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Energy yield losses due to emulated inertial response with wind turbines

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Abstract
In several countries, the wind power penetration increased tremendously in recent years. As the current wind turbines do not participate in inertial response nor primary control, this may compromise the proper functioning of the power system. This paper discusses the emulated inertial response with wind turbines. In literature, several strategies to provide inertial response with wind turbines are available. However, if they are operated in their maximum power point, emulated inertial response results in energy yield losses. These are caused by the suboptimal operation of the wind turbines during the inertial response. This paper focuses on the calculation of the energy yield losses for different cases. In this way, it is possible to estimate their importance and the loss of revenue for the operator of the wind turbine. It is shown that the energy yield losses are very low for both strategies, for all simulated cases. This is an important result, as it shows that the different inertial response strategies only have a minor effect on the total energy yield of the turbine.
Keywords
Ancillary services, PRIMARY FREQUENCY CONTROL, Wind energy, Synthetic inertia, Energy yield losses, Inertial response

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Van de Vyver, Jan, Tine Vandoorn, Jeroen De Kooning, Bart Meersman, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2014. “Energy Yield Losses Due to Emulated Inertial Response with Wind Turbines.” In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting PESGM, 1–5. IEEE Power and Energy Society.
APA
Van de Vyver, J., Vandoorn, T., De Kooning, J., Meersman, B., & Vandevelde, L. (2014). Energy yield losses due to emulated inertial response with wind turbines. IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting PESGM (pp. 1–5). Presented at the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM - 2014), IEEE Power and Energy Society.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Vyver J, Vandoorn T, De Kooning J, Meersman B, Vandevelde L. Energy yield losses due to emulated inertial response with wind turbines. IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting PESGM. IEEE Power and Energy Society; 2014. p. 1–5.
MLA
Van de Vyver, Jan, Tine Vandoorn, Jeroen De Kooning, et al. “Energy Yield Losses Due to Emulated Inertial Response with Wind Turbines.” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting PESGM. IEEE Power and Energy Society, 2014. 1–5. Print.
@inproceedings{5675749,
  abstract     = {In several countries, the wind power penetration increased tremendously in recent years. As the current wind turbines do not participate in inertial response nor primary control, this may compromise the proper functioning of the power system. This paper discusses the emulated inertial response with wind turbines. In literature, several strategies to provide inertial response with wind turbines are available. However, if they are operated in their maximum power point, emulated inertial response results in energy yield losses. These are caused by the suboptimal operation of the wind turbines during the inertial response. This paper focuses on the calculation of the energy yield losses for different cases. In this way, it is possible to estimate their importance and the loss of revenue for the operator of the wind turbine. It is shown that the energy yield losses are very low for both strategies, for all simulated cases. This is an important result, as it shows that the different inertial response strategies only have a minor effect on the total energy yield of the turbine.},
  author       = {Van de Vyver, Jan and Vandoorn, Tine and De Kooning, Jeroen and Meersman, Bart and Vandevelde, Lieven},
  booktitle    = {IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting PESGM},
  isbn         = {9781479964154},
  issn         = {1944-9925},
  keyword      = {Ancillary services,PRIMARY FREQUENCY CONTROL,Wind energy,Synthetic inertia,Energy yield losses,Inertial response},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {National Harbor, MD, USA},
  pages        = {1--5},
  publisher    = {IEEE Power and Energy Society},
  title        = {Energy yield losses due to emulated inertial response with wind turbines},
  year         = {2014},
}

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