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Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among pregnant women in six European countries

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Abstract
Objectives. The primary objective was to investigate the prevalence of a history of abuse among women attending routine antenatal care in six northern European countries. Second, we explored current suffering from reported abuse. Design. A prospective cohort study. Setting. Routine antenatal care in Belgium, Iceland, Denmark, Estonia, Norway, and Sweden between March 2008 and August 2010. Population. A total of 7174 pregnant women. Methods. A questionnaire including a validated instrument measuring emotional, physical and sexual abuse. Main outcome measure. Proportion of women reporting emotional, physical and sexual abuse. Severe current suffering defined as a Visual Analogue Scale score of >= 6. Results. An overall lifetime prevalence of any abuse was reported by 34.8% of the pregnant women. The ranges across the six countries of lifetime prevalence were 9.7-30.8% for physical abuse, 16.2-27.7% for emotional abuse, and 8.3-21.1% for sexual abuse. Few women reported current sexual abuse, 0.4% compared with 2.2% current physical abuse and 2.7% current emotional abuse. Current severe suffering was reported by 6.8% of the women who reported physical abuse, 9.8% of those who reported sexual abuse and 13.5% for emotional abuse. Conclusion. A high proportion of pregnant women attending routine antenatal care report a history of abuse. About one in ten of them experiences severe current suffering from the reported abuse. In particular, these women might benefit from being identified in the antenatal care setting and being offered specialized care.
Keywords
TRAUMA, POPULATION, COHORT, SYSTEM, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, INTIMATE-PARTNER VIOLENCE, prevalence, HEALTH, pregnancy, violence against women, Abuse

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MLA
Lukasse, Mirjam, Anne-Mette Schroll, Elsa Lena Ryding, et al. “Prevalence of Emotional, Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Pregnant Women in Six European Countries.” ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA 93.7 (2014): 669–677. Print.
APA
Lukasse, M., Schroll, A.-M., Ryding, E. L., Campbell, J., Karro, H., Kristjansdottir, H., Laanpere, M., et al. (2014). Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among pregnant women in six European countries. ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, 93(7), 669–677.
Chicago author-date
Lukasse, Mirjam, Anne-Mette Schroll, Elsa Lena Ryding, Jacquelyn Campbell, Helle Karro, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Made Laanpere, et al. 2014. “Prevalence of Emotional, Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Pregnant Women in Six European Countries.” Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica 93 (7): 669–677.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lukasse, Mirjam, Anne-Mette Schroll, Elsa Lena Ryding, Jacquelyn Campbell, Helle Karro, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Made Laanpere, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Ann Tabor, Marleen Temmerman, An-Sofie Van Parys, Anne-Marie Wangel, and Berit Schei. 2014. “Prevalence of Emotional, Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Pregnant Women in Six European Countries.” Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica 93 (7): 669–677.
Vancouver
1.
Lukasse M, Schroll A-M, Ryding EL, Campbell J, Karro H, Kristjansdottir H, et al. Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among pregnant women in six European countries. ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA. 2014;93(7):669–77.
IEEE
[1]
M. Lukasse et al., “Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among pregnant women in six European countries,” ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, vol. 93, no. 7, pp. 669–677, 2014.
@article{5663229,
  abstract     = {Objectives. The primary objective was to investigate the prevalence of a history of abuse among women attending routine antenatal care in six northern European countries. Second, we explored current suffering from reported abuse.
Design. A prospective cohort study. Setting. Routine antenatal care in Belgium, Iceland, Denmark, Estonia, Norway, and Sweden between March 2008 and August 2010. Population. A total of 7174 pregnant women.
Methods. A questionnaire including a validated instrument measuring emotional, physical and sexual abuse. Main outcome measure. Proportion of women reporting emotional, physical and sexual abuse. Severe current suffering defined as a Visual Analogue Scale score of >= 6.
Results. An overall lifetime prevalence of any abuse was reported by 34.8% of the pregnant women. The ranges across the six countries of lifetime prevalence were 9.7-30.8% for physical abuse, 16.2-27.7% for emotional abuse, and 8.3-21.1% for sexual abuse. Few women reported current sexual abuse, 0.4% compared with 2.2% current physical abuse and 2.7% current emotional abuse. Current severe suffering was reported by 6.8% of the women who reported physical abuse, 9.8% of those who reported sexual abuse and 13.5% for emotional abuse.
Conclusion. A high proportion of pregnant women attending routine antenatal care report a history of abuse. About one in ten of them experiences severe current suffering from the reported abuse. In particular, these women might benefit from being identified in the antenatal care setting and being offered specialized care.},
  author       = {Lukasse, Mirjam and Schroll, Anne-Mette and Ryding, Elsa Lena and Campbell, Jacquelyn and Karro, Helle and Kristjansdottir, Hildur and Laanpere, Made and Steingrimsdottir, Thora and Tabor, Ann and Temmerman, Marleen and Van Parys, An-Sofie and Wangel, Anne-Marie and Schei, Berit},
  issn         = {0001-6349},
  journal      = {ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA},
  keywords     = {TRAUMA,POPULATION,COHORT,SYSTEM,DOMESTIC VIOLENCE,INTIMATE-PARTNER VIOLENCE,prevalence,HEALTH,pregnancy,violence against women,Abuse},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {669--677},
  title        = {Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among pregnant women in six European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.12392},
  volume       = {93},
  year         = {2014},
}

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