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14C dating of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain): optimization of the sample preparation and limitations of the method

(2015) RADIOCARBON. 56(1). p.161-171
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Abstract
Lime burials are a characteristic phenomenon of the protohistoric funerary tradition on the Balearic Islands. At Cova de Na Dent, six samples, representing the entire stratigraphy of the lime burial, were taken for analysis. The radiocarbon dates suggested that the lowest levels of the burial were Late Bronze Age. This is in contradiction with the general belief that the lime burials are a late Iron Age phenomenon. Therefore, a new analysis strategy is put forward, focusing on the so-called 1st fraction, the first CO2 released during the acid lime reaction, which is supposed to be free of fossil carbon. The analysis demonstrates the impossibility to eliminate the fossil carbon fraction completely. This is probably due to the different geological formation of the local limestone deposits (ancient reef barriers) compared to the previous lime burials of Mallorca all coming from mountain areas. C-14 analysis from a cremation layer without lime at the onset of the lime burial reveals an Iron Age origin of the Cova de Na Dent lime burial.
Keywords
AMS C-14

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Chicago
Van Strydonck, Mark, Roald Hayen, Mathieu Boudin, Tess van den Brande, Magdalena Salas Burguera, Damia Ramis, Herlinde Borms, and Guy De Mulder. 2015. “14C Dating of the Lime Burial of Cova De Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain): Optimization of the Sample Preparation and Limitations of the Method.” Radiocarbon 56 (1): 161–171.
APA
Van Strydonck, Mark, Hayen, R., Boudin, M., van den Brande, T., Salas Burguera, M., Ramis, D., Borms, H., et al. (2015). 14C dating of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain): optimization of the sample preparation and limitations of the method. RADIOCARBON, 56(1), 161–171.
Vancouver
1.
Van Strydonck M, Hayen R, Boudin M, van den Brande T, Salas Burguera M, Ramis D, et al. 14C dating of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain): optimization of the sample preparation and limitations of the method. RADIOCARBON. 2015;56(1):161–71.
MLA
Van Strydonck, Mark, Roald Hayen, Mathieu Boudin, et al. “14C Dating of the Lime Burial of Cova De Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain): Optimization of the Sample Preparation and Limitations of the Method.” RADIOCARBON 56.1 (2015): 161–171. Print.
@article{5658927,
  abstract     = {Lime burials are a characteristic phenomenon of the protohistoric funerary tradition on the Balearic Islands. At Cova de Na Dent, six samples, representing the entire stratigraphy of the lime burial, were taken for analysis. The radiocarbon dates suggested that the lowest levels of the burial were Late Bronze Age. This is in contradiction with the general belief that the lime burials are a late Iron Age phenomenon. Therefore, a new analysis strategy is put forward, focusing on the so-called 1st fraction, the first CO2 released during the acid lime reaction, which is supposed to be free of fossil carbon. The analysis demonstrates the impossibility to eliminate the fossil carbon fraction completely. This is probably due to the different geological formation of the local limestone deposits (ancient reef barriers) compared to the previous lime burials of Mallorca all coming from mountain areas. C-14 analysis from a cremation layer without lime at the onset of the lime burial reveals an Iron Age origin of the Cova de Na Dent lime burial.},
  author       = {Van Strydonck, Mark and Hayen, Roald and Boudin, Mathieu and van den Brande, Tess and Salas Burguera, Magdalena and Ramis, Damia and Borms, Herlinde and De Mulder, Guy},
  issn         = {0033-8222},
  journal      = {RADIOCARBON},
  keyword      = {AMS C-14},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {161--171},
  title        = {14C dating of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain): optimization of the sample preparation and limitations of the method},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2458/azu\_rc.57.18195},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2015},
}

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