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Activity of disinfectants against multispecies biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Didem Kart, Sarah Tavernier (UGent) , Heleen Van Acker (UGent) , Hans Nelis (UGent) and Tom Coenye (UGent)
(2014) BIOFOULING. 30(3). p.377-383
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Abstract
Microbial biofilms are a serious threat to human health. Recent studies have indicated that many clinically relevant biofilms are polymicrobial. In the present study, multispecies biofilms were grown in a reproducible manner in a 96-well microtiter plate. The efficacy of nine commercially available disinfectants against Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in multispecies biofilms was determined and compared. The results showed that the direction and the magnitude of the effect in a multispecies biofilm depend on the strain and the disinfectant used and challenge the common belief that organisms in multispecies biofilms are always less susceptible than in monospecies biofilms.
Keywords
P. aeruginosa, multispecies biofilm, POLYMICROBIAL BIOFILMS, RESISTANCE, MECHANISMS, EXPRESSION, EFFICACY, GROWTH, OXYR, S. aureus, C. albicans, disinfectants

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MLA
Kart, Didem, et al. “Activity of Disinfectants against Multispecies Biofilms Formed by Staphylococcus Aureus, Candida Albicans and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa.” BIOFOULING, vol. 30, no. 3, 2014, pp. 377–83, doi:10.1080/08927014.2013.878333.
APA
Kart, D., Tavernier, S., Van Acker, H., Nelis, H., & Coenye, T. (2014). Activity of disinfectants against multispecies biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. BIOFOULING, 30(3), 377–383. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2013.878333
Chicago author-date
Kart, Didem, Sarah Tavernier, Heleen Van Acker, Hans Nelis, and Tom Coenye. 2014. “Activity of Disinfectants against Multispecies Biofilms Formed by Staphylococcus Aureus, Candida Albicans and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa.” BIOFOULING 30 (3): 377–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2013.878333.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Kart, Didem, Sarah Tavernier, Heleen Van Acker, Hans Nelis, and Tom Coenye. 2014. “Activity of Disinfectants against Multispecies Biofilms Formed by Staphylococcus Aureus, Candida Albicans and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa.” BIOFOULING 30 (3): 377–383. doi:10.1080/08927014.2013.878333.
Vancouver
1.
Kart D, Tavernier S, Van Acker H, Nelis H, Coenye T. Activity of disinfectants against multispecies biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. BIOFOULING. 2014;30(3):377–83.
IEEE
[1]
D. Kart, S. Tavernier, H. Van Acker, H. Nelis, and T. Coenye, “Activity of disinfectants against multispecies biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” BIOFOULING, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 377–383, 2014.
@article{5332565,
  abstract     = {{Microbial biofilms are a serious threat to human health. Recent studies have indicated that many clinically relevant biofilms are polymicrobial. In the present study, multispecies biofilms were grown in a reproducible manner in a 96-well microtiter plate. The efficacy of nine commercially available disinfectants against Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in multispecies biofilms was determined and compared. The results showed that the direction and the magnitude of the effect in a multispecies biofilm depend on the strain and the disinfectant used and challenge the common belief that organisms in multispecies biofilms are always less susceptible than in monospecies biofilms.}},
  author       = {{Kart, Didem and Tavernier, Sarah and Van Acker, Heleen and Nelis, Hans and Coenye, Tom}},
  issn         = {{0892-7014}},
  journal      = {{BIOFOULING}},
  keywords     = {{P. aeruginosa,multispecies biofilm,POLYMICROBIAL BIOFILMS,RESISTANCE,MECHANISMS,EXPRESSION,EFFICACY,GROWTH,OXYR,S. aureus,C. albicans,disinfectants}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{377--383}},
  title        = {{Activity of disinfectants against multispecies biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2013.878333}},
  volume       = {{30}},
  year         = {{2014}},
}

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