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Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins

(2014) PLOS ONE. 9(4).
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EC FP6 IP HERMIONE
Abstract
Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling the seafloor, no large-scale assessment of distribution patterns was available to date. Here, we present data on litter distribution and density collected during 588 video and trawl surveys across 32 sites in European waters. We found litter to be present in the deepest areas and at locations as remote from land as the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone across the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The highest litter density occurs in submarine canyons, whilst the lowest density can be found on continental shelves and on ocean ridges. Plastic was the most prevalent litter item found on the seafloor. Litter from fishing activities (derelict fishing lines and nets) was particularly common on seamounts, banks, mounds and ocean ridges. Our results highlight the extent of the problem and the need for action to prevent increasing accumulation of litter in marine environments.
Keywords
ABUNDANCE, CALIFORNIA, BEACH DEBRIS, MEDITERRANEAN-SEA, NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, GERMAN BIGHT, COASTAL WATERS, CONTINENTAL-SHELF, PLASTIC DEBRIS, SUBMARINE-CANYON

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Citation

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Chicago
Pham, Christopher K, Eva Ramirez-Llodra, Claudia HS Alt, Teresa Amaro, Melanie Bergmann, Miquel Canals, Joan B Company, et al. 2014. “Marine Litter Distribution and Density in European Seas, from the Shelves to Deep Basins.” Plos One 9 (4).
APA
Pham, C. K., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Alt, C. H., Amaro, T., Bergmann, M., Canals, M., Company, J. B., et al. (2014). Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins. PLOS ONE, 9(4).
Vancouver
1.
Pham CK, Ramirez-Llodra E, Alt CH, Amaro T, Bergmann M, Canals M, et al. Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(4).
MLA
Pham, Christopher K et al. “Marine Litter Distribution and Density in European Seas, from the Shelves to Deep Basins.” PLOS ONE 9.4 (2014): n. pag. Print.
@article{5673978,
  abstract     = {Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling the seafloor, no large-scale assessment of distribution patterns was available to date. Here, we present data on litter distribution and density collected during 588 video and trawl surveys across 32 sites in European waters. We found litter to be present in the deepest areas and at locations as remote from land as the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone across the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The highest litter density occurs in submarine canyons, whilst the lowest density can be found on continental shelves and on ocean ridges. Plastic was the most prevalent litter item found on the seafloor. Litter from fishing activities (derelict fishing lines and nets) was particularly common on seamounts, banks, mounds and ocean ridges. Our results highlight the extent of the problem and the need for action to prevent increasing accumulation of litter in marine environments.},
  articleno    = {e95839},
  author       = {Pham, Christopher K and Ramirez-Llodra, Eva and Alt, Claudia HS and Amaro, Teresa and Bergmann, Melanie and Canals, Miquel and Company, Joan B and Davies, Jaime and Duineveld, Gerard and Galgani, François and Howell, Kerry L and Huvenne, Veerle AI and Isidro, Eduardo and Jones, Daniel OB and Lastras, Galderic and Morato, Telmo and Gomes-Pereira, José Nubo and Purser, Autun and Stewart, Heather and Tojeira, Ines and Tubau, Xavier and Van Rooij, David and Tyler, Paul A},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {ABUNDANCE,CALIFORNIA,BEACH DEBRIS,MEDITERRANEAN-SEA,NORTHEAST ATLANTIC,GERMAN BIGHT,COASTAL WATERS,CONTINENTAL-SHELF,PLASTIC DEBRIS,SUBMARINE-CANYON},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {13},
  title        = {Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

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