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Symbiosis of executive and selective attention in working memory

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Abstract
The notion of working memory (WM) was introduced to account for the usage of short-term memory resources by other cognitive tasks such as reasoning, mental arithmetic, language comprehension, and many others. This collaboration between memory and other cognitive tasks can only be achieved by a dedicated WM system that controls task coordination. To that end, WM models include executive control. Nevertheless, other attention control systems may be involved in coordination of memory and cognitive tasks calling on memory resources. The present paper briefly reviews the evidence concerning the role of selective attention in WM activities. A model is proposed in which selective attention control is directly linked to the executive control part of the WM system. The model assumes that apart from storage of declarative information, the system also includes an executive WM module that represents the current task set. Control processes are automatically triggered when particular conditions in these modules are met. As each task set represents the parameter settings and the actions needed to achieve the task goal, it will depend on the specific settings and actions whether selective attention control will have to be shared among the active tasks. Only when such sharing is required, task performance will be affected by the capacity limits of the control system involved.
Keywords
IMMEDIATE SERIAL-RECALL, SHORT-TERM-MEMORY, TASK SPAN PROCEDURE, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, VISUAL-SEARCH, STROOP INTERFERENCE, TOP-DOWN, RESPONSE SELECTION, PHONOLOGICAL LOOP, COGNITIVE CONTROL, working memory, selective attention, executive control, executive attention, task-set switching

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Chicago
Vandierendonck, André. 2014. “Symbiosis of Executive and Selective Attention in Working Memory.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
APA
Vandierendonck, A. (2014). Symbiosis of executive and selective attention in working memory. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, 8. Presented at the Andre Vandierendonck.
Vancouver
1.
Vandierendonck A. Symbiosis of executive and selective attention in working memory. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE. Frontiers; 2014;8.
MLA
Vandierendonck, André. “Symbiosis of Executive and Selective Attention in Working Memory.” FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 8 (2014): n. pag. Print.
@article{5671730,
  abstract     = {The notion of working memory (WM) was introduced to account for the usage of short-term memory resources by other cognitive tasks such as reasoning, mental arithmetic, language comprehension, and many others. This collaboration between memory and other cognitive tasks can only be achieved by a dedicated WM system that controls task coordination. To that end, WM models include executive control. Nevertheless, other attention control systems may be involved in coordination of memory and cognitive tasks calling on memory resources. The present paper briefly reviews the evidence concerning the role of selective attention in WM activities. A model is proposed in which selective attention control is directly linked to the executive control part of the WM system. The model assumes that apart from storage of declarative information, the system also includes an executive WM module that represents the current task set. Control processes are automatically triggered when particular conditions in these modules are met. As each task set represents the parameter settings and the actions needed to achieve the task goal, it will depend on the specific settings and actions whether selective attention control will have to be shared among the active tasks. Only when such sharing is required, task performance will be affected by the capacity limits of the control system involved.},
  articleno    = {00588},
  author       = {Vandierendonck, André},
  issn         = {1662-5161},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE},
  keywords     = {IMMEDIATE SERIAL-RECALL,SHORT-TERM-MEMORY,TASK SPAN PROCEDURE,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,VISUAL-SEARCH,STROOP INTERFERENCE,TOP-DOWN,RESPONSE SELECTION,PHONOLOGICAL LOOP,COGNITIVE CONTROL,working memory,selective attention,executive control,executive attention,task-set switching},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {13},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  title        = {Symbiosis of executive and selective attention in working memory},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00588},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2014},
}

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