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Coordinating the cognitive processes of writing : the role of the monitor

(2012) WRITTEN COMMUNICATION. 29(3). p.345-368
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Abstract
Moment to moment, a writer faces a host of potential problems. How does the writer's mind coordinate this problem solving? In the original Hayes and Flower model, the authors posited a distinct process to manage this coordinating-that is, the "monitor." The monitor became responsible for executive function in writing. In two experiments, the current authors investigated monitor function by examining the coordination of two common writing tasks-editing (i.e., correcting an error) and sentence composing-in the presence or absence of an error and with a low or high memory load for the writer. In the first experiment, participants could approach the editing and composing task in either order. On most trials (88%), they finished the sentence first, and less frequently (12%), they corrected the error first. The error-first approach occurred significantly more often under the low-load condition than the high-load condition. For the second experiment, participants were asked to adopt the less-used, error-first approach. Success in completing the assigned task order was affected by both memory load and error type. These results suggest that the monitor depends on the relative availability of working memory resources and coordinates subtasks to mitigate direct competition over those resources.
Keywords
CAPACITY, COSTS, PROFILES, KNOWLEDGE, TEXT, FLUENCY, TASK, ERROR-CORRECTION, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, WORKING-MEMORY, central executive, working memory, monitor, revision, text produced so far, proofreading

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Quinlan, Thomas, Maaike Loncke, Mariëlle Leijten, et al. “Coordinating the Cognitive Processes of Writing : the Role of the Monitor.” WRITTEN COMMUNICATION 29.3 (2012): 345–368. Print.
APA
Quinlan, T., Loncke, M., Leijten, M., & Van Waes, L. (2012). Coordinating the cognitive processes of writing : the role of the monitor. WRITTEN COMMUNICATION, 29(3), 345–368.
Chicago author-date
Quinlan, Thomas, Maaike Loncke, Mariëlle Leijten, and Luuk Van Waes. 2012. “Coordinating the Cognitive Processes of Writing : the Role of the Monitor.” Written Communication 29 (3): 345–368.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Quinlan, Thomas, Maaike Loncke, Mariëlle Leijten, and Luuk Van Waes. 2012. “Coordinating the Cognitive Processes of Writing : the Role of the Monitor.” Written Communication 29 (3): 345–368.
Vancouver
1.
Quinlan T, Loncke M, Leijten M, Van Waes L. Coordinating the cognitive processes of writing : the role of the monitor. WRITTEN COMMUNICATION. 2012;29(3):345–68.
IEEE
[1]
T. Quinlan, M. Loncke, M. Leijten, and L. Van Waes, “Coordinating the cognitive processes of writing : the role of the monitor,” WRITTEN COMMUNICATION, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 345–368, 2012.
@article{5674470,
  abstract     = {Moment to moment, a writer faces a host of potential problems. How does the writer's mind coordinate this problem solving? In the original Hayes and Flower model, the authors posited a distinct process to manage this coordinating-that is, the "monitor." The monitor became responsible for executive function in writing. In two experiments, the current authors investigated monitor function by examining the coordination of two common writing tasks-editing (i.e., correcting an error) and sentence composing-in the presence or absence of an error and with a low or high memory load for the writer. In the first experiment, participants could approach the editing and composing task in either order. On most trials (88%), they finished the sentence first, and less frequently (12%), they corrected the error first. The error-first approach occurred significantly more often under the low-load condition than the high-load condition. For the second experiment, participants were asked to adopt the less-used, error-first approach. Success in completing the assigned task order was affected by both memory load and error type. These results suggest that the monitor depends on the relative availability of working memory resources and coordinates subtasks to mitigate direct competition over those resources.},
  author       = {Quinlan, Thomas and Loncke, Maaike and Leijten, Mariëlle and Van Waes, Luuk},
  issn         = {0741-0883},
  journal      = {WRITTEN COMMUNICATION},
  keywords     = {CAPACITY,COSTS,PROFILES,KNOWLEDGE,TEXT,FLUENCY,TASK,ERROR-CORRECTION,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,WORKING-MEMORY,central executive,working memory,monitor,revision,text produced so far,proofreading},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {345--368},
  title        = {Coordinating the cognitive processes of writing : the role of the monitor},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0741088312451112},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2012},
}

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