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Habitat structure mediates spatial segregation and therefore coexistence

(2014) LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY. 29(4). p.593-604
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Abstract
Understanding the mechanisms driving diversity in nature is an important and ongoing challenge in our changing world. To efficiently protect ecosystem diversity it is crucial to explain why and how species coexist. Over the last decades models explaining species coexistence have increased in complexity but usually don't incorporate a detailed spatial context. However, spatial structure has been shown to affect species coexistence and habitat deterioration is one of the biggest threats to biodiversity. We therefore explore a spatially explicit two-species model and assess the effects of habitat structure on species coexistence using a wide diversity of fractal landscapes. Each species is specialized in a particular habitat type. We find that landscape structure has a major influence on the stability and constitution of a two species system and may be sufficient to explain the coexistence of two species. Well connected and highly structured habitat configurations allow spatial segregation of both species and this decreases local interspecific competition; in our model this is the most important process stabilizing coexistence.
Keywords
Competition, Coexistence, Habitat structure, Habitat fragmentation, Habitat loss, Spatial segregation, Storage effect, Dispersal, SPECIES COEXISTENCE, 2-SPECIES COMPETITION, DISPERSAL DISTANCE, MODELS, FRAGMENTATION, LANDSCAPE, DIVERSITY, HETEROGENEITY, ENVIRONMENTS, AGGREGATION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Boeye, Jeroen, Alexander Kubisch, and Dries Bonte. 2014. “Habitat Structure Mediates Spatial Segregation and Therefore Coexistence.” Landscape Ecology 29 (4): 593–604.
APA
Boeye, J., Kubisch, A., & Bonte, D. (2014). Habitat structure mediates spatial segregation and therefore coexistence. LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY, 29(4), 593–604.
Vancouver
1.
Boeye J, Kubisch A, Bonte D. Habitat structure mediates spatial segregation and therefore coexistence. LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY. 2014;29(4):593–604.
MLA
Boeye, Jeroen, Alexander Kubisch, and Dries Bonte. “Habitat Structure Mediates Spatial Segregation and Therefore Coexistence.” LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY 29.4 (2014): 593–604. Print.
@article{5705497,
  abstract     = {Understanding the mechanisms driving diversity in nature is an important and ongoing challenge in our changing world. To efficiently protect ecosystem diversity it is crucial to explain why and how species coexist. Over the last decades models explaining species coexistence have increased in complexity but usually don't incorporate a detailed spatial context. However, spatial structure has been shown to affect species coexistence and habitat deterioration is one of the biggest threats to biodiversity. We therefore explore a spatially explicit two-species model and assess the effects of habitat structure on species coexistence using a wide diversity of fractal landscapes. Each species is specialized in a particular habitat type. We find that landscape structure has a major influence on the stability and constitution of a two species system and may be sufficient to explain the coexistence of two species. Well connected and highly structured habitat configurations allow spatial segregation of both species and this decreases local interspecific competition; in our model this is the most important process stabilizing coexistence.},
  author       = {Boeye, Jeroen and Kubisch, Alexander and Bonte, Dries},
  issn         = {0921-2973},
  journal      = {LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Competition,Coexistence,Habitat structure,Habitat fragmentation,Habitat loss,Spatial segregation,Storage effect,Dispersal,SPECIES COEXISTENCE,2-SPECIES COMPETITION,DISPERSAL DISTANCE,MODELS,FRAGMENTATION,LANDSCAPE,DIVERSITY,HETEROGENEITY,ENVIRONMENTS,AGGREGATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {593--604},
  title        = {Habitat structure mediates spatial segregation and therefore coexistence},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10980-014-0010-6},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2014},
}

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