Advanced search
1 file | 1.52 MB

The hidden burden of trichinellosis in Vietnam: a postoutbreak epidemiological study

Author
Organization
Abstract
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Muong Lat town (Thanh Hoa province, North Vietnam), following the confirmed diagnosis of trichinellosis in six patients from that town who had eaten hunted wild boar meat during the Vietnamese lunar year celebration. All inhabitants who declared to have eaten undercooked or raw wild boar meat at the celebration and showed at least one clinical symptom compatible with trichinellosis were included in the study and blood sampled. Anti-Trichinella IgG were determined by ELISA and Western Blot. Seropositive persons were given appropriate albendazole treatment and were followed up. A total of 100 inhabitants met the inclusion criteria. Among these, 30 (30%) had antibodies to Trichinella. Serologically confirmed cases had fever (90.0%), myalgia (86.7%), facial oedema (63.3%), diarrhoea (53.3%), and pain of the masseter muscles (43.3%). Eosinophilia was detected in 83.3% of these individuals. Clinical symptoms resolved in all patients during albendazole treatment. The results suggest that only a proportion of the trichinellosis cases had sought health care during the outbreak. There is a need to implement surveillance and better diagnosis for trichinellosis and to set up educational programs to prevent infection in North Vietnam.
Keywords
INFECTIONS, OUTBREAK, PROVINCE, ANIMALS, HUMANS, PIGS, IGG

Downloads

  • 149890-3.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.52 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vu Thi, Nga, Dung Do Trung, Amber Litzroth, Nicolas Praet, Huong Nguyen Thu, Hien Nguyen Thu, Hung Nguyen Manh, and Pierre Dorny. 2013. “The Hidden Burden of Trichinellosis in Vietnam: a Postoutbreak Epidemiological Study.” Biomed Research International.
APA
Vu Thi, Nga, Do Trung, D., Litzroth, A., Praet, N., Thu, H. N., Thu, H. N., Manh, H. N., et al. (2013). The hidden burden of trichinellosis in Vietnam: a postoutbreak epidemiological study. BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL.
Vancouver
1.
Vu Thi N, Do Trung D, Litzroth A, Praet N, Thu HN, Thu HN, et al. The hidden burden of trichinellosis in Vietnam: a postoutbreak epidemiological study. BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. 2013;
MLA
Vu Thi, Nga, Dung Do Trung, Amber Litzroth, et al. “The Hidden Burden of Trichinellosis in Vietnam: a Postoutbreak Epidemiological Study.” BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{5640558,
  abstract     = {A cross-sectional study was conducted in Muong Lat town (Thanh Hoa province, North Vietnam), following the confirmed diagnosis of trichinellosis in six patients from that town who had eaten hunted wild boar meat during the Vietnamese lunar year celebration. All inhabitants who declared to have eaten undercooked or raw wild boar meat at the celebration and showed at least one clinical symptom compatible with trichinellosis were included in the study and blood sampled. Anti-Trichinella IgG were determined by ELISA and Western Blot. Seropositive persons were given appropriate albendazole treatment and were followed up. A total of 100 inhabitants met the inclusion criteria. Among these, 30 (30\%) had antibodies to Trichinella. Serologically confirmed cases had fever (90.0\%), myalgia (86.7\%), facial oedema (63.3\%), diarrhoea (53.3\%), and pain of the masseter muscles (43.3\%). Eosinophilia was detected in 83.3\% of these individuals. Clinical symptoms resolved in all patients during albendazole treatment. The results suggest that only a proportion of the trichinellosis cases had sought health care during the outbreak. There is a need to implement surveillance and better diagnosis for trichinellosis and to set up educational programs to prevent infection in North Vietnam.},
  articleno    = {149890},
  author       = {Vu Thi, Nga and Do Trung, Dung and Litzroth, Amber and Praet, Nicolas and Thu, Huong Nguyen and Thu, Hien Nguyen and Manh, Hung Nguyen and Dorny, Pierre},
  issn         = {2314-6133},
  journal      = {BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL},
  keyword      = {INFECTIONS,OUTBREAK,PROVINCE,ANIMALS,HUMANS,PIGS,IGG},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {4},
  title        = {The hidden burden of trichinellosis in Vietnam: a postoutbreak epidemiological study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/149890},
  year         = {2013},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: