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Factors predicting the development of pressure ulcers in an at-risk population who receive standardized preventive care: secondary analyses of a multicentre randomised controlled trial

Liesbet Demarré (UGent) , Sofie Verhaeghe (UGent) , Ann Van Hecke (UGent) , Els Clays (UGent) , Maria Grypdonck (UGent) and Dimitri Beeckman (UGent)
(2015) JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING. 71(2). p.391-403
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Abstract
Aims. To identify predictive factors associated with the development of pressure ulcers in patients at risk who receive standardized preventive care. Background. Numerous studies have examined factors that predict risk for pressure ulcer development. Only a few studies identified risk factors associated with pressure ulcer development in hospitalized patients receiving standardized preventive care. Design. Secondary analyses of data collected in a multicentre randomized controlled trial. Methods. The sample consisted of 610 consecutive patients at risk for pressure ulcer development (Braden Score <17) receiving standardized preventive care measures. Patient demographic information, data on skin and risk assessment, medical history and diagnosis were collected during 26 months (December 2007–January 2010). Predictive factors were identified using multivariate statistics. Results. Pressure ulcers in category II–IV were significantly associated with nonblanchable erythema, urogenital disorders and higher body temperature. Predictive factors significantly associated with superficial pressure ulcers were admission to an internal medicine ward, incontinence-associated dermatitis, nonblanchable erythema and a lower Braden score. Superficial sacral pressure ulcers were significantly associated with incontinence-associated dermatitis. Conclusions. Despite the standardized preventive measures they received, hospitalized patients with non-blanchable erythema, urogenital disorders and a higher body temperature were at increased risk for developing pressure ulcers. Relevance to Clinical Practice. Improved identification of at-risk patients can be achieved by taking into account specific predictive factors. Even if preventive measures are in place, continuous assessment and tailoring of interventions is necessary in all patients at risk. Daily skin observation can be used to continuously monitor the effectiveness of the intervention.
Keywords
Prevention, Risk assessment, Predictive factors, Pressure ulcers, Multivariate analysis, ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY, REDISTRIBUTING SUPPORT SURFACES, SOFT-TISSUE STIFFNESS, HOSPITALIZED-PATIENTS, RELATIVE CONTRIBUTIONS, ASSESSMENT SCALES, INTENSIVE-CARE, COMPRESSION, MODEL, SKIN

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Chicago
Demarré, Liesbet, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke, Els Clays, Maria Grypdonck, and Dimitri Beeckman. 2015. “Factors Predicting the Development of Pressure Ulcers in an At-risk Population Who Receive Standardized Preventive Care: Secondary Analyses of a Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 71 (2): 391–403.
APA
Demarré, L., Verhaeghe, S., Van Hecke, A., Clays, E., Grypdonck, M., & Beeckman, D. (2015). Factors predicting the development of pressure ulcers in an at-risk population who receive standardized preventive care: secondary analyses of a multicentre randomised controlled trial. JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, 71(2), 391–403.
Vancouver
1.
Demarré L, Verhaeghe S, Van Hecke A, Clays E, Grypdonck M, Beeckman D. Factors predicting the development of pressure ulcers in an at-risk population who receive standardized preventive care: secondary analyses of a multicentre randomised controlled trial. JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING. 2015;71(2):391–403.
MLA
Demarré, Liesbet, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke, et al. “Factors Predicting the Development of Pressure Ulcers in an At-risk Population Who Receive Standardized Preventive Care: Secondary Analyses of a Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial.” JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING 71.2 (2015): 391–403. Print.
@article{5700002,
  abstract     = {Aims. To identify predictive factors associated with the development of pressure ulcers in patients at risk who receive standardized preventive care.
Background. Numerous studies have examined factors that predict risk for pressure ulcer development. Only a few studies identified risk factors associated with pressure ulcer development in hospitalized patients receiving standardized preventive care.
Design. Secondary analyses of data collected in a multicentre randomized controlled trial.
Methods. The sample consisted of 610 consecutive patients at risk for pressure ulcer development (Braden Score {\textlangle}17) receiving standardized preventive care measures. Patient demographic information, data on skin and risk assessment, medical history and diagnosis were collected during 26 months (December 2007--January 2010). Predictive factors were identified using multivariate statistics.
Results. Pressure ulcers in category II--IV were significantly associated with nonblanchable erythema, urogenital disorders and higher body temperature. Predictive factors significantly associated with superficial pressure ulcers were admission to an internal medicine ward, incontinence-associated dermatitis, nonblanchable erythema and a lower Braden score. Superficial sacral pressure ulcers were significantly associated with incontinence-associated dermatitis.
Conclusions. Despite the standardized preventive measures they received, hospitalized patients with non-blanchable erythema, urogenital disorders and a higher body temperature were at increased risk for developing pressure ulcers.
Relevance to Clinical Practice. Improved identification of at-risk patients can be achieved by taking into account specific predictive factors. Even if preventive measures are in place, continuous assessment and tailoring of interventions is necessary in all patients at risk. Daily skin observation can be used to continuously monitor the effectiveness of the intervention.},
  author       = {Demarr{\'e}, Liesbet and Verhaeghe, Sofie and Van Hecke, Ann and Clays, Els and Grypdonck, Maria and Beeckman, Dimitri},
  issn         = {0309-2402},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {391--403},
  title        = {Factors predicting the development of pressure ulcers in an at-risk population who receive standardized preventive care: secondary analyses of a multicentre randomised controlled trial},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.12497},
  volume       = {71},
  year         = {2015},
}

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