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Matrix product states and variational methods applied to critical quantum field theory

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Abstract
We study the second-order quantum phase-transition of massive real scalar field theory with a quartic interaction (ϕ4 theory) in (1+1) dimensions on an infinite spatial lattice using matrix product states (MPS). We introduce and apply a naive variational conjugate gradient method, based on the time-dependent variational principle (TDVP) for imaginary time, to obtain approximate ground states, using a related ansatz for excitations to calculate the particle and soliton masses and to obtain the spectral density. We also estimate the central charge using finite-entanglement scaling. Our value for the critical parameter agrees well with recent Monte Carlo results, improving on an earlier study which used the related DMRG method, verifying that these techniques are well-suited to studying critical field systems. We also obtain critical exponents that agree, as expected, with those of the transverse Ising model. Additionally, we treat the special case of uniform product states (mean field theory) separately, showing that they may be used to investigate non-critical quantum field theories under certain conditions.
Keywords
SYMMETRY-BREAKING, 2ND-ORDER PHASE-TRANSITION, RENORMALIZATION-GROUP, PHI(4) THEORY, APPROXIMATION, EXISTENCE, MODEL

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Chicago
Milsted, Ashley, Jutho Haegeman, and Tobias J Osborne. 2013. “Matrix Product States and Variational Methods Applied to Critical Quantum Field Theory.” Physical Review D 88 (8).
APA
Milsted, A., Haegeman, J., & Osborne, T. J. (2013). Matrix product states and variational methods applied to critical quantum field theory. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 88(8).
Vancouver
1.
Milsted A, Haegeman J, Osborne TJ. Matrix product states and variational methods applied to critical quantum field theory. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 2013;88(8).
MLA
Milsted, Ashley, Jutho Haegeman, and Tobias J Osborne. “Matrix Product States and Variational Methods Applied to Critical Quantum Field Theory.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 88.8 (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{5639913,
  abstract     = {We study the second-order quantum phase-transition of massive real scalar field theory with a quartic interaction (\unmatched{03d5}4 theory) in (1+1) dimensions on an infinite spatial lattice using matrix product states (MPS). We introduce and apply a naive variational conjugate gradient method, based on the time-dependent variational principle (TDVP) for imaginary time, to obtain approximate ground states, using a related ansatz for excitations to calculate the particle and soliton masses and to obtain the spectral density. We also estimate the central charge using finite-entanglement scaling. Our value for the critical parameter agrees well with recent Monte Carlo results, improving on an earlier study which used the related DMRG method, verifying that these techniques are well-suited to studying critical field systems. We also obtain critical exponents that agree, as expected, with those of the transverse Ising model. Additionally, we treat the special case of uniform product states (mean field theory) separately, showing that they may be used to investigate non-critical quantum field theories under certain conditions.},
  articleno    = {085030},
  author       = {Milsted, Ashley and Haegeman, Jutho and Osborne, Tobias J},
  issn         = {1550-7998},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL REVIEW D},
  keyword      = {SYMMETRY-BREAKING,2ND-ORDER PHASE-TRANSITION,RENORMALIZATION-GROUP,PHI(4) THEORY,APPROXIMATION,EXISTENCE,MODEL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {23},
  title        = {Matrix product states and variational methods applied to critical quantum field theory},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.085030},
  volume       = {88},
  year         = {2013},
}

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