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The Dynamic Relationship Between End-Tidal Sevoflurane Concentrations, Bispectral Index, and Cerebral State Index in Children

(2008) ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA. 107(5). p.1573-1578
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: To guide anesthetic administration with electroencephalogram monitors in children, an adequate characterization of the anesthetic effect measured by these monitors in this population is needed. We sought to quantify and compare the dynamic profile of sevoflurane's effect measured with the cerebral state index (CST) and the bispectral index (BIS) in children. METHODS: Fifteen healthy children, aged 3-15 yr, scheduled to undergo minor surgery were prospectively studied. During the simultaneous recording of CST and % for 5 min and then decreased. BIS, the sevoflurane vaporizer was set at 6 vol End-tidal concentrations (C-ET) were measured. The C-ET-sevoflurane effect-site concentration equilibration and pharmacodynamics were modeled. Goodness of fit between models was compared. Data are typical value (coefficient of variation). RESULTS: Within the anesthetic depth range studied, the rate of change of sevoflurane's effect expressed as the effect-site equilibration half-life (t(1/2) k(e0)) was slower with the CST [2.0 (14) min] than with BIS [1.2 (53) min] (P < 0.05). The estimated baseline effect of BIS and CST before sevoflurane administration (E-0) was 84 (39) for CST and 87 (7) for BIS (NS). The sensitivity to sevoflurane hypnotic effect expressed in the C-50 [steady-state C-ET eliciting half of the maximum response (E-max)] was 2.1 (68) % with CST and 2.1. (16)% with BIS (NS). The E-max with CST 45 (0) was higher than that with BIS 27 (39) (P < 0.05). The population prediction error was significantly better for BIS (-0.7 +/- 26.9) than for CST (-3.0 +/- 178.6) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In children, the t(1/2) k(e0) of sevoflurane and the pharmacodynamics of sevoflurane were quantified and the results were entirely dependent on the monitor used to measure its hypnotic effect. Within the anesthetic depth range studied, the rate of change of sevoflurane's effect was slower with the CST. To adequately guide sevoflurane administration with these monitors in children, these differences should be considered.
Keywords
PHARMACODYNAMICS, PERFORMANCE, INFANTS, BIS, AGE, EEG, PROPOFOL ANESTHESIA, CONTROLLED INFUSION

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Chicago
Fuentes, R., L. Cortinez, Michel Struys, A. Delfino, and H. Munoz. 2008. “The Dynamic Relationship Between End-Tidal Sevoflurane Concentrations, Bispectral Index, and Cerebral State Index in Children.” Anesthesia and Analgesia 107 (5): 1573–1578.
APA
Fuentes, R., Cortinez, L., Struys, M., Delfino, A., & Munoz, H. (2008). The Dynamic Relationship Between End-Tidal Sevoflurane Concentrations, Bispectral Index, and Cerebral State Index in Children. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 107(5), 1573–1578.
Vancouver
1.
Fuentes R, Cortinez L, Struys M, Delfino A, Munoz H. The Dynamic Relationship Between End-Tidal Sevoflurane Concentrations, Bispectral Index, and Cerebral State Index in Children. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA. 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS,; 2008;107(5):1573–8.
MLA
Fuentes, R., L. Cortinez, Michel Struys, et al. “The Dynamic Relationship Between End-Tidal Sevoflurane Concentrations, Bispectral Index, and Cerebral State Index in Children.” ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA 107.5 (2008): 1573–1578. Print.
@article{529117,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: To guide anesthetic administration with electroencephalogram monitors in children, an adequate characterization of the anesthetic effect measured by these monitors in this population is needed. We sought to quantify and compare the dynamic profile of sevoflurane's effect measured with the cerebral state index (CST) and the bispectral index (BIS) in children.
METHODS: Fifteen healthy children, aged 3-15 yr, scheduled to undergo minor surgery were prospectively studied. During the simultaneous recording of CST and \% for 5 min and then decreased. BIS, the sevoflurane vaporizer was set at 6 vol End-tidal concentrations (C-ET) were measured. The C-ET-sevoflurane effect-site concentration equilibration and pharmacodynamics were modeled. Goodness of fit between models was compared. Data are typical value (coefficient of variation).

RESULTS: Within the anesthetic depth range studied, the rate of change of sevoflurane's effect expressed as the effect-site equilibration half-life (t(1/2) k(e0)) was slower with the CST [2.0 (14) min] than with BIS [1.2 (53) min] (P {\textlangle} 0.05). The estimated baseline effect of BIS and CST before sevoflurane administration (E-0) was 84 (39) for CST and 87 (7) for BIS (NS). The sensitivity to sevoflurane hypnotic effect expressed in the C-50 [steady-state C-ET eliciting half of the maximum response (E-max)] was 2.1 (68) \% with CST and 2.1. (16)\% with BIS (NS). The E-max with CST 45 (0) was higher than that with BIS 27 (39) (P {\textlangle} 0.05). The population prediction error was significantly better for BIS (-0.7 +/- 26.9) than for CST (-3.0 +/- 178.6) (P {\textlangle} 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: In children, the t(1/2) k(e0) of sevoflurane and the pharmacodynamics of sevoflurane were quantified and the results were entirely dependent on the monitor used to measure its hypnotic effect. Within the anesthetic depth range studied, the rate of change of sevoflurane's effect was slower with the CST. To adequately guide sevoflurane administration with these monitors in children, these differences should be considered.},
  author       = {Fuentes, R. and Cortinez, L. and Struys, Michel and Delfino, A. and Munoz, H.},
  issn         = {0003-2999},
  journal      = {ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA},
  keyword      = {PHARMACODYNAMICS,PERFORMANCE,INFANTS,BIS,AGE,EEG,PROPOFOL ANESTHESIA,CONTROLLED INFUSION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1573--1578},
  publisher    = {LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS \& WILKINS,},
  title        = {The Dynamic Relationship Between End-Tidal Sevoflurane Concentrations, Bispectral Index, and Cerebral State Index in Children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e318181ef88},
  volume       = {107},
  year         = {2008},
}

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