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Middle-Holocene alluvial forests and associated fluvial environments: a multi-proxy reconstruction from the lower Scheldt, N Belgium

Koen Deforce, Annelies Storme, Jan Bastiaens, Sofie Debruyne, Luc Denys, Anton Ervynck, Erwin Meylemans, Herman Stieperaere, Wim Van Neer and Philippe Crombé UGent (2014) HOLOCENE. 24(11). p.1550-1564
abstract
Analyses of pollen, plant macrofossils (seeds, fruits, wood and mosses), molluscs, diatoms and vertebrate (mainly fish) remains allowed a detailed reconstruction of a middle-Holocene alluvial forest and its associated hydrological conditions. The use of multiple proxies resulted in a taxonomically more detailed and environmentally more comprehensive understanding of terrestrial as well as aquatic habitats. The results demonstrate possible biases in palaeoecological reconstructions of alluvial and estuarine environments drawn from single proxies. Many locally occurring woody taxa were underrepresented or remained undetected by pollen analyses. Seeds and fruits also proved to be inadequate to detect several locally important taxa, such as Ulmus and Hedera helix. Apparently brackish conditions inferred from diatoms, pollen and other microfossils conflicted strikingly with the evidence from molluscs, fish bones and botanical macroremains which suggest a freshwater environment. Brackish sediment (and the microfossil indicators) is likely to have been deposited during spring tides or storm surges, when estuarine waters penetrated more inland than usual. Despite the reworking and deposition of estuarine and saltmarsh sediment well above the tidal node at such events, local salinity levels largely remained unaffected.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
RIVER, NETHERLANDS, SEA-LEVEL, NORTHERN BELGIUM, FLOODPLAIN FORESTS, HARDWOOD FORESTS, MESOLITHIC-NEOLITHIC TRANSITION, RHINE, HISTORY, BIODIVERSITY, alluvial forest, Belgium, estuary, macrofossils, microfossils, middle Holocene, multi-proxy, Querco-Ulmetum, river, Scheldt, sediment transport
journal title
HOLOCENE
volume
24
issue
11
pages
1550 - 1564
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000343978500013
JCR category
GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
2.283 (2014)
JCR rank
55/175 (2014)
JCR quartile
2 (2014)
ISSN
0959-6836
DOI
10.1177/0959683614544059
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
5686068
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5686068
date created
2014-08-28 12:48:28
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:47:25
@article{5686068,
  abstract     = {Analyses of pollen, plant macrofossils (seeds, fruits, wood and mosses), molluscs, diatoms and vertebrate (mainly fish) remains allowed a detailed reconstruction of a middle-Holocene alluvial forest and its associated hydrological conditions. The use of multiple proxies resulted in a taxonomically more detailed and environmentally more comprehensive understanding of terrestrial as well as aquatic habitats. The results demonstrate possible biases in palaeoecological reconstructions of alluvial and estuarine environments drawn from single proxies. Many locally occurring woody taxa were underrepresented or remained undetected by pollen analyses. Seeds and fruits also proved to be inadequate to detect several locally important taxa, such as Ulmus and Hedera helix. Apparently brackish conditions inferred from diatoms, pollen and other microfossils conflicted strikingly with the evidence from molluscs, fish bones and botanical macroremains which suggest a freshwater environment. Brackish sediment (and the microfossil indicators) is likely to have been deposited during spring tides or storm surges, when estuarine waters penetrated more inland than usual. Despite the reworking and deposition of estuarine and saltmarsh sediment well above the tidal node at such events, local salinity levels largely remained unaffected.},
  author       = {Deforce, Koen and Storme, Annelies and Bastiaens, Jan  and Debruyne, Sofie and Denys, Luc  and Ervynck, Anton  and Meylemans, Erwin  and Stieperaere, Herman and Van Neer, Wim and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe},
  issn         = {0959-6836},
  journal      = {HOLOCENE},
  keyword      = {RIVER,NETHERLANDS,SEA-LEVEL,NORTHERN BELGIUM,FLOODPLAIN FORESTS,HARDWOOD FORESTS,MESOLITHIC-NEOLITHIC TRANSITION,RHINE,HISTORY,BIODIVERSITY,alluvial forest,Belgium,estuary,macrofossils,microfossils,middle Holocene,multi-proxy,Querco-Ulmetum,river,Scheldt,sediment transport},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1550--1564},
  title        = {Middle-Holocene alluvial forests and associated fluvial environments: a multi-proxy reconstruction from the lower Scheldt, N Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959683614544059},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Deforce, Koen, Annelies Storme, Jan Bastiaens, Sofie Debruyne, Luc Denys, Anton Ervynck, Erwin Meylemans, Herman Stieperaere, Wim Van Neer, and Philippe Crombé. 2014. “Middle-Holocene Alluvial Forests and Associated Fluvial Environments: a Multi-proxy Reconstruction from the Lower Scheldt, N Belgium.” Holocene 24 (11): 1550–1564.
APA
Deforce, K., Storme, A., Bastiaens, J., Debruyne, S., Denys, L., Ervynck, A., Meylemans, E., et al. (2014). Middle-Holocene alluvial forests and associated fluvial environments: a multi-proxy reconstruction from the lower Scheldt, N Belgium. HOLOCENE, 24(11), 1550–1564.
Vancouver
1.
Deforce K, Storme A, Bastiaens J, Debruyne S, Denys L, Ervynck A, et al. Middle-Holocene alluvial forests and associated fluvial environments: a multi-proxy reconstruction from the lower Scheldt, N Belgium. HOLOCENE. 2014;24(11):1550–64.
MLA
Deforce, Koen, Annelies Storme, Jan Bastiaens, et al. “Middle-Holocene Alluvial Forests and Associated Fluvial Environments: a Multi-proxy Reconstruction from the Lower Scheldt, N Belgium.” HOLOCENE 24.11 (2014): 1550–1564. Print.