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Determinants of task performance and invested effort: A need for closure by relative cognitive capacity interaction analysis

Arne Roets (UGent) , Alain Van Hiel (UGent) , Ilse Cornelis (UGent) and Barbara Soetens
Author
Organization
Abstract
This study examines the simultaneous effects of need for closure ( NFC) and relative cognitive capacity on invested effort and task performance within the integrative analysis framework using behavioral data. Two main results were obtained. First, the authors revealed a significant interaction effect between relative cognitive capacity ( manipulated through task difficulty) and NFC ( manipulated through time pressure, noise, and fear of invalidity as well as assessed by an individual differences measure) on effort investment. Second, contrary to dispositional NFC, manipulations yielded a "dual effect" because they negatively affected task performance as well as invested effort. The latter result was interpreted as an indication that noise and time pressure manipulations also tax cognitive resources. The two main findings are discussed and the authors go further into the divergences between dispositional and manipulated NFC.
Keywords
MOTIVATION, INFERENCES, INFORMATION, CONFIDENCE, CARDIOVASCULAR-RESPONSE, DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE, ABILITY, IMPACT, SCALE

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Roets, Arne, Alain Van Hiel, Ilse Cornelis, et al. “Determinants of Task Performance and Invested Effort: A Need for Closure by Relative Cognitive Capacity Interaction Analysis.” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 34.6 (2008): 779–792. Print.
APA
Roets, Arne, Van Hiel, A., Cornelis, I., & Soetens, B. (2008). Determinants of task performance and invested effort: A need for closure by relative cognitive capacity interaction analysis. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 34(6), 779–792.
Chicago author-date
Roets, Arne, Alain Van Hiel, Ilse Cornelis, and Barbara Soetens. 2008. “Determinants of Task Performance and Invested Effort: A Need for Closure by Relative Cognitive Capacity Interaction Analysis.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 34 (6): 779–792.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Roets, Arne, Alain Van Hiel, Ilse Cornelis, and Barbara Soetens. 2008. “Determinants of Task Performance and Invested Effort: A Need for Closure by Relative Cognitive Capacity Interaction Analysis.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 34 (6): 779–792.
Vancouver
1.
Roets A, Van Hiel A, Cornelis I, Soetens B. Determinants of task performance and invested effort: A need for closure by relative cognitive capacity interaction analysis. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN. THOUSAND OAKS ; UNITED STATES: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC; 2008;34(6):779–92.
IEEE
[1]
A. Roets, A. Van Hiel, I. Cornelis, and B. Soetens, “Determinants of task performance and invested effort: A need for closure by relative cognitive capacity interaction analysis,” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 779–792, 2008.
@article{539015,
  abstract     = {This study examines the simultaneous effects of need for closure ( NFC)
   and relative cognitive capacity on invested effort and task performance
   within the integrative analysis framework using behavioral data. Two
   main results were obtained. First, the authors revealed a significant
   interaction effect between relative cognitive capacity ( manipulated
   through task difficulty) and NFC ( manipulated through time pressure,
   noise, and fear of invalidity as well as assessed by an individual
   differences measure) on effort investment. Second, contrary to
   dispositional NFC, manipulations yielded a "dual effect" because they
   negatively affected task performance as well as invested effort. The
   latter result was interpreted as an indication that noise and time
   pressure manipulations also tax cognitive resources. The two main
   findings are discussed and the authors go further into the divergences
   between dispositional and manipulated NFC.},
  author       = {Roets, Arne and Van Hiel, Alain and Cornelis, Ilse and Soetens, Barbara},
  issn         = {0146-1672},
  journal      = {PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN},
  keywords     = {MOTIVATION,INFERENCES,INFORMATION,CONFIDENCE,CARDIOVASCULAR-RESPONSE,DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE,ABILITY,IMPACT,SCALE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {779--792},
  publisher    = {SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC},
  title        = {Determinants of task performance and invested effort: A need for closure by relative cognitive capacity interaction analysis},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2008},
}

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