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Combined prevalence of inherited skeletal disorders in dog breeds in Belgium

Frank Coopman (UGent) , Bart Broeckx (UGent) , Elien Verelst (UGent) , Dieter Deforce (UGent) , Jimmy Saunders (UGent) , Luc Duchateau (UGent) and Geert Verhoeven (UGent)
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Abstract
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD), canine elbow dysplasia (CED), and humeral head osteochondrosis (HHOC) are inherited traits with uneven incidence in dog breeds. Knowledge of the combined prevalence of these three disorders is necessary to estimate the effect of the currently applied breeding strategies, in order to improve the genetic health of the population. Official screening results of the Belgian National Committee for Inherited Skeletal Disorders (NCSID) revealed that an average of 31.8% (CHD, CED, or both; n = 1273 dogs) and 47.2% (CHD, CED, HHOC, or a combination of these three diseases; n = 250 dogs) of dogs are mildly to severely affected by at least one skeletal disorder. According to the current breeding recommendations in some dog breeds in Belgium, these animals should be restricted (mild signs) or excluded (moderate to severe signs) from breeding. The introduction of genetic parameters, such as estimated breeding values, might create a better approach to gradually reduce the incidence of these complex inherited joint disorders, without compromising genetic population health.
Keywords
osteochondrosis, combined prevalence, Belgium, canine elbow dysplasia, Canine hip dysplasia, ELBOW DYSPLASIA, HIP, OSTEOCHONDROSIS

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Chicago
Coopman, Frank, Bart Broeckx, Elien Verelst, Dieter Deforce, Jimmy Saunders, Luc Duchateau, and Geert Verhoeven. 2014. “Combined Prevalence of Inherited Skeletal Disorders in Dog Breeds in Belgium.” Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 27 (5): 395–397.
APA
Coopman, Frank, Broeckx, B., Verelst, E., Deforce, D., Saunders, J., Duchateau, L., & Verhoeven, G. (2014). Combined prevalence of inherited skeletal disorders in dog breeds in Belgium. VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY, 27(5), 395–397.
Vancouver
1.
Coopman F, Broeckx B, Verelst E, Deforce D, Saunders J, Duchateau L, et al. Combined prevalence of inherited skeletal disorders in dog breeds in Belgium. VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY. 2014;27(5):395–7.
MLA
Coopman, Frank, Bart Broeckx, Elien Verelst, et al. “Combined Prevalence of Inherited Skeletal Disorders in Dog Breeds in Belgium.” VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY 27.5 (2014): 395–397. Print.
@article{5673392,
  abstract     = {Canine hip dysplasia (CHD), canine elbow dysplasia (CED), and humeral head osteochondrosis (HHOC) are inherited traits with uneven incidence in dog breeds. Knowledge of the combined prevalence of these three disorders is necessary to estimate the effect of the currently applied breeding strategies, in order to improve the genetic health of the population. Official screening results of the Belgian National Committee for Inherited Skeletal Disorders (NCSID) revealed that an average of 31.8\% (CHD, CED, or both; n = 1273 dogs) and 47.2\% (CHD, CED, HHOC, or a combination of these three diseases; n = 250 dogs) of dogs are mildly to severely affected by at least one skeletal disorder. According to the current breeding recommendations in some dog breeds in Belgium, these animals should be restricted (mild signs) or excluded (moderate to severe signs) from breeding. The introduction of genetic parameters, such as estimated breeding values, might create a better approach to gradually reduce the incidence of these complex inherited joint disorders, without compromising genetic population health.},
  author       = {Coopman, Frank and Broeckx, Bart and Verelst, Elien and Deforce, Dieter and Saunders, Jimmy and Duchateau, Luc and Verhoeven, Geert},
  issn         = {0932-0814},
  journal      = {VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {395--397},
  title        = {Combined prevalence of inherited skeletal disorders in dog breeds in Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-13-11-0140},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2014},
}

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