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A five-factor model perspective on psychopathy and comorbid Axis-II disorders in a forensic-psychiatric sample

Author
Organization
Abstract
The validity of DSM-IV predictions [Widiger, T.A., Trull, T.J., Clarkin, J.F., Sanderson, C.j., & Costa, P. T., (2002). A description of the DSM-IV personality disorders with the five-factor model of personality. In Costa, R T. & Widiger, I A. (Eds.), Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality (2nd ed.). Washington DC: American Psychological Association] concerning Antisocial Personality Disorder and the validity of the hypothesized associations between the Five-Factor Model and psychopathy were examined in 48 male forensic-psychiatric patients. Prevalence of psychopathy and comorbid personality pathology was also investigated, as well as the convergent validity of two Dutch personality disorder inventories. Patients provided self-descriptions on the NEO-PI-R [Costa, R T., & McCrae, R.R., (1992b). Professional Manual: Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor-inventory (NEO-FFI). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources], and were administered the VKP [Duijsens. I.J., Haringsma, R., & EurelingsBontekoe, E.H.M., (1999). Handleiding VKP (Vragenlijst voor kenmerken van de persoonlijkheid). Gebaseerd op DSM-IV en ICD-10. Leiderdorp: Datec] and the ADP-IV [Schotte, C.K.W., & De Doncker, D. A. M., (1994). ADP-IV Questionnaire. Antwerp Belgium: University Hospital Antwerp] to assess personality pathology. Psychopathy was assessed using Hare's Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; [Hare, R. D., (1990). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems]) based on a semi-structured interview and file records of psychiatric and psychological evaluations and criminal history. Results underscored the validity of the FFM Antisocial PD associations, but the hypothesized correlations between the FFM and Psychopathy were less supported. Results supported the convergent validity of the ADP-IV and the VI(P, both at the dimensional and categorical level. Around 55% met the diagnostic threshold of psychopathy, and Antisocial PD was the most prevalent disorder in the psychopathic group, consistent with previous research. Sizeable personality comorbidity was also observed.
Keywords
Comorbidity, Forensic population, Psychopathy, FFM, Antisocial Personality Disorder

Citation

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MLA
Decuyper, Mieke, Filip De Fruyt, and Jos Buschman. “A Five-factor Model Perspective on Psychopathy and Comorbid Axis-II Disorders in a Forensic-psychiatric Sample.” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 31.5 (2008): 394–406. Print.
APA
Decuyper, Mieke, De Fruyt, F., & Buschman, J. (2008). A five-factor model perspective on psychopathy and comorbid Axis-II disorders in a forensic-psychiatric sample. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31(5), 394–406.
Chicago author-date
Decuyper, Mieke, Filip De Fruyt, and Jos Buschman. 2008. “A Five-factor Model Perspective on Psychopathy and Comorbid Axis-II Disorders in a Forensic-psychiatric Sample.” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 31 (5): 394–406.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Decuyper, Mieke, Filip De Fruyt, and Jos Buschman. 2008. “A Five-factor Model Perspective on Psychopathy and Comorbid Axis-II Disorders in a Forensic-psychiatric Sample.” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 31 (5): 394–406.
Vancouver
1.
Decuyper M, De Fruyt F, Buschman J. A five-factor model perspective on psychopathy and comorbid Axis-II disorders in a forensic-psychiatric sample. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. New York, United States: Pergamon Press; 2008;31(5):394–406.
IEEE
[1]
M. Decuyper, F. De Fruyt, and J. Buschman, “A five-factor model perspective on psychopathy and comorbid Axis-II disorders in a forensic-psychiatric sample,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 394–406, 2008.
@article{527779,
  abstract     = {{The validity of DSM-IV predictions [Widiger, T.A., Trull, T.J., Clarkin, J.F., Sanderson, C.j., & Costa, P. T., (2002). A description of the DSM-IV personality disorders with the five-factor model of personality. In Costa, R T. & Widiger, I A. (Eds.), Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality (2nd ed.). Washington DC: American Psychological Association] concerning Antisocial Personality Disorder and the validity of the hypothesized associations between the Five-Factor Model and psychopathy were examined in 48 male forensic-psychiatric patients. Prevalence of psychopathy and comorbid personality pathology was also investigated, as well as the convergent validity of two Dutch personality disorder inventories. Patients provided self-descriptions on the NEO-PI-R [Costa, R T., & McCrae, R.R., (1992b). Professional Manual: Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor-inventory (NEO-FFI). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources], and were administered the VKP [Duijsens. I.J., Haringsma, R., & EurelingsBontekoe, E.H.M., (1999). Handleiding VKP (Vragenlijst voor kenmerken van de persoonlijkheid). Gebaseerd op DSM-IV en ICD-10. Leiderdorp: Datec] and the ADP-IV [Schotte, C.K.W., & De Doncker, D. A. M., (1994). ADP-IV Questionnaire. Antwerp Belgium: University Hospital Antwerp] to assess personality pathology. Psychopathy was assessed using Hare's Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; [Hare, R. D., (1990). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems]) based on a semi-structured interview and file records of psychiatric and psychological evaluations and criminal history. Results underscored the validity of the FFM Antisocial PD associations, but the hypothesized correlations between the FFM and Psychopathy were less supported. Results supported the convergent validity of the ADP-IV and the VI(P, both at the dimensional and categorical level. Around 55% met the diagnostic threshold of psychopathy, and Antisocial PD was the most prevalent disorder in the psychopathic group, consistent with previous research. Sizeable personality comorbidity was also observed.}},
  author       = {{Decuyper, Mieke and De Fruyt, Filip and Buschman, Jos}},
  issn         = {{1873-6386}},
  journal      = {{International Journal of Law and Psychiatry}},
  keywords     = {{Comorbidity,Forensic population,Psychopathy,FFM,Antisocial Personality Disorder}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{5}},
  pages        = {{394--406}},
  publisher    = {{Pergamon Press}},
  title        = {{A five-factor model perspective on psychopathy and comorbid Axis-II disorders in a forensic-psychiatric sample}},
  volume       = {{31}},
  year         = {{2008}},
}

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