaan and Maes, Lea and Vereecken, Carine and Van Assche, Jo and Pil, Lore},
  issn         = {1467-7881},
  journal      = {OBESITY REVIEWS},
  keyword      = {PREVENTION,HEALTH,PRIMARY-SCHOOLS,FOCUS GROUPS,NUTRITION EDUCATION,MOTOR SKILL,AGED 0-4 YEARS,BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS,DISEASE RISK-FACTORS,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,physical activity,obesity prevention,Intervention,kindergarten},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 3},
  pages        = {27--39},
  title        = {Developing the intervention material to increase physical activity levels of European preschool children: the ToyBox-study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12176},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2014},
}

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