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African-European contacts in the Kongo Kingdom (sixteenth-eighteenth centuries): new archaeological insights from Ngongo Mbata (Lower Congo, DRC)

Bernard-Olivier Clist UGent, Els Cranshof, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver UGent, Davy Herremans, Karlis Karklins, Igor Matonda Sakala UGent, Fanny Steyaert and Koen Bostoen UGent (2015) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. 19(3). p.464-501
abstract
Ngongo Mbata, the main and most affluent center of the Kongo kingdom’s Mbata province in the 17th century, is well known from the historical sources, but virtually unexplored in archaeological publications. Ngongo Mbata is unique in that it hosted a monumental stone building about which the historical record remains silent. This makes it particularly challenging from the point of view of historical archaeology. In this paper historical data, unpublished excavation results from the 1930s and our own fieldwork undertaken in 2012-2013 are brought together, to tell a new story of early African-European contacts in the interior of West Central Africa.
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author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
COAST, ORIGIN, HISTORY, urbanism, Central Africa, Christianity, church
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
volume
19
issue
3
pages
464 - 501
publisher
Springer
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000358743700002
ISSN
1092-7697
DOI
10.1007/s10761-015-0296-3
project
KONGOKING (Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom.)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
5704437
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5704437
date created
2014-09-17 18:47:26
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:39:36
@article{5704437,
  abstract     = {Ngongo Mbata, the main and most affluent center of the Kongo kingdom{\textquoteright}s Mbata province in the 17th century, is well known from the historical sources, but virtually unexplored in archaeological publications. Ngongo Mbata is unique in that it hosted a monumental stone building about which the historical record remains silent. This makes it particularly challenging from the point of view of historical archaeology. In this paper historical data, unpublished excavation results from the 1930s and our own fieldwork undertaken in 2012-2013 are brought together, to tell a new story of early African-European contacts in the interior of West Central Africa.},
  author       = {Clist, Bernard-Olivier and Cranshof, Els and de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice and Herremans, Davy and Karklins, Karlis and Matonda Sakala, Igor and Steyaert, Fanny and Bostoen, Koen},
  issn         = {1092-7697},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY},
  keyword      = {COAST,ORIGIN,HISTORY,urbanism,Central Africa,Christianity,church},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {464--501},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {African-European contacts in the Kongo Kingdom (sixteenth-eighteenth centuries): new archaeological insights from Ngongo Mbata (Lower Congo, DRC)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10761-015-0296-3},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2015},
}

Chicago
Clist, Bernard-Olivier, Els Cranshof, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver, Davy Herremans, Karlis Karklins, Igor Matonda Sakala, Fanny Steyaert, and Koen Bostoen. 2015. “African-European Contacts in the Kongo Kingdom (sixteenth-eighteenth Centuries): New Archaeological Insights from Ngongo Mbata (Lower Congo, DRC).” International Journal of Historical Archaeology 19 (3): 464–501.
APA
Clist, B.-O., Cranshof, E., de Schryver, G.-M., Herremans, D., Karklins, K., Matonda Sakala, I., Steyaert, F., et al. (2015). African-European contacts in the Kongo Kingdom (sixteenth-eighteenth centuries): new archaeological insights from Ngongo Mbata (Lower Congo, DRC). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY, 19(3), 464–501.
Vancouver
1.
Clist B-O, Cranshof E, de Schryver G-M, Herremans D, Karklins K, Matonda Sakala I, et al. African-European contacts in the Kongo Kingdom (sixteenth-eighteenth centuries): new archaeological insights from Ngongo Mbata (Lower Congo, DRC). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. Springer; 2015;19(3):464–501.
MLA
Clist, Bernard-Olivier, Els Cranshof, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver, et al. “African-European Contacts in the Kongo Kingdom (sixteenth-eighteenth Centuries): New Archaeological Insights from Ngongo Mbata (Lower Congo, DRC).” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 19.3 (2015): 464–501. Print.