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Monitoring the benzene contents in soft drinks using headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: A survey of the situation on the Belgian market

Christof Van Poucke UGent, Christel Detavernier UGent, Jan Van Bocxlaer UGent, Rudi Vermeylen and Carlos Van Peteghem UGent (2008) JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. 56(12). p.4504-4510
abstract
Whenever benzoic acid is combined with ascorbic acid in acidic beverages such as soft drinks, benzene can be formed. To determine the current situation on the Belgian market, a headspace gas chromatographic mass spectrometric method was developed, which needs little to no sample preparation. This method was then used to analyze 134 soft drinks sampled on the Belgian market by the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain. Thirty-three percent of the samples contained no detectable benzene, whereas the majority of the samples (47%) contained trace amounts below the limit of quantification of the method (0.3 mu g L-1). Ten samples were above the European limit for benzene in drinking water of 1 mu g L-1, and one sample had a concentration of 10.98 mu g L-1, thereby exceeding the action limit for benzene in soft drinks of 10 mu g L-1 discussed at the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health of the European Commission. Statistical analyses revealed that besides benzoic acid, ascorbic acid, and acidity regulators, the packing may also play an important role in benzene formation.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
GC-MS, headspace, benzene, soft drink
journal title
JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
J. Agric. Food Chem.
editor
Marianne Bailleul UGent
volume
56
issue
12
pages
4504 - 4510
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000256893200032
JCR category
AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
2.562 (2008)
JCR rank
2/35 (2008)
JCR quartile
1 (2008)
ISSN
0021-8561
DOI
10.1021/jf072580q
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
533681
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-533681
date created
2009-03-30 09:32:25
date last changed
2009-03-31 08:29:16
@article{533681,
  abstract     = {Whenever benzoic acid is combined with ascorbic acid in acidic beverages such as soft drinks, benzene can be formed. To determine the current situation on the Belgian market, a headspace gas chromatographic mass spectrometric method was developed, which needs little to no sample preparation. This method was then used to analyze 134 soft drinks sampled on the Belgian market by the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain. Thirty-three percent of the samples contained no detectable benzene, whereas the majority of the samples (47\%) contained trace amounts below the limit of quantification of the method (0.3 mu g L-1). Ten samples were above the European limit for benzene in drinking water of 1 mu g L-1, and one sample had a concentration of 10.98 mu g L-1, thereby exceeding the action limit for benzene in soft drinks of 10 mu g L-1 discussed at the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health of the European Commission. Statistical analyses revealed that besides benzoic acid, ascorbic acid, and acidity regulators, the packing may also play an important role in benzene formation.},
  author       = {Van Poucke, Christof and Detavernier, Christel and Van Bocxlaer, Jan and Vermeylen, Rudi and Van Peteghem, Carlos},
  editor       = {Bailleul, Marianne},
  issn         = {0021-8561},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY},
  keyword      = {GC-MS,headspace,benzene,soft drink},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {4504--4510},
  title        = {Monitoring the benzene contents in soft drinks using headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: A survey of the situation on the Belgian market},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf072580q},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2008},
}

Chicago
Van Poucke, Christof, Christel Detavernier, Jan Van Bocxlaer, Rudi Vermeylen, and Carlos Van Peteghem. 2008. “Monitoring the Benzene Contents in Soft Drinks Using Headspace Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry: A Survey of the Situation on the Belgian Market.” Ed. Marianne Bailleul. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (12): 4504–4510.
APA
Van Poucke, C., Detavernier, C., Van Bocxlaer, J., Vermeylen, R., & Van Peteghem, C. (2008). Monitoring the benzene contents in soft drinks using headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: A survey of the situation on the Belgian market. (M. Bailleul, Ed.)JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 56(12), 4504–4510.
Vancouver
1.
Van Poucke C, Detavernier C, Van Bocxlaer J, Vermeylen R, Van Peteghem C. Monitoring the benzene contents in soft drinks using headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: A survey of the situation on the Belgian market. Bailleul M, editor. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. 2008;56(12):4504–10.
MLA
Van Poucke, Christof, Christel Detavernier, Jan Van Bocxlaer, et al. “Monitoring the Benzene Contents in Soft Drinks Using Headspace Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry: A Survey of the Situation on the Belgian Market.” Ed. Marianne Bailleul. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY 56.12 (2008): 4504–4510. Print.