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Potential of active demand reduction with residential wet appliances: a case study for Belgium

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Abstract
Two problems are tackled in this paper: determining the active demand reduction potential of wet appliances and making time series estimates from project data. The former is an application of the latter. Household groups representative to the average population are defined by applying expectation maximization clustering to a representative measurement set (n = 1363). Attitudes toward active demand are found by conducting a survey (n = 418). Project data (n = 58) containing wet appliance measurements are scaled up by adapting the clustering algorithm, spreading the electricity demand of the wet appliances over the clusters. The potential for active demand reduction with wet appliances is 4% of the total residential power demand, assuming that 29% of the households take part. The potential is in the order of magnitude of the power reserves, but does not fulfill availability and response time requirements.
Keywords
ELECTRICITY CUSTOMERS, INFORMATION-TECHNOLOGY, USER ACCEPTANCE, CLASSIFICATION, PERCEPTION, MARKETS, IMPACTS, SMART, VIEW, Clustering, demand response, residential, wet appliances

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MLA
Labeeuw, Wouter, et al. “Potential of Active Demand Reduction with Residential Wet Appliances: A Case Study for Belgium.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, vol. 6, no. 1, 2015, pp. 315–23, doi:10.1109/TSG.2014.2357343.
APA
Labeeuw, W., Stragier, J., & Deconinck, G. (2015). Potential of active demand reduction with residential wet appliances: a case study for Belgium. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, 6(1), 315–323. https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2014.2357343
Chicago author-date
Labeeuw, Wouter, Jeroen Stragier, and Geert Deconinck. 2015. “Potential of Active Demand Reduction with Residential Wet Appliances: A Case Study for Belgium.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID 6 (1): 315–23. https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2014.2357343.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Labeeuw, Wouter, Jeroen Stragier, and Geert Deconinck. 2015. “Potential of Active Demand Reduction with Residential Wet Appliances: A Case Study for Belgium.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID 6 (1): 315–323. doi:10.1109/TSG.2014.2357343.
Vancouver
1.
Labeeuw W, Stragier J, Deconinck G. Potential of active demand reduction with residential wet appliances: a case study for Belgium. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID. 2015;6(1):315–23.
IEEE
[1]
W. Labeeuw, J. Stragier, and G. Deconinck, “Potential of active demand reduction with residential wet appliances: a case study for Belgium,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 315–323, 2015.
@article{5705287,
  abstract     = {{Two problems are tackled in this paper: determining the active demand reduction potential of wet appliances and making time series estimates from project data. The former is an application of the latter. Household groups representative to the average population are defined by applying expectation maximization clustering to a representative measurement set (n = 1363). Attitudes toward active demand are found by conducting a survey (n = 418). Project data (n = 58) containing wet appliance measurements are scaled up by adapting the clustering algorithm, spreading the electricity demand of the wet appliances over the clusters. The potential for active demand reduction with wet appliances is 4% of the total residential power demand, assuming that 29% of the households take part. The potential is in the order of magnitude of the power reserves, but does not fulfill availability and response time requirements.}},
  author       = {{Labeeuw, Wouter and Stragier, Jeroen and Deconinck, Geert}},
  issn         = {{1949-3053}},
  journal      = {{IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID}},
  keywords     = {{ELECTRICITY CUSTOMERS,INFORMATION-TECHNOLOGY,USER ACCEPTANCE,CLASSIFICATION,PERCEPTION,MARKETS,IMPACTS,SMART,VIEW,Clustering,demand response,residential,wet appliances}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{315--323}},
  title        = {{Potential of active demand reduction with residential wet appliances: a case study for Belgium}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2014.2357343}},
  volume       = {{6}},
  year         = {{2015}},
}

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