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The Wigner distribution function for the su(2) finite oscillator and Dyck paths

Roy Oste (UGent) and Joris Van der Jeugt (UGent)
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Abstract
Recently, a new definition for a Wigner distribution function for a one-dimensional finite quantum system, in which the position and momentum operators have a finite (multiplicity-free) spectrum, was developed. This distribution function is defined on discrete phase-space (a finite square grid), and can thus be referred to as the Wigner matrix. In the current paper, we compute this Wigner matrix (or rather, the pre-Wigner matrix, which is related to the Wigner matrix by a simple matrix multiplication) for the case of the su(2) finite oscillator. The first expression for the matrix elements involves sums over squares of Krawtchouk polynomials, and follows from standard techniques. We also manage to present a second solution, where the matrix elements are evaluations of Dyck polynomials. These Dyck polynomials are defined in terms of the well-known Dyck paths. This combinatorial expression of the pre-Wigner matrix elements turns out to be particularly simple.
Keywords
Dyck path, finite oscillator, Wigner distribution function

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MLA
Oste, Roy, and Joris Van der Jeugt. “The Wigner Distribution Function for the Su(2) Finite Oscillator and Dyck Paths.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL, vol. 47, no. 28, 2014, doi:10.1088/1751-8113/47/28/285301.
APA
Oste, R., & Van der Jeugt, J. (2014). The Wigner distribution function for the su(2) finite oscillator and Dyck paths. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL, 47(28). https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/47/28/285301
Chicago author-date
Oste, Roy, and Joris Van der Jeugt. 2014. “The Wigner Distribution Function for the Su(2) Finite Oscillator and Dyck Paths.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL 47 (28). https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/47/28/285301.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Oste, Roy, and Joris Van der Jeugt. 2014. “The Wigner Distribution Function for the Su(2) Finite Oscillator and Dyck Paths.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL 47 (28). doi:10.1088/1751-8113/47/28/285301.
Vancouver
1.
Oste R, Van der Jeugt J. The Wigner distribution function for the su(2) finite oscillator and Dyck paths. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL. 2014;47(28).
IEEE
[1]
R. Oste and J. Van der Jeugt, “The Wigner distribution function for the su(2) finite oscillator and Dyck paths,” JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL, vol. 47, no. 28, 2014.
@article{5671017,
  abstract     = {{Recently, a new definition for a Wigner distribution function for a one-dimensional finite quantum system, in which the position and momentum operators have a finite (multiplicity-free) spectrum, was developed. This distribution function is defined on discrete phase-space (a finite square grid), and can thus be referred to as the Wigner matrix. In the current paper, we compute this Wigner matrix (or rather, the pre-Wigner matrix, which is related to the Wigner matrix by a simple matrix multiplication) for the case of the su(2) finite oscillator. The first expression for the matrix elements involves sums over squares of Krawtchouk polynomials, and follows from standard techniques. We also manage to present a second solution, where the matrix elements are evaluations of Dyck polynomials. These Dyck polynomials are defined in terms of the well-known Dyck paths. This combinatorial expression of the pre-Wigner matrix elements turns out to be particularly simple.}},
  articleno    = {{285301}},
  author       = {{Oste, Roy and Van der Jeugt, Joris}},
  issn         = {{1751-8113}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL}},
  keywords     = {{Dyck path,finite oscillator,Wigner distribution function}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{28}},
  pages        = {{16}},
  title        = {{The Wigner distribution function for the su(2) finite oscillator and Dyck paths}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/47/28/285301}},
  volume       = {{47}},
  year         = {{2014}},
}

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