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Conversion of by-products from the vegetable oil industry into biodiesel and its use in internal combustion engines: a review

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Flemish Interuniversity Council’s (VLIR) University Development Cooperation, Own Initiatives Program, project “Knowledge cell on biofuels (from non-edible crops and waste products) for use in internal combustion engines”
Abstract
Biodiesel produced from by-products and waste materials can be an economical way of reducing traditional oil consumption and environmental problems. The by-products from the vegetable oil refining industry such as soapstock, acid oil and fatty acid distillates are suitable for producing biodiesel. The present work is a survey related to the use of these by-products to obtain biodiesel, covering not only the traditional and most widely used acid/base catalysis, but also solid and enzymatic catalysis. Details of the techniques are presented and compared. The advantages and drawbacks of the different approaches are mentioned and analyzed. The synthesis and use of by-products from the vegetable oil refining industry are covered in this work. The use of the obtained biodiesel in diesel engines is also included, demonstrating the disparity between the number of papers related to biodiesel production and engine performance assessment.
Keywords
HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSTS, DIESEL-ENGINE, ENZYMATIC CATALYSIS, IMMOBILIZED LIPASE, SULFATED ZIRCONIA, TRANSESTERIFICATION, Biodiesel, Soapstock, Acid oil, Fatty acid distillate, DEODORIZER DISTILLATE, CANDIDA-ANTARCTICA LIPASE, WASTE COOKING OIL, FATTY-ACID DISTILLATE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Piloto-Rodríguez, Ramon, Eliezer Ahmed Melo Espinosa, Leonardo Goyos-Pérez, et al. “Conversion of By-products from the Vegetable Oil Industry into Biodiesel and Its Use in Internal Combustion Engines: a Review.” BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 31.2 (2014): 287–301. Print.
APA
Piloto-Rodríguez, Ramon, Melo Espinosa, E. A., Goyos-Pérez, L., & Verhelst, S. (2014). Conversion of by-products from the vegetable oil industry into biodiesel and its use in internal combustion engines: a review. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, 31(2), 287–301.
Chicago author-date
Piloto-Rodríguez, Ramon, Eliezer Ahmed Melo Espinosa, Leonardo Goyos-Pérez, and Sebastian Verhelst. 2014. “Conversion of By-products from the Vegetable Oil Industry into Biodiesel and Its Use in Internal Combustion Engines: a Review.” Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 31 (2): 287–301.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Piloto-Rodríguez, Ramon, Eliezer Ahmed Melo Espinosa, Leonardo Goyos-Pérez, and Sebastian Verhelst. 2014. “Conversion of By-products from the Vegetable Oil Industry into Biodiesel and Its Use in Internal Combustion Engines: a Review.” Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 31 (2): 287–301.
Vancouver
1.
Piloto-Rodríguez R, Melo Espinosa EA, Goyos-Pérez L, Verhelst S. Conversion of by-products from the vegetable oil industry into biodiesel and its use in internal combustion engines: a review. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING. 2014;31(2):287–301.
IEEE
[1]
R. Piloto-Rodríguez, E. A. Melo Espinosa, L. Goyos-Pérez, and S. Verhelst, “Conversion of by-products from the vegetable oil industry into biodiesel and its use in internal combustion engines: a review,” BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 287–301, 2014.
@article{5699972,
  abstract     = {Biodiesel produced from by-products and waste materials can be an economical way of reducing traditional oil consumption and environmental problems. The by-products from the vegetable oil refining industry such as soapstock, acid oil and fatty acid distillates are suitable for producing biodiesel. The present work is a survey related to the use of these by-products to obtain biodiesel, covering not only the traditional and most widely used acid/base catalysis, but also solid and enzymatic catalysis. Details of the techniques are presented and compared. The advantages and drawbacks of the different approaches are mentioned and analyzed. The synthesis and use of by-products from the vegetable oil refining industry are covered in this work. The use of the obtained biodiesel in diesel engines is also included, demonstrating the disparity between the number of papers related to biodiesel production and engine performance assessment.},
  author       = {Piloto-Rodríguez, Ramon and Melo Espinosa, Eliezer Ahmed and Goyos-Pérez, Leonardo and Verhelst, Sebastian},
  issn         = {0104-6632},
  journal      = {BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING},
  keywords     = {HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSTS,DIESEL-ENGINE,ENZYMATIC CATALYSIS,IMMOBILIZED LIPASE,SULFATED ZIRCONIA,TRANSESTERIFICATION,Biodiesel,Soapstock,Acid oil,Fatty acid distillate,DEODORIZER DISTILLATE,CANDIDA-ANTARCTICA LIPASE,WASTE COOKING OIL,FATTY-ACID DISTILLATE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {287--301},
  title        = {Conversion of by-products from the vegetable oil industry into biodiesel and its use in internal combustion engines: a review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-6632.20140312s00002763},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2014},
}

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